Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Indonesia

Posted on: 23 Jan 2012

This report provides the updated technical requirements and regulation on food and agriculture products imposed by Government of Indonesia.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 12/28/2011 GAIN Report Number: ID1150 Indonesia Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards - Narrative FAIRS Country Report Approved By: Dennis Voboril Prepared By: FAS Jakarta Staff Report Highlights: This report provides the updated technical requirements and regulation on food and agriculture products imposed by Government of Indonesia. Executive Summary A comprehensive law concerning foodstuff that controls domestic production, import of foodstuff, processing and distribution was signed in 1996. The food safety control system in Indonesia requires elements of pre-market and post-market control. Pre-market control is conducted by evaluating the food safety of products to ensure the compliance with safety and quality requirements. If a product is found to meet to necessary requirements, the product is provided with registration approval number and it become eligible for the retail market. Post- market control is conducted for food products which have been distributed in the market. The National Agency for Drug and Food Control (BPOM) considers it necessary for Indonesia to focus on the pre- market control due to the wide area of coverage and the sheer geographical nature of Indonesia. The most difficult problem for exporters shipping packaged products for retail may be the requirement that all imported products be registered through BPOM. Additionally, some products require additional approvals from other Government of Indonesia (GOI) regulatory agencies. For example, an import approval recommendation from the Ministry of Agriculture is required in addition to an import permit (SPP) from the Ministry of Trade and from BPOM for food products containing animal-based ingredients. Imports of meat, poultry, dairy and fresh fruit can be subject to shifting regulation and requirements. Food additives require approval from BPOM, and special labeling requirements may apply. Food labels in the form of supplementary label are to be in the Indonesian language and must be easily understood by consumers. Mandatory information includes the product name, weight or volume in metric units, composition or a list of ingredients, use by date, production code, BPOM registration number, and the name and address of the manufacturer or importer. Nutritional labeling guidelines were issued in January 2005. The law requires the industry to include nutritional content information on the label. Misleading information is forbidden and breaches are subject to criminal proceedings. Packaging must provide for safety from contamination but no environmental protection regulations apply. There are no laws affecting waste disposal, except as applicable to time expired food. Protection of intellectual property is underdeveloped in Indonesia, but trademarks should be registered to provide an element of protection. The process is not expensive but requires two years to complete. However, once registered the trademark remains valid indefinitely. Section I. Food Laws: The Act on Food is intended as a legal basis for the regulation, development, and control of the production, processing, the circulation, and/or trade in food and food products. As a legal basis in the field of food, this Act is intended as a reference for various legislative regulations related to food, both already in existence and to be established. Food shall be everything originating from biological sources and water, whether processed or not, which is designated as eatables and beverages for human consumption, including food additive material, food raw material and other materials used in the process of preparation, processing and or the making of eatables or beverages. Food Law No. 7/1996 stated that food as the basic need of humans must always be available sufficiently at any time, safe, with quality, nutritious, and diversified at a price which is within reach of the buying power of the community. To achieve all that, a food system needs to be established which would provide protection, both to the food producers and consumers, and not in contradiction with the conviction of the community. The production activities or process of food to be circulated or traded must fulfill the provisions on sanitation of food, food additives, pollutant residue, and food packaging. Another matter which ought to be paid attention to by everyone producing food is the use of certain methods in the food production activities or process which has the possibility to give rise to a risk which may harm or endanger human health, such as genetic engineering or irradiation, must be done on the basis of certain requirements. The provisions on food safety, quality, nutrition, food label, and advertisement do not apply to produced and or circulated with in the territory