Political Conditions in India
- Type of State
- India is a federal Republic state based on parliamentary democracy.
- Executive Power
President is the chief of the state and is elected by an electoral college consisting of elected members of both houses of Parliament and the legislatures of the provinces for a five-year term.Prime Minister is the head of the government and is chosen by parliamentary members of the majority party following legislative elections, to serve a term of five years. The President, on the recommendation of the Prime Minister, appoints the Cabinet.
- Legislative Power
- The legislature is bicameral. The Parliament consists of: Council of States and the People's Assembly. People of India enjoy considerable political rights.
- Main Political Parties
- India has a multi-party system with predominance of small regional parties.
The major political parties in the country are:
- Indian National Congress: a major political party involved in India's independence movement
- Bharatiya Janta Party: pro-Hindu, nationalist ideology,
- Communist Party of India: Marxism-Leninism,
- Bahujan Samajwadi Party: draws support from backward classes & religious minorities.
- Current Political Leaders
- President: Mrs. Pratiba Patil (since July 2007) - non-partisan
Prime Minister: Manmohan SINGH (since May 2004, reelected in May 2009) – INC, heading a coalition government with CPI(M) & other parties.
- Next Election Dates
- Presidential: July 2012
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 13 places up compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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The government will have another shot at passing some key economic reforms when parliament meets, but persistently high inflation has largely eroded its political capital, despite some positive talk of late on contentious steps such as opening up the retail sector.
Singapore Rajan, Global Touch Groups (India) on 18 Feb 2011 related to Political Conditions in India
The paper would firstly outline the present poverty situation and the agricultural sector in India and then proceed to look at the effect of the PDS on the Indian economy as a whole. An effort has also been made to estimate the future benefits or losses that PDS might have on the Indian economy as a whole.
Tarumoy Chaudhuri, National Law University on 17 Mar 2010 related to Political Conditions in India
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