Trade Policy and Regulations in Egypt

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

Foreign Trade in Figures

The Egyptian market is gradually opening up, especially after signing an agreement with the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) in 2006, and a free trade treaty with the United States. Its three primary export partners are the European Union, which represents more than a third of the trade, United States and Syria. The EU and the USA absorb almost 60% of egyptian exports. Egypt mainly exports mineral fuels and oil, cotton, iron and steel. It imports mainly consumer electronic goods and capital goods, nuclear reactors and nuclear-powered boilers, cereals, food products and chemical products. Import volume has doubled and is twice the export volume, a fact which contributed to the deterioration of the country's trade balance, now a deficit (USD 25.1b in 2010)

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Imports of Goods (million USD) 22,449 27,300 37,100 48,382 44,946
Exports of Goods (million USD) 12,912 16,728 19,224 26,224 23,062
Imports of Services (million USD) 9,507 10,288 13,088 16,335 12,765
Exports of Services (million USD) 14,449 15,834 19,660 24,668 21,302
Imports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change) 24 22 29 26 -18
Exports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change) 20 21 23 29 -15
Trade Balance (million USD) 7,745 -8,438 -14,900 -19,759 -16,818
Current Account (million USD) 2,103 2,635 412 -1,415 -3,349
Foreign Trade (in % of GDP) 63 62 65 72 57
Imports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP) 33 32 35 39 32
Exports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP) 30 30 30 33 25

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization ; World Bank

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Main Partner Countries

Main Customers
(% of Exports)
2010
Italy 8.4%
Spain 6.2%
Saudi Arabia 5.9%
United States 5.9%
India 4.7%
Libya 4.6%
Turkey 3.7%
France 3.5%
United Kingdom 3.1%
Syria 3.0%
Jordan 2.7%
United Arab Emirates 2.3%
Germany 2.2%
Sudan 2.1%
Netherlands 2.1%
South Korea 2.0%
Lebanon 2.0%
China 1.6%
Morocco 1.5%
Switzerland 1.5%
Other partnersClose extended list 69.1%
Main Suppliers
(% of Imports)
2010
United States 9.4%
China 9.2%
Germany 7.6%
Italy 5.6%
Saudi Arabia 4.0%
South Korea 3.6%
France 3.6%
Turkey 3.5%
Russia 3.5%
Brazil 3.3%
Ukraine 3.1%
India 2.9%
Kuwait 2.9%
Japan 2.7%
United Kingdom 2.4%
Malta 2.0%
Argentina 1.7%
Belgium 1.6%
Spain 1.6%
Netherlands 1.6%
Other partnersClose extended list 64.2%