of Indonesia only, but also for food imported into the territory of Indonesia. The Food Law No. 7/1996 contains the principle of: a. The technical requirements on food, covering the provisions on food safety, food quality and nutrition, food label and advertisements, as a food standardization system of an overall nature. b. The responsibility of every person producing, storing, transporting, and or circulating food and the appropriate legal sanctions in order encourage the fulfillment of the provisions which have been laid down. c. The role of the Government and the community in the realizing a level of food sufficiently at home and the diversification of the food consumed in manner not contradictory to the convictions of the community d. The task of the Government to promote and develop the national food industry, in particular in the efforts to improve the national food image and export. Other significant legislation concerning food and agricultural imports include: Act Number 6 of 1967 concerning Essential Stipulations for Animal Husbandry and Health of Livestock Act Number 12 of 1992 concerning Cultivation of Plants Act Number 16 of 1992 concerning Animal, Fish, & Plant Quarantine Act Number 23 of 1992 concerning Health Act Number 9 of 1995 concerning Small Business Act Number 7 of 1996 on Food Act Number 20 of 1997 concerning Non-Tax Government Revenue Act Number 8 of 1999 concerning Consumer Protection Act Number 15 of 2001 concerning Trade Mark Act Number 19 of 2002 concerning Copy right Act Number 31 of 2004 concerning Fisheries Act Number 10 0f 1995 and Law Number 17 of 2006 concerning Customs Tariffs Act Number 11 of 1995 and Law Number 39 of 2007 concerning Excise Act Number 20 of 2008 concerning Micro, Small, and Medium Business Act Number 18 of 2009 concerning Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Act Number 13 of 2010 concerning Horticulture In addition to the Acts listed above there are a number of Presidential Instructions, Ministerial Regulations, Ministerial Decisions and Departmental Determinations that regulate food production, import, and distribution. The most relevant of these are in the attachments. Gradually, additional government regulations to implement the provisions have been released. However, some of its provisions still have not been enacted or updated from the previous regulation. For example, the approved food additives list issued in 1988 has not been updated. Until the required regulations are in force, the affected provisions of the Act would not be enforced. Many of Indonesia‟s regulations related to marketing food are unclear and confusing and therefore either not enforced at all, or are only enforced in a haphazard manner. While a review of relevant regulations is important, the reality of what actually occurs in practice may be quite different. Therefore, it is essential that exporters confer with local importers/agents to determine prevailing requirements on imports. Section II. Labeling Requirements: In Food Law, food label and advertisement rule is found under Chapter IV, article 30 to 35. The Government Regulation No 69/1999 has been released as a guideline to implement the food label and advertisement rule. At the end of 2003, the head of BPOM published guidelines food labeling to implement Government Regulation No. 69/1999 on Label and Food Advertisement. A. General Requirements Food label is any information concerning food in the form of a picture, writing, a combination of both, or another form accompanying the food, which is putting in, affixed to or constituting part of the food packing. Any person producing or importing food which is packed for sale (not institutional packed for the food service sector) into the territory of Indonesia is obligated to place a label on, within and or at the packing of the food. The supplementary label shall be done in such away so as to not easily come off, fade or be damaged, and shall be placed in a visible and readable position of packages. However, it is unclear whether the supplementary label can be affixed prior to export, prior to customs clearance, or prior to distribution to the retail sector. Statements or claims on the benefit of the food product shall only be included if they are supported by scientific facts which can be accounted for. The label at least contains information concerning: a. The name of the product; b. Net weight or net contents; c. Name and address of the party which produces or imports the food into the territory of Indonesia, d. Registration Number e. The list of material used; f. The expiry date, month and year. g. Date and or production code In addition to the information above, the Government may determine other information which must or is prohibited from being mentioned on food labels. The information on the label shall be written or printed in the Indonesian language, Arabic numeric and Roman text. The use of foreign terms may be conducted as long as there is no equivalence. To enforce the Law, the BPOM issued a circular letter