Trade Compliance in China

Overview by
International Conventions
Member of World Trade Organisation
Party to the Kyoto Protocol
Party to the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
Party to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
Party to the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer
Main International Economic Cooperation
Asia-Pacific economic cooperation Organization (APEC).
Bilateral Treaties and Accords.
AFTA and ASEAN - China Free Trade Area.
Consult the Free Trade Agreement signed by China
Party of the ATA Convention on Temporary Admissions and Use of the Carnets

As a Reminder, the ATA is a System Allowing the Free Movement of Goods Across Frontiers and Their Temporary Admission Into a Customs Territory With Relief From Duties and Taxes. The Goods Are Covered By a Single Document Known as the ATA Carnet That is Secured By an International Guarantee System.
Look Up the Other Member Countries And Read the Web Pages of the World Customs Organization Devoted to the ATA Carnet.
Party of the TIR Convention

As a Reminder, the TIR Convention and its Transit Regime Contribute to the Facilitation of International Transport, Especially International Road Transport, Not Only in Europe and the Middle East, But Also in Other Parts of the World, Such as Africa and Latin America.
The UNCTAD Website Allows You to Read the TIR Convention, See the List of Member Countries And to Find Further Information.
Accompanying Documents For Imports
Goods dispatched in China must be accompanied by the following documents:
- Certificates of origin
- The unique data folder (DAU)
- Commercial invoice (in 3 copies and in English.)
- Sale contract in three copies
- A certificate of plant health (for food and agricultural products)
- A health certificate (for meat)
- A certificate indicating fit for human consumption
- A certificate of fumigation (for the wooden pallets).
- Certificate of Community origin (for imports coming from the EU.)
- Certificate of free sale for cosmetics.
- Transport documents and packing lists.
- Translation of the components/ingredients in Chinese.
Free Zones
The Waigaoqiao zone: the Jingqiao zone, the Lujiazui zone and the Zhangjiang zone.
The Zones are known as ZES: Shenzen, Zhuhai, Shantou , Xiamen, Qinghuandao
For Further Information
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Commerce
Non Tariff Barriers
Only companies or institutions authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation (MOFTEC) can run foreign trade operations. Two methods are possible: Foreign Trade Companies or producing companies entitled to trade with foreigners (import for their personal use provided they have stable export balances). Today, there are nearly 9000 companies authorized to run foreign trade operations in China (14 in 1979).
More than half of value imports of China is subject to import licenses. Initial authorisation is issued by various organisations according to the product, but the final delivery is subject to acceptance by the MOFTEC. To obtain these authorizations, the importer must have exact foreign exchange reserves and justify the necessity to import. Delivery of licenses often depends on the sphere of activity, which may be encouraged, allowed, restricted or simply prohibited, according to the investments regulation promulgated by China. It is essential in all cases to have solids relations within the Chinese Administration for obtaining these licenses.
Many goods imported into China are subject to inspection. Prior inspection in the exporting country for certain products (textile in particular), or inspection at the port or the incoming airport to check that the products are well in conformity with the Chinese standards. These checks are carried out directly and exclusively by the Chinese authorities.
Sectors or Products For Which Commercial Disagreements Have Been Registered With the WTO
Paper, products containing metals (steel, iron, tin, etc), integrated circuits, automobile parts, intellectual property, etc.
Assessment of Commercial Policy
Pages of WTO dedicated to China
Barriers to exchanges, inventoried by the United States
Barriers to exchanges, inventoried by the EU
Sanitary and phytosanitary barriers, inventoried by the EU
Find more on about Trade Policy in China.

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  • U.S. Export Controls to China

    The United States imposes export controls to protect national security interests and participates in various multilateral arms control regimes to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

    U.S. Commercial Service China on 6 Jan 2010 related to Trade Compliance in China

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