Source: Comtrade

Main Products

Main Exports
(% of Exports)
2010
Oils petroleum, bituminous, distillates, except...Oils petroleum, bituminous, distillates, except crude 11.2%
Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbonsPetroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons 8.6%
Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,...Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals, crude 6.8%
Mineral or chemical fertilizers, nitrogenousMineral or chemical fertilizers, nitrogenous 4.1%
Gold, unwrought, semi-manufactured, powder formGold, unwrought, semi-manufactured, powder form 3.9%
Copper plates, sheets and strips, thickness > 0...Copper plates, sheets and strips, thickness > 0.15mm 2.4%
Insulated wire and cable, optical fibre cableInsulated wire and cable, optical fibre cable 2.3%
Citrus fruit, fresh or driedCitrus fruit, fresh or dried 2.0%
Cheese and curdCheese and curd 1.8%
Hot-rolled products, iron/steel, width>600mm, not...Hot-rolled products, iron/steel, width>600mm, not cla 1.7%
RiceRice 1.4%
Carpets and other textile floor covering, knottedCarpets and other textile floor covering, knotted 1.3%
Solid cane or beet sugar and chemically pure...Solid cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose 1.2%
Mens or boys suits, jackets, trousers etc not knitMens or boys suits, jackets, trousers etc not knit 1.2%
T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knit or...T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knit or crochet 1.0%
Cotton, not carded or combedCotton, not carded or combed 1.0%
Glassware for table, kitchen, toilet, decorationGlassware for table, kitchen, toilet, decoration 1.0%
Cotton yarn not sewing thread >85% cotton, not...Cotton yarn not sewing thread >85% cotton, not retail 1.0%
Household, sanitary, hospital paper articles,...Household, sanitary, hospital paper articles, clothin 0.9%
Mixed alkylbenzenes and mixed alkylnaphthalenes,...Mixed alkylbenzenes and mixed alkylnaphthalenes, nes 0.9%
Carbon (carbon blacks and other forms of carbon,...Carbon (carbon blacks and other forms of carbon, nes) 0.9%
Onions, shallots, garlic, leeks, etc. fresh or...Onions, shallots, garlic, leeks, etc. fresh or chille 0.9%
Medicaments, therapeutic, prophylactic use, in...Medicaments, therapeutic, prophylactic use, in dosage 0.9%
Ammonia, anhydrous or in aqueous solutionAmmonia, anhydrous or in aqueous solution 0.9%
Polymers of ethylene, in primary formsPolymers of ethylene, in primary forms 0.9%
Petroleum jelly, petroleum wax, other mineral...Petroleum jelly, petroleum wax, other mineral waxes 0.9%
Other furniture and parts thereofOther furniture and parts thereof 0.8%
Vegetable saps, etc, pectin etc, agar-agar etcVegetable saps, etc, pectin etc, agar-agar etc 0.8%
Bed, table, toilet and kitchen linensBed, table, toilet and kitchen linens 0.8%
Grapes, fresh or driedGrapes, fresh or dried 0.8%
Garments made up of felt or coated fabricGarments made up of felt or coated fabric 0.7%
Hot rolled bar, rod of iron/steel, in irregular...Hot rolled bar, rod of iron/steel, in irregular coils 0.7%
Womens, girls suits, jacket, dress, skirt, etc,...Womens, girls suits, jacket, dress, skirt, etc, wove 0.7%
Glazed ceramic flags and paving, hearth, wall...Glazed ceramic flags and paving, hearth, wall tiles 0.7%
Marble, travertine, ecaussine etcMarble, travertine, ecaussine etc 0.7%
Wood tar, tar oils, creosote, naphtha, veg....Wood tar, tar oils, creosote, naphtha, veg. pitches 0.7%
Quilted textile products in piece (not embroidered...Quilted textile products in piece (not embroidered) 0.7%
Articles of iron or steel nesArticles of iron or steel nes 0.6%
Aluminium powders and flakesAluminium powders and flakes 0.6%
Retort carbon, coke or semi-coke of coal, lignite...Retort carbon, coke or semi-coke of coal, lignite,pea 0.6%
Bovine or equine leather, no hair, not chamois,...Bovine or equine leather, no hair, not chamois, paten 0.6%
Unwrought aluminiumUnwrought aluminium 0.5%
Plastic articles nesPlastic articles nes 0.5%
Natural phosphates (calcium, calcium-aluminium),...Natural phosphates (calcium, calcium-aluminium), chal 0.5%
Potatoes, fresh or chilledPotatoes, fresh or chilled 0.5%
Vegetables (uncooked, steamed, boiled) frozenVegetables (uncooked, steamed, boiled) frozen 0.5%
Sugar confectionery, non-cocoa, white chocolateSugar confectionery, non-cocoa, white chocolate 0.5%
Bathroom wares, of plasticsBathroom wares, of plastics 0.4%
Electrical energyElectrical energy 0.4%
Organic surface active agent, preparation, except...Organic surface active agent, preparation, except soa 0.4%
Fruits nes, freshFruits nes, fresh 0.4%