on September 1, 2010 to Indonesian food importers and distributors mandating the use of the Indonesian language on the labels of all packaged food products imported for retail purposes. In order to support the truth of the “halal” statement, anybody producing or importing packed food into the territory of Indonesia for trading shall have the said food first examined by accredited inspection agencies pursuant to the laws enforce. The use of backgrounds, in the form of picture and colors and other decoration, which can obscure the writing in the main part of label, shall be prohibited. B. Requirements for Other Specific Labeling Requirements Alcoholic Beverage Alcoholic beverages must states: “MINUMAN BERALKOHOL”, DIBAWAH UMUR 21 TAHUN ATAU WANITA HAMIL DILARANG MINUM (prohibited for use by people under 21 years or pregnant women) on the label. Alcohol content Baby Foods On baby food it is not permissible to state or imply that the food can replace mother's milk. Biotechnology A government regulation issued in 1999 requires labels and special logos to be on packaging of food containing transgenic ingredients, although this has yet to be enforced. ” PANGAN REKAYASA GENETIKA” wording shall be stated in labels of food derive from genetic engineering. Reportedly the government will only require labeling of food products containing more than 5 percent content derived from transgenic processes. Food Additive In addition to main label content, labels of food additives shall contain the following matters: the food additives wording, names of groups of food additives, and names of food additives and/or international code numbers. The artificial sweetener information on the label includes: Name of the artificial sweeteners Volume in mg for each sachet Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) Warning: not for food cooked and baked/roasted/grill BPOM regulation in 2007 stated that it is not allowed to put information of free of food additive in food label and advertisement. Food additive includes anti oxidant, anti-caking agent, acidity regulator, artificial sweetener, bleaching, emulsifier, stabilizer, thickener, firming agent, preservative, color, flavor and flavor enhancer, and sequestrant. The statement includes the word “free”, “without”, “not content”, or other similar words. The BPOM once again re-enforced the regulation by issuing circular letter February 29, 2008. The statement “free from food additive” may not allow appearing on the label for product distributed after October 1, 2008. Food Content Pork On products derived from swine: the words "MENGANDUNG BABI." (Contains Pork) to be written in red 'universe medium corps 12' font and enclosed in a red rectangle together with a drawing of a pig. Food products that can be originating from pork are: gelatin, enzyme, fat, collagen, colostrums, embryo extract, blood extract, hydrolyzed hemoglobin, keratin hair extract, placenta, protein, thymus extract, thymus hydrolisate, stomach extract, ingredients, oil, shortening, thickeners, emulsifiers, stabilizers, l- cystein, monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides. Irradiation Irradiated packaged food must carry the words "RADURA: PANGAN IRADIASI" (Irradiated food), the reason for irradiation and this logo. Also required are the name and address of the radiation facility, the month and year of irradiation, and the country in which the process was carried out. If the food cannot be re-irradiated, then the label should include the word: “TIDAK BOLEH DIRADIASI ULANG” (Not to be re-irradiated). Natural Raw Materials Food made of natural raw materials can be given labels containing information that the food derived from the natural ingredients whenever the food containing the relevant natural raw materials not less than the minimum content set forth in the Indonesian National Standard. Organic Processed foods that meet with the organic processed foods requirements may use the words organic and Indonesia‟s organic logo on their labels as follows. Certain Processed Food on Labels Information on labels on processed food for infants, children below five, pregnant or breast feeding mothers, people on specials diets, elders and suffers of certain diseases, shall contain information on the portion size, method of use and/or other necessary instruction, including impacts of the food on human health. Nutritional Labeling Nutritional label is mandatory for certain products that have a claim in its label, such as baby food. Following is the information that should be included in the Nutrient Facts: a. Serving size b. Serving per container/package c. Calories per serving d. Protein per serving (gram) e. Carbohydrate per serving (gram) f. Fat per serving (gram) g. Percentage of recommended nutrition value Nutrition value should be based on the 2000 calories diet, for infant a toddler 4-24 months, and toddler 2-5 years. Information on the content of nutrition of food shall be mentioned in label whenever the food being accompanied by statements that the food