Fruit and vegetable juices, not fermented or...Fruit and vegetable juices, not fermented or spirited 0.4%
Tobacco, tobacco substitute products nesTobacco, tobacco substitute products nes 0.4%
Vegetables, leguminous dried, shelledVegetables, leguminous dried, shelled 0.3%
Articles of nickel, nesArticles of nickel, nes 0.3%
Ceramic bathroom, kitchen and other sanitary...Ceramic bathroom, kitchen and other sanitary fixtures 0.3%
Worked monumental, building stone, articles...Worked monumental, building stone, articles thereof 0.3%
Aluminium bars, rods and profilesAluminium bars, rods and profiles 0.3%
Plants, plant parts for perfumery, pharmacy, etc,Plants, plant parts for perfumery, pharmacy, etc, 0.3%
Leguminous vegetables, fresh or chilledLeguminous vegetables, fresh or chilled 0.3%
Polymers of vinyl chloride, other halogenated...Polymers of vinyl chloride, other halogenated olefins 0.3%
Stoves, ranges/barbecues,etc, non-electric, iron...Stoves, ranges/barbecues,etc, non-electric, iron/stee 0.3%
Plastic plate, sheet, film not cellular,...Plastic plate, sheet, film not cellular, reinforced 0.3%
Structures, parts of structures of iron or steel,...Structures, parts of structures of iron or steel, nes 0.3%
Air conditioning equipment, machineryAir conditioning equipment, machinery 0.3%
Unglazed ceramic flags, paving, hearth or wall...Unglazed ceramic flags, paving, hearth or wall tiles 0.3%
Commodities not specified according to kindCommodities not specified according to kind 0.3%
Vegetables nes, fresh or chilledVegetables nes, fresh or chilled 0.2%
Mens, boys suits,jackets,trousers etc knit or...Mens, boys suits,jackets,trousers etc knit or crochet 0.2%
Electric equipment with heating element, domestic...Electric equipment with heating element, domestic etc 0.2%
New pneumatic tyres, of rubberNew pneumatic tyres, of rubber 0.2%
Ethyl alcohol, undenatured and > 80%, or denaturedEthyl alcohol, undenatured and > 80%, or denatured 0.2%
Mineral or chemical fertilizers, phosphaticMineral or chemical fertilizers, phosphatic 0.2%
Plastic tube, pipe, hose and fittingsPlastic tube, pipe, hose and fittings 0.2%
Dates, figs, pineapple, avocado, guava, fresh or...Dates, figs, pineapple, avocado, guava, fresh or drie 0.2%
Paper, board containers, packing items, box files,...Paper, board containers, packing items, box files, et 0.2%
Refrigerators, freezers and heat pumps nesRefrigerators, freezers and heat pumps nes 0.2%
Asphalt, bitumen, coal tar pitch, etc articlesAsphalt, bitumen, coal tar pitch, etc articles 0.2%
Flat-rolled iron/steel, >600mm, clad, plated or...Flat-rolled iron/steel, >600mm, clad, plated or coate 0.2%
SoapsSoaps 0.2%
Garments, knit or crochet, nesGarments, knit or crochet, nes 0.2%
Public-transport type passenger motor vehiclesPublic-transport type passenger motor vehicles 0.2%
Cement (portland, aluminous, slag or hydraulic)Cement (portland, aluminous, slag or hydraulic) 0.2%
Bar, rod, angle etc nes, hollow steel drill barsBar, rod, angle etc nes, hollow steel drill bars 0.2%
Woven cotton fabric, >85% cotton, < 200g/m2Woven cotton fabric, >85% cotton, < 200g/m2 0.2%
Electrical power, etc, control and distribution...Electrical power, etc, control and distribution board 0.2%
Men's or boys' shirtsMen's or boys' shirts 0.2%
Articles of aluminium nesArticles of aluminium nes 0.2%
Food preparations, nesFood preparations, nes 0.2%
Oil-cake other than soya-bean or groundnutOil-cake other than soya-bean or groundnut 0.2%
Polymers of propylene, other olefins in primary...Polymers of propylene, other olefins in primary forms 0.2%
Synthetic staple fibres, not processed for...Synthetic staple fibres, not processed for spinning 0.2%
Chocolate and other foods containing cocoaChocolate and other foods containing cocoa 0.2%
Bitumen, asphalt, oil shales, tar sands,...Bitumen, asphalt, oil shales, tar sands, asphaltites 0.2%
Uncoated paper for writing, printing, office...Uncoated paper for writing, printing, office machines 0.2%
Yeast, dead unicellular organisms nes, baking...Yeast, dead unicellular organisms nes, baking powders 0.2%
Molasses from the extraction or refining of sugarMolasses from the extraction or refining of sugar 0.2%
Seed, fruit and spores, for sowingSeed, fruit and spores, for sowing 0.2%
Polyacetals, polyethers, polycarbonates, etc,...Polyacetals, polyethers, polycarbonates, etc, primary 0.2%
Ground-nuts, not roasted or otherwise cookedGround-nuts, not roasted or otherwise cooked 0.2%
Containers, bobbins and packages, of plasticsContainers, bobbins and packages, of plastics 0.1%
Mens, boys underwear, nightwear, not knit or...Mens, boys underwear, nightwear, not knit or crochet 0.1%
Copper wireCopper wire 0.1%
Pasta, couscous, etc.Pasta, couscous, etc. 0.1%
Vegetables, dried, not further preparedVegetables, dried, not further prepared 0.1%
Baked bread, pastry, wafers, rice paper, biscuits,...Baked bread, pastry, wafers, rice paper, biscuits, et 0.1%
Polymer based paints, varnishes in non-aqueous...Polymer based paints, varnishes in non-aqueous medium 0.1%
Vegetables nes, prepared/preserved, not frozen...Vegetables nes, prepared/preserved, not frozen/vinega 0.1%
Wheat or meslin flourWheat or meslin flour 0.1%
Mixted odoriferous substances for industrial useMixted odoriferous substances for industrial use 0.1%
Salt (sodium chloride) including solution, salt...Salt (sodium chloride) including solution, salt water 0.1%
Angles, shapes and sections of iron or non-alloy...Angles, shapes and sections of iron or non-alloy stee 0.1%
Vegetables nes, prepared, frozenVegetables nes, prepared, frozen 0.1%
Ferro-alloysFerro-alloys 0.1%
Parts and accessories for motor vehiclesParts and accessories for motor vehicles 0.1%
Glass bottles, flasks, jars, phials, stoppers, etcGlass bottles, flasks, jars, phials, stoppers, etc 0.1%
Acyclic hydrocarbonsAcyclic hydrocarbons 0.1%
Razors and razor blades (including blanks in...Razors and razor blades (including blanks in strips) 0.1%
Aluminium wireAluminium wire 0.1%
Seed spicesSeed spices 0.1%
Womens, girls suit, dress, skirt, etc, knit or...Womens, girls suit, dress, skirt, etc, knit or croche 0.1%
Soya-bean oil, fractions, not chemically modifiedSoya-bean oil, fractions, not chemically modified 0.1%
Essential oils, resinoids and terpenic by-productsEssential oils, resinoids and terpenic by-products 0.1%
CopraCopra 0.1%
Starch, sugar, brewing & distilling industry...Starch, sugar, brewing & distilling industry residues 0.1%
Sanitary ware and parts thereof, of iron or steelSanitary ware and parts thereof, of iron or steel 0.1%
TeaTea 0.1%
Sauce, condiments, mixed seasoning and mustardSauce, condiments, mixed seasoning and mustard 0.1%
Hydroxides and peroxides of sodium and potassiumHydroxides and peroxides of sodium and potassium 0.1%
Safflower, sunflower and cotton-seed oil,...Safflower, sunflower and cotton-seed oil, fractions 0.1%
Jams, jellies, marmalades, fruit, nut pastes,...Jams, jellies, marmalades, fruit, nut pastes, purees 0.1%
Safety glass (toughened, tempered, laminated)Safety glass (toughened, tempered, laminated) 0.1%
Soups, broths and homogenized food preparationsSoups, broths and homogenized food preparations 0.1%
Self-adhesive plates, sheets, film etc of plasticSelf-adhesive plates, sheets, film etc of plastic 0.1%
Other productsClose extended list 65.4%
Main Imports
(% of Imports)
2010
Oils petroleum, bituminous, distillates, except...Oils petroleum, bituminous, distillates, except crude 6.9%
Wheat and meslinWheat and meslin 4.1%
Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbonsPetroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons 3.4%
Articles of iron or steel nesArticles of iron or steel nes 2.6%
Motor vehicles for transport of persons (except...Motor vehicles for transport of persons (except buses 2.5%
Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals,...Petroleum oils, oils from bituminous minerals, crude 2.5%
Maize (corn)Maize (corn) 2.4%
Parts and accessories for motor vehiclesParts and accessories for motor vehicles 1.9%
Medicaments, therapeutic, prophylactic use, in...Medicaments, therapeutic, prophylactic use, in dosage 1.7%
Wood sawn, chipped lengthwise, sliced or peeledWood sawn, chipped lengthwise, sliced or peeled 1.7%
Semi-finished products of iron or non-alloy steelSemi-finished products of iron or non-alloy steel 1.6%
Electric apparatus for line telephony, telegraphyElectric apparatus for line telephony, telegraphy 1.5%
Meat of bovine animals, frozenMeat of bovine animals, frozen 1.3%
Soya beansSoya beans 1.3%
Ferrous waste or scrap, ingots or iron or steelFerrous waste or scrap, ingots or iron or steel 1.3%
Motor vehicles for the transport of goodsMotor vehicles for the transport of goods 1.0%
Iron ores and concentrates, roasted iron pyritesIron ores and concentrates, roasted iron pyrites 1.0%
Palm oil and its fractions, not chemically...Palm oil and its fractions, not chemically modified 1.0%
Polymers of ethylene, in primary formsPolymers of ethylene, in primary forms 1.0%
Tube, pipe of iron or steel, except seamless > 406...Tube, pipe of iron or steel, except seamless > 406.4m 0.9%
Solid cane or beet sugar and chemically pure...Solid cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose 0.9%