contains vitamins, minerals and or other kinds of nutrition supplement; or being required on the basis of provisions of laws enforce in the fields of food quality and nutrition, to add vitamins, minerals and/or other kinds of food nutrition. The statements on label that foods is a source of a nutrition substance shall not be prohibited as long as the volume of nutrition in the relevant food is at least 10% higher than the recommended daily nutrition adequacy volume in a dose for the food. However, the statements on labels that food contains a nutrition substance more superior that other food products shall be prohibited. In Food Product Label Guidelines 2004, BPOM divides claims for six classes: 1. Nutrition function claims: claims that explain physiological and physical function and its growth. Nutrition function is allowed if the product contains 5% higher than recommended daily consumption per serving. 2. Nutrition content claims 3. Diet claims 4. Nutrition comparison claims: claims that compare the level of nutrition and or energy level of two or more food with the use of less, less than, fortified, more than, light, extra, etc. Fortified claim is allowed for food contains vitamin, mineral, protein, fiber or Potassium minimal 10% above recommended daily consumption per serving. Light claim is allowed for food with calorie contains 1/3 below normal products, or contains 50% fat, or 50% Sodium. 5. Health claims; A claim for benefits to health must be based on product composition and normal daily consumption. However, there is no product with health claim has approved by BPOM till today. 6. Halal claims: If the product has been approved as meeting Indonesian Islamic Standards. In addition to the above claims, there are statements that are prohibited on the label. Standard U.S. label does not consider false or misleading but it is different with Indonesian standard label. For example, Indonesia already has their own Recommended Daily Intake (AKG in Indonesian term) that was designed for Indonesian consumer. However, the standard U.S. nutritional fact panel format is acceptable. Section III. Packaging and Container Regulations: Food packing is the material, used to contain and/or pack food, whether directly touching the food or not. Any person producing food to be circulated is prohibited from using any material as food packing which is declared prohibited and or which may release contaminants which are harmful or endangered human health. In Food Law, food package is found under Chapter II, article 16 to 19. BPOM released food packaging guidelines through the Head of BPOM regulation No. HK 00.05.55.6497 in August 20, 2007. This decree lists the materials permitted or prohibited for food package. In addition, Head of BPOM released a regulation on the Controlling the Importation of Food Packaging Material on April 2009. This regulation provides list of approved packaging material for food includes raw material and additional material for the packaging. Raw material includes plastic, cellophane, paper, cardboard, rubber, elastomers, metal, metal alloys, ceramic, glass. Additional material includes material which has a function of antimicrobial, preservative, sanitizing, blowing, adhesive, anticorrosive, antistatic and/or antifogging, clarifying, colorant, emulsifier and/or, surface active, lubricant, plasticizer, release, filler, stabilizer, antiblocking, antifoulant, modifier, and bleaching. However Minister of Industry issued a regulation on February 12, 2010 required all food packages must put the logo and recycle code on the package. The regulation was put into effect 6 months after it was signed. There are no industry regulations or practices applicable to package size. The metric system is used for weights and measures. Waste disposal is not regulated, except as covered in Section VI for time expired food. Section IV. Food Additives Regulations: Any person producing food to be circulated is prohibited from using whatever material as food additives which are declared as prohibited or exceeding the maximum threshold limit which has been determined. The Government shall further determine the materials which are prohibited and or which can be used as food additives in the food production activities or process, as well as the maximum threshold limit. Regulation No. 02592/B/SK/VIII/91 issued by the Director General for Control of Food and Medicine, states that all uses of food additives require approval. The regulation details the process to request approval, including sample forms. Approval is the prerogative of the Director of Food Safety Evaluation, BPOM. The regulation states that approval will be based on an assessment according to guidelines prepared by the head of BPOM. Other related regulations concerning food additives include the Head of BPOM decrees of 2008 and 2004, Ministry of Health regulation of 1999, Director General for the Control of Food and Medicine regulation of 1991, and Director General Control of Food and Medicine decree in 1990. Unfortunately, lists