Hot-rolled products, iron/steel, width>600mm, not...Hot-rolled products, iron/steel, width>600mm, not cla 0.7%
Refined copper and copper alloys, unwroughtRefined copper and copper alloys, unwrought 0.7%
Synthetic filament yarn(not sewing thread) not...Synthetic filament yarn(not sewing thread) not retail 0.7%
New pneumatic tyres, of rubberNew pneumatic tyres, of rubber 0.7%
Radio and tv transmitters, television camerasRadio and tv transmitters, television cameras 0.6%
Tractors (other than works, warehouse equipment)Tractors (other than works, warehouse equipment) 0.6%
Organic surface active agent, preparation, except...Organic surface active agent, preparation, except soa 0.6%
Iron/steel bar, only forged hot-rolled drawn,...Iron/steel bar, only forged hot-rolled drawn, extrude 0.6%
Vegetables, leguminous dried, shelledVegetables, leguminous dried, shelled 0.6%
Polymers of propylene, other olefins in primary...Polymers of propylene, other olefins in primary forms 0.6%
Taps, cocks, valves for pipes, tanks, boilers, etcTaps, cocks, valves for pipes, tanks, boilers, etc 0.5%
Pumps for liquidsPumps for liquids 0.5%
Coal, briquettes, ovoids etc, made from coalCoal, briquettes, ovoids etc, made from coal 0.5%
Refrigerators, freezers and heat pumps nesRefrigerators, freezers and heat pumps nes 0.5%
Woven cotton nes, >85% cotton, >200g/m2Woven cotton nes, >85% cotton, >200g/m2 0.5%
Air, vacuum pumps, compressors, ventilating fans,...Air, vacuum pumps, compressors, ventilating fans, etc 0.5%
Pipe fittings, of iron or steelPipe fittings, of iron or steel 0.5%
Fish, frozen, wholeFish, frozen, whole 0.5%
Chemical industry products nesChemical industry products nes 0.5%
Safflower, sunflower and cotton-seed oil,...Safflower, sunflower and cotton-seed oil, fractions 0.5%
Machines nes having individual functionsMachines nes having individual functions 0.5%
Polyacetals, polyethers, polycarbonates, etc,...Polyacetals, polyethers, polycarbonates, etc, primary 0.5%
Cement (portland, aluminous, slag or hydraulic)Cement (portland, aluminous, slag or hydraulic) 0.4%
Machinery to sort, screen, wash, etc mineral...Machinery to sort, screen, wash, etc mineral products 0.4%
Cotton yarn not sewing thread >85% cotton, not...Cotton yarn not sewing thread >85% cotton, not retail 0.4%
TeaTea 0.4%
Insulated wire and cable, optical fibre cableInsulated wire and cable, optical fibre cable 0.4%
Uncoated kraft paper and paperboardUncoated kraft paper and paperboard 0.4%
Electrical switches, connectors, etc, for < 1kvElectrical switches, connectors, etc, for < 1kv 0.4%
Polymers of vinyl chloride, other halogenated...Polymers of vinyl chloride, other halogenated olefins 0.4%
Parts, accessories, except covers, for office...Parts, accessories, except covers, for office machine 0.4%
Machinery parts, without electric features, nesMachinery parts, without electric features, nes 0.4%
Instruments etc for medical, surgical, dental, etc...Instruments etc for medical, surgical, dental, etc us 0.4%
Electric transformers,static converters and...Electric transformers,static converters and rectifier 0.4%
Woven synthetic filament yarn, monofilament ...Woven synthetic filament yarn, monofilament >67dtex 0.4%
Polymers of styrene, in primary formsPolymers of styrene, in primary forms 0.4%
Woven fabric with >85% synthetic staple fibresWoven fabric with >85% synthetic staple fibres 0.4%
Paper, board, clay, inorganic coated at least one...Paper, board, clay, inorganic coated at least one sid 0.4%
Flat-rolled iron/steel, >600mm, clad, plated or...Flat-rolled iron/steel, >600mm, clad, plated or coate 0.4%
Liquid, gas centrifuges, filtering, purifying...Liquid, gas centrifuges, filtering, purifying machine 0.3%
Shafts, cranks, gears, clutches, flywheel, pulleys...Shafts, cranks, gears, clutches, flywheel, pulleys et 0.3%
Automatic data processing machines (computers)Automatic data processing machines (computers) 0.3%
Lifting, handling, loading machinery nesLifting, handling, loading machinery nes 0.3%
Milk and cream, concentrated or sweetenedMilk and cream, concentrated or sweetened 0.3%
Ferrous products from reduction of iron ore, pure...Ferrous products from reduction of iron ore, pure iro 0.3%
Soya-bean oil-cake and other solid residuesSoya-bean oil-cake and other solid residues 0.3%
Self-propelled earth moving, road making, etc...Self-propelled earth moving, road making, etc machine 0.3%
Electric generating sets and rotary convertersElectric generating sets and rotary converters 0.3%
Industrial, laboratory furnaces, ovens,...Industrial, laboratory furnaces, ovens, incinerators 0.3%