of approved and unapproved food additives are not available in English. Approved food additives may be used subject to limitations or conditions outlined in the approval. They may also be used in other food products provided that their use does not violate the conditions identified by the government for that product. A food additive product from an animal source must also have a certificate of conformity with Islamic purity, "Halal". That certificate is to be issued by the responsible authority in the country of origin. Food additives produced, imported, or distributed must comply with the Indonesian Food Codex or conditions approved by BPOM. For food additives not listed in the Indonesian Codex, or not having conditions determined by BPOM, then the FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission, Food Chemicals Codex, or appropriate European or FDA regulation applies. Head of BPOM regulation No. 00.05.5.1.4547 dated October 21, 2004 provides the guidelines on using the artificial sweeteners for food. There are only 13 types of artificial sweeteners approved for food, includes Alitame, Acesulfame potassium, Aspartame, Isomalt, Lactytol, Maltitol, Mannitol, Neotame, Saccharin, Cyclamates, Xylitol, Sorbitol, Sucralosa. Sorbitol is allowed to be used on food with the following requirements: Candy: maximum 99% content Chewing gum: maximum 75% content Jam and Jelly: maximum 30% content food product using oven: maximum 30% content It is mandatory to put warning on the label for Phenylketonuria: contains phenylalanine for products using aspartame. Excessive consumption will trigger laxative effect for product using laktitol, manitol or sorbitol Artificial sweeteners are not allowed to be used for processed consumed by baby, infant, pregnant women, and breast feeding mother. Other food additives guidelines are still following Ministry of Health regulation No. 722/MENKES/PER/IX/1988 that provide positive additive list. Section V. Pesticides and Other Contaminants: Maximum Residual Limit of Pesticides and other contaminants in food and fresh agricultural products are positively and generally regulated in the Food Law No. 7/1996 under the food safety chapter. The Food Law No. 7/1996, with regard to pesticide, microbial, chemical, and heavy metal contamination, has been translated into more detail and operational languages in the form of the following regulations: Government Regulation (PP) No. 28/2004 on safety, quality, and nutrition of food products. The PP has mandated ministry of agriculture and ministry of marine & fishery to arrange the guidance called “Good Fresh Food Production Practices”. As a follow-up of PP No. 28/2004, Ministry of Marine & Fishery issued Ministerial Decree No. 02/2007 about “Good Aquaculture Practices”. This ministerial decree emphasizes that the source of water being used in fish rearing process must be free from the contamination of pesticide, pathogenic microbes, hazardous chemicals, and heavy metal. In line with the security regulation on fresh food of fish origin, Ministry of Agriculture also issued ministerial decree No. 27/PERMENTAN/PP.340/5/2009 that sets the maximum residue limit of pesticide on imported as well as exported fresh food of plant origin such as fruits, vegetables, cereal, and legumes. This ministerial decree has been effectively enforced since August 19, 2009. Ministry of Agriculture also issued Joint Decree No: 881/Menkes/SKB/VIII/1996, 711/Kpts/TP.270/8/96 with Ministry of Health that rules metal contamination and microscopic organism contamination. With regard to pesticide residues, the joint decree states that: o The maximum allowable residue for products directly or indirectly consumed by humans is as per the appended list. (Ref: Joint Decree of the Minister of Health and Minister of Agriculture No: 881/Menkes/SKB/VIII/1996, 711/Kpts/TP.270/8/96). o Agricultural products circulated in Indonesia, whether locally produced or imported, are not permitted to contain higher levels of pesticide than those in the list. o Agricultural products imported with greater than the allowed pesticide residue must be refused. o Tests for pesticide residue are to be conducted in a laboratory appointed by the Minister of Health or the Minister of Agriculture. o The Minister of Health and the Minister of Agriculture will monitor and enforce the joint decree according to their tasks and functions. The list appended to the joint decree includes 218 pesticides and a number of potentially contaminated agricultural products for each pesticide. This regulation can be obtained from Directorate General of Horticulture, Ministry of Agriculture. There is no provision for use of alternative standards, for example CODEX, for pesticides not listed. Regulation No. 03725/B/SK/VII/89 issued by the Director General for Control of Food and Medicine specifies maximum allowable levels for heavy metal contamination. The list covers six metals, arsenic, lead, copper, zinc, tin, and mercury. For each element an allowable level is specified for fifteen food classes, for example fruit and fruit products, soft drinks, and meat and derived products. The final category is "other food not listed above" thus making the list comprehensive. Similarly, Regulation No. 03726/B/SK/VII/89 issued by the Director General for Control of Food and Medicine lists sixteen classes of food and gives allowable limits for specified micro-organisms in the food categories. Maximum Limit of Microbial and Chemical Pollutants in Food is regulated under Head of BPOM regulation No. HK 00.06.1.52.4011. Standards of food safety must be fulfilled to prevent food from possible threat of biological pollutants, chemical pollutants, and other materials that may disturb, harm, and endanger human health. Pollutants as set forth in this regulation include microbial and chemical pollutants. Chemical pollutants include heavy metal, mycotoxin, and other chemical pollutants. Types of pollutants and maximum limit of pollutants is attached to the regulation. Control of food pollutant shall be performed by the Agency Head and shall include pre-market evaluation and post- market control. Lists giving maximum allowable contamination of pesticide, metal, and microscopic organisms can be obtained from BPOM. Section VI. Other Regulations and Requirements: In March 2008 (HK.00.05.23.1455), BPOM released a regulation that stated all imported processed food, food raw materials, food additives, processing aids, food ingredients, and others must obtain import approval from the head of BPOM for every shipment. This regulation re enforces the registration of imported food for retail purpose. The registration process should be conducted by a local agent or importer. Typically, it takes longer than the officially reported time frame and costs more than the published rate. Detailed requirements from the food manufacture and product samples are needed for the registration process, which can be sent to the local agent or importer. Product Registration (ML) Any processed food either produced domestically or imported into Indonesian territories for trade in retail packaging shall obtain the registration approval letter prior to distribution. The objective is to protect consumers from products which do not comply with the current regulations related to safety, quality, nutrition, and labeling. Procedure for registration refers to the Decree of the Head of BPOM No. HK 00/05.1.2569 on Criteria and Procedure of Food Safety Evaluation stipulated on 31 May 2004. Law and regulations related to food product registration: Law No. 23 of 1992 on Health Law No. 7 of 1996 on Food Law No. 8 of 1999 on Consumer Protection Government Regulation No. 69 of 1999 on Food Labeling and Advertising Government Regulation No. 28 0f 2004 on Food Safety, Quality and Nutrition Processed food exempted from the obligation to possess a registration approval letter shall be the food that has 7 days shelf life in a room temperature and/or imported into Indonesian territories in small quantities for the purpose of requesting the registration approval letter, scientific research, or self- consumption. While the regulation indicates that small quantities for personal consumption do not require registration, Customs officials decide the quantity permissible and so even small quantities have been seized and subjected to approval procedures. Registration Application Procedure Requirements for imported products: Letter of appointment for the company of origin Health Certified or Certificate of Free Sale from the authorities of the country of origin Or Declaration of Conformity and Letter of Appointment from U.S. distributors that are notarized and accompanied by documents which verifies that both notary and the company/distributor are legal entity within the United States. Food sample in the original packaging Fulfillment of Registration Form: FORM A: Letter of authorization mentioning name and title of the company‟s person in charge and the registration officer (valid for 3 months) Fill in the brand name, product category, net weight, packaging materials, company‟s name (Repacked/Licensed/Importer) and the address Name, signature of person in charge and stamp of the company FORM B: List of Ingredients Food additives and packaging specification GMO/Non GMO statement for corn, soybean, potato and their derivative products. The origin of ingredients (vegetable/animal) for protein, L-sistein, enzyme, colostrums, fat, oil, shortening, thickening agents, emulsifiers, stabilizers, mono-/di/triglyceride, collagen, gelatin, and other/ingredients suspected to e originated from animals. For meat and meat products: Domestic products: statement from animal slaughtering house Imported products: recommendation from Ministry of Agriculture of The Republic of Indonesia for ruminants and their derivative products Flow chart of manufacturing process, Production Code, Expiry Date Information Original certificate of analysis of product including chemical, food additive, microbiological and heavy metal contamination (less than 1 year) LABELING (Colored) Main part of label should at least bear: Brand name Product category Net or volume weight Name and address of the manufacturer or importer Registration number approved: BPOM RI ML… Other part of label should bear: Ingredients Best before (date/month/year) Production code Nutrition Facts declaration in accordance with Guidelines for Nutrition facts on Food Label Label should at least use Indonesian language. Testing Based on the Government Regulation No. 28 of 2004 on Food safety, Quality, and Nutrition, the examination in the laboratory shall be carried out in government laboratories or any laboratories accredited by the national Accreditation Committee or any Accreditation Institutions acknowledged by the National Accreditation Committee. BPOM is authorized to determine the types of processed food that should be examined prior to distribution. Certification List of the import documents required can be seen in FAIRS Export Certificate Report. Special Documentations or Conformity Assessment In May 2010, BPOM accepted Declaration of Conformity and Letter of Appointment from US distributor that notarized and accompanied by a document which verifies that both notary and the company/distributor have legal entity in the United States to replace the following Letter of appointment for the company of origin Health Certified or Certificate of Free Sale from the authorities of the country of origin Both documents are needed to register the imported products (ML) in BPOM. Section VII. Other Specific Standards: Alcoholic Beverages (Wine and Spirits) There are three categories of alcoholic beverages: „Category A‟ containing zero to five percent alcohol; „Category B‟ containing greater than 5 percent and less than 20 percent alcohol; and „Category C” containing 21 - 55 percent alcohol. Per January 2010, Ministry of Trade regulation allowed registered importers of alcoholic beverages to import duty-paid alcoholic beverage products. Previously, duty-paid and duty-free alcoholic beverages were imported only through a state owned company, as was directed by the Ministry of Trade. The regulation states that the companies that import duty paid alcoholic beverages must apply for an imported-alcoholic beverages permit (IT-MB) through the Directorate General of Foreign Trade. The main requirement for the IT-MB application is having the assignment letter authorized by country of origin Public Notary and Commercial Attache in the country of origin from 20 Principle of foreign brand/manufacturer from at least 5 countries and able to purchase minimum 3,000 carton /brand/year and also has distributor at least in six provinces(Minister of Trade regulation No: 53/M_DAG/PER/12/2010). The IT-MB is valid for three years and can be extended. The state owned company is still appointed by the Minister to import duty free alcoholic beverages. The type and amount of the imported alcoholic beverage products allocated to fulfill national demand is determined by the Ministry of Trade and issued annually. The ports of entry for imported duty paid alcoholic beverages include the Belawan sea port, Medan: the Tanjung Priok sea port, Jakarta: the Tanjung Emas sea port, Semarang: the Tanjung Perak sea port, Surabaya: and the Soekarno Hattta sea port, Makassar: as well as all Indonesian international airports. Distribution and sale of alcoholic Beverages Category B and C is under the government control. Direct sales are only allowed for duty paid alcoholic beverages, including categories A, B, and C, for on-site consumption at hotels, restaurants, bars, pubs and night clubs. Duty free shops are allowed to sell duty free alcoholic beverages, including categories A, B, and C in certain locations. The direct selling and/or retail of alcoholic beverages and alcoholic beverage products to people under the age of 21 year is prohibited in Indonesia. On March 17, 2010, the Ministry of Finance issued Regulation No. 62/PMK.011/2010, which consists of a higher excise tax on ethyl alcohol, beverages containing ethyl alcohol, and concentrates containing ethyl alcohol. This regulation also states that the luxury tax will no longer be applied to those products as of April 1, 2010. The following tables reflect the new rates of the excise tax: 1. Ethyl Alcohol or Ethanol Category Ethyl Alcohol Content Excise Tax (per liter) Produce domestically Import For all kind of ethyl alcohol, level, and category Rp. 20,000 Rp. 20,000 2. Beverages Containing Ethyl Alcohol Category Ethyl Alcohol Content Excise Tax (per liter) Produce domestically Import A Up to 5% Rp. 11,000 Rp. 11,000 B >5% to 20% Rp. 30,000 Rp. 40,000 C >20% Rp. 75,000 Rp. 130,000 3. Concentrate Contain Ethyl Alcohol Category Ethyl Alcohol Content Excise Tax (per liter) Produce Import domestically For all type of concentrate, level, and category, as a material or Rp. 100,000 Rp. processing aid for producing beverages containing ethyl alcohol 100,000 Previously beside the excise tax there was a luxury tax at 75% rate. On April 7, 2010, the Ministry of Finance issued Regulation No. 82/PMK.011/2010, which imposed new import duties on alcoholic beverages containing ethyl alcohol. This regulation effectively changed the tariff from an ad valorem tariff to a specific tariff. Product Shelf Life To comply with the Minister of Health decree concerning expired food, BPOM issued circular letters Number 0018/BB/EM/4.4/IV/90 and Number 0026/BB/EM/4.4/V/90 (implemented on August 1990) that outline the expiry dates for imported package food products as follow: Product shelf life Arrival at the destination port must be: >= 2 years 1.5 years before the expiry date 1 year 8 months before the expiry date 6 months 4 months before the expiry date 3 months 2 months before the expiry date Fresh Fruit and Vegetables On January 27, 2006, the Minister of Agriculture issued a decree on the requirements and plant quarantine actions for the importation of fresh fruit and vegetables into the territory of the Republic of Indonesia No. 37/Kpts/HK.060/1/2006. The purpose of this rule is to ensure that fresh fruit and vegetables are free from fruit flies. A plant phytosanitary certificate from the country of origin or country of transit and entry through the specified seven ports is mandatory. Importation of fresh fruit and vegetables originating from pest free producing areas must be declared in the Additional Declaration section of the plant phytosanitary certificate that accompanies the shipment. Importation from production areas not pest-free must be given a treatment that may take the form of cold treatment with temperature appropriate for fresh fruit and vegetables and for the prevention of the appropriate pest. The treatment must be declared in the treatment section of the phytosanitary certificate. Imported fresh fruit and vegetable treatments were identified in the Head of the Agricultural Quarantine Agency Decree No. 53/Kpts/HK.060/3/06 of March 2006. Following is the imported fresh fruit and fresh vegetable allowable treatment: 1. Cold treatment for a. Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wied) and Anasrepah spp, Rhagoletis spp Temperature Duration (days) 0.00C (320F) 12 0.550C (330F) 13 1.10C (340 F) 14 1.60 C (350 F) 16 2.20 C (360 F) 16 b. Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni Frogg) and Bactrocera spp, Rioxa spp Temperature Duration (days) 0.00C (320F) 13 0.550C (330F) 14 1.10C (340 F) 15 2. Vapor Heat Treatment (VHT) a. for Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wied) and Bactrocera spp Temperature Duration (minutes) 44.40 C (1120 F) 525 b. for Anastrepha spp Temperature Duration (minutes) 43.30 C (1100 F) 360 3. Fumigation with Methyl Bromide (CH3Br) For all type of fruit files Dose Temperature Duration (minutes) 32 gram per m3 ≥ 210 C 120 40 gram per m3 ≥160-200 C 120 48 gram per m3 ≥ 110-150 C 120 In December 2006, the Head of the Agricultural Quarantine Agency released decree No. 348/Kpts/PD.540.220/12/06 to establish California as a free area for Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) in the United Sates. In an August 2008 letter, the Director General of Indonesian Agricultural Quarantine Agency clarified that in-transit cold treatment is acceptable for all kinds of fruits and that the treatment must be identified in the Additional Declaration on the phytosanitary certificate. The statement should be: “The cold treatment is conducted during in-transit and monitored by time and temperature recorder(s) in order to meet the requirements of IAQA (Indonesian Agricultural Quarantine Agency). An “Import plan” for fresh fruit and vegetables that indicates the amount, type of product, brand, type of packaging, type of transportation, container information, country of origin, entrance port, and transit location should be submitted to the Head of Operational Plant Quarantine with attention to the Unit Head of Operational Plant Quarantine in the destination port prior to the loading of the goods in the country of origin. The GOI has recognized the United States‟ Food Safety Control System for Fresh Food of Plant Origin (FFPO). The Director General of the Indonesian Agricultural Quarantine Agency (AQA) issued the recognition of the U.S. FFPO through a ministerial decree. AQA granted its recognition to the United States after reviewing the U.S. application documents, followed by onsite verification conducted in the United States by the AQA team in late October 2009. However, AQA has stated in a response letter that the US FFPO recognition needs to be recertified in March 2012 due to the new requirements stated in the Minister of Agriculture Regulation that will reportedly be issued at the end of 2011. Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) The Government Regulation No. 28/2004 concerning Food Safety, Quality and Nutrition stated that foods contain genetically modified organism shall have to be tested prior to distribution. The Head of Drug and Food Control Control No. HK 00.05.23.3541/2008 on the Guidelines for Food Safety Assessment of Genetically