Electric motors and generators, except generating...Electric motors and generators, except generating set 0.3%
Meat, edible offal of domestic poultryMeat, edible offal of domestic poultry 0.3%
Uncoated paper for writing, printing, office...Uncoated paper for writing, printing, office machines 0.3%
Acyclic hydrocarbonsAcyclic hydrocarbons 0.3%
Tobacco, tobacco substitute products nesTobacco, tobacco substitute products nes 0.3%
Cotton, not carded or combedCotton, not carded or combed 0.3%
Butter and other fats and oils derived from milkButter and other fats and oils derived from milk 0.3%
Plywood, veneered panels and similar laminated...Plywood, veneered panels and similar laminated wood 0.3%
Transfers (decalcomanias)Transfers (decalcomanias) 0.3%
Live bovine animalsLive bovine animals 0.3%
Screws, bolts, nuts, rivets, washers, etc, iron,...Screws, bolts, nuts, rivets, washers, etc, iron, stee 0.3%
Semi-chemical wood pulpSemi-chemical wood pulp 0.3%
Plastic articles nesPlastic articles nes 0.3%
Parts for radio, tv transmission, receive...Parts for radio, tv transmission, receive equipment 0.3%
Machinery for dish washing, bottle washing,...Machinery for dish washing, bottle washing, filling 0.3%
Colouring matter nes, inorganic luminophoresColouring matter nes, inorganic luminophores 0.3%
Derricks, cranes, straddle carriers, crane trucksDerricks, cranes, straddle carriers, crane trucks 0.3%
Electrical power, etc, control and distribution...Electrical power, etc, control and distribution board 0.3%
Special purpose motor vehiclesSpecial purpose motor vehicles 0.2%
Tobacco unmanufactured, tobacco refuseTobacco unmanufactured, tobacco refuse 0.2%
Soya-bean oil, fractions, not chemically modifiedSoya-bean oil, fractions, not chemically modified 0.2%
Machinery for rubber, plastics industryMachinery for rubber, plastics industry 0.2%
Plastic plate, sheet, film not cellular,...Plastic plate, sheet, film not cellular, reinforced 0.2%
Ferro-alloysFerro-alloys 0.2%
Machinery, non-domestic, involving heating or...Machinery, non-domestic, involving heating or cooling 0.2%
Public-transport type passenger motor vehiclesPublic-transport type passenger motor vehicles 0.2%
Tube or hollow profile, seamless iron/steel not...Tube or hollow profile, seamless iron/steel not cast 0.2%
Printing and ancillary machineryPrinting and ancillary machinery 0.2%
Mixted odoriferous substances for industrial useMixted odoriferous substances for industrial use 0.2%
Womens or girls' blouses, shirts and shirt-blousesWomens or girls' blouses, shirts and shirt-blouses 0.2%
AntibioticsAntibiotics 0.2%
Paper, board, etc coated, impregnated, coloured,...Paper, board, etc coated, impregnated, coloured, nes 0.2%
Household, laundry-type washing machine,...Household, laundry-type washing machine, washer-drier 0.2%
Acrylic polymers in primary formsAcrylic polymers in primary forms 0.2%
Motorcycles, bicycles etc with auxiliary motorMotorcycles, bicycles etc with auxiliary motor 0.2%
Earth or snow moving, boring or pile driving...Earth or snow moving, boring or pile driving machines 0.2%
Ceramic, glass pigments, opacifiers, colours,...Ceramic, glass pigments, opacifiers, colours, enamels 0.2%
Womens, girls underwear, nightwear, not knit,...Womens, girls underwear, nightwear, not knit, crochet 0.2%
Structures, parts of structures of iron or steel,...Structures, parts of structures of iron or steel, nes 0.2%
Blood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and culturesBlood, antisera, vaccines, toxins and cultures 0.2%
Prepared or preserved fish, fish eggs, caviarPrepared or preserved fish, fish eggs, caviar 0.2%
Starch, sugar, brewing & distilling industry...Starch, sugar, brewing & distilling industry residues 0.2%
Turbo-jets, turbo-propellers/other gas turbine...Turbo-jets, turbo-propellers/other gas turbine engine 0.2%
Other furniture and parts thereofOther furniture and parts thereof 0.2%
Edible offal of domestic animalsEdible offal of domestic animals 0.2%
Air conditioning equipment, machineryAir conditioning equipment, machinery 0.2%
Carpets, tuftedCarpets, tufted 0.2%
Potatoes, fresh or chilledPotatoes, fresh or chilled 0.2%
Apples, pears and quinces, freshApples, pears and quinces, fresh 0.2%
Plastic plate, sheet, film, foil, strip, cellular,...Plastic plate, sheet, film, foil, strip, cellular, ne 0.2%
Heterocyclics, nitrogen hetero atom only, nucleic...Heterocyclics, nitrogen hetero atom only, nucleic aci 0.2%
Angles, shapes and sections of iron or non-alloy...Angles, shapes and sections of iron or non-alloy stee 0.2%
Rolled stainless steel sheet, width > 600mmRolled stainless steel sheet, width > 600mm 0.2%
Cheese and curdCheese and curd 0.2%
Mens or boys suits, jackets, trousers etc not knitMens or boys suits, jackets, trousers etc not knit 0.2%
Acyclic alcohols and their derivativesAcyclic alcohols and their derivatives 0.2%
Compression-ignition engines (diesel etc)Compression-ignition engines (diesel etc) 0.2%
Television receivers, video monitors, projectorsTelevision receivers, video monitors, projectors 0.2%
Natural rubber and gums, in primary form, plates,...Natural rubber and gums, in primary form, plates, etc 0.2%
Womens, girls suits, jacket, dress, skirt, etc,...Womens, girls suits, jacket, dress, skirt, etc, wove 0.1%
Containers, bobbins and packages, of plasticsContainers, bobbins and packages, of plastics 0.1%
Woven fabric >85% synth+cotton, >170g/m2 unbl...Woven fabric >85% synth+cotton, >170g/m2 unbl/bleache 0.1%
Food preparations, nesFood preparations, nes 0.1%
Automatic regulating or controlling equipmentAutomatic regulating or controlling equipment 0.1%
Machine-tools for forging, die-stamping, bending...Machine-tools for forging, die-stamping, bending meta 0.1%
Articles of vulcanised rubber except hard rubber,...Articles of vulcanised rubber except hard rubber, nes 0.1%
Cigars, cigarettes etc, tobacco or tobacco...Cigars, cigarettes etc, tobacco or tobacco substitute 0.1%
Aluminium foil of a thickness < 0.2mmAluminium foil of a thickness < 0.2mm 0.1%
Insecticides, fungicides, herbicides etc (retail)Insecticides, fungicides, herbicides etc (retail) 0.1%
Metal-rolling mills and rolls thereofMetal-rolling mills and rolls thereof 0.1%
Spark-ignition internal combustion enginesSpark-ignition internal combustion engines 0.1%
Saturated acyclic monocarboxylic acids,...Saturated acyclic monocarboxylic acids, derivatives 0.1%
Copper pipes, tubesCopper pipes, tubes 0.1%
CrustaceansCrustaceans 0.1%
CarbonatesCarbonates 0.1%
Parts for internal combustion spark ignition...Parts for internal combustion spark ignition engines 0.1%
Synthetic organic colouring matterSynthetic organic colouring matter 0.1%
Ball or roller bearingsBall or roller bearings 0.1%
Producer, water and acetylene gas generatorsProducer, water and acetylene gas generators 0.1%
Animal feed preparations, nesAnimal feed preparations, nes 0.1%
Plastic tube, pipe, hose and fittingsPlastic tube, pipe, hose and fittings 0.1%
Nonwovens textiles except feltNonwovens textiles except felt 0.1%
NewsprintNewsprint 0.1%
Trailers and non-mechanically propelled vehicle...Trailers and non-mechanically propelled vehicle nes 0.1%
Steam turbines and other vapour turbinesSteam turbines and other vapour turbines 0.1%
Electric accumulatorsElectric accumulators 0.1%
Carbon electrodes, brushes and electrical items...Carbon electrodes, brushes and electrical items nes 0.1%
Seed, fruit and spores, for sowingSeed, fruit and spores, for sowing 0.1%
Mineral or chemical fertilizers, potassicMineral or chemical fertilizers, potassic 0.1%
Electric filament, discharge lampsElectric filament, discharge lamps 0.1%
Steam/vapour generating boiler(except central...Steam/vapour generating boiler(except central heating 0.1%
Lamps and lighting fittings, illuminated signs,...Lamps and lighting fittings, illuminated signs, etc 0.1%
Electric equipment with heating element, domestic...Electric equipment with heating element, domestic etc 0.1%
Printed reading books, brochures, leaflets etcPrinted reading books, brochures, leaflets etc 0.1%
Uncoated paper and paperboard nesUncoated paper and paperboard nes 0.1%
Paper, board containers, packing items, box files,...Paper, board containers, packing items, box files, et 0.1%
Aluminium oxide, hydroxide and artificial corundumAluminium oxide, hydroxide and artificial corundum 0.1%
Moulds for metals (except ingot), plastic, rubber,...Moulds for metals (except ingot), plastic, rubber, et 0.1%
Oxygen-function amino-compoundsOxygen-function amino-compounds 0.1%
Malt extract, flour, dairy preparations, low cocoaMalt extract, flour, dairy preparations, low cocoa 0.1%
Refractory brick, block, tile etc not...Refractory brick, block, tile etc not siliceous-earth 0.1%
Polycarboxylic acid, derivativesPolycarboxylic acid, derivatives 0.1%
Parts for electrical switches, protectors,...Parts for electrical switches, protectors, connectors 0.1%
Gaskets and similar joints of metal sheetGaskets and similar joints of metal sheet 0.1%
Composite diagnostic or laboratory reagents, nesComposite diagnostic or laboratory reagents, nes 0.1%
Thermionic and cold cathode valves and tubesThermionic and cold cathode valves and tubes 0.1%
Other productsClose extended list 80.4%

Source: Comtrade

 

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Commercial Policy

Main International Economic Cooperation
Member of World Trade Organisation
There is a cooperation agreement with the European Union in force since 2004. It allows industrial goods to enter duty free within Europe. A free trade agreement was signed with 4 countries of EFTA (European Free Trade Association) in 2007 and with Turkey in 2005. The agreement of Agadir between Egypt, Morocco, Jordan and Tunisia entered in force since April 2007.

Egypt is part of the Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA), a pact of the Arab League entered into force in January 2005 which aims to form an Arabic free trade area. Egypt also belongs to the East African circle with the common market of eastern and southern Europe (COMESA) which should lead to a customs union.

The country have signed a trade agreement with 21 other countries in the São Paulo Round of the Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP).
Assessment of Commercial Policy
Egypt and the WTO
Barriers to exchanges
Barriers to exchanges
Sanitary and phytosanitary barriers
Average Customs Duty (Excluding Agricultural Products)
The weighted average customs duty is 6.9%
 
 
Useful Resources
Website of the Egyptian customs office
Official website of the European commission delegation in Egypt.
National Organization of Intellectual Property
Patents are protected by the Patents' Office which reports to the Education Department. Designs and trademarks are protected respectively by the Office of Designs and Models and Office of Trademarks which are departments of the Trade Register, an administrative service which comes under the Ministry of Trade and Industry. 
It is possible to obtain licenses for using patents and trademarks, but the agreements to use patents which involve payments outside the country must be authorized by the General Authority for Investment (GAFI). As for copyrights, they are handled by authors' societies.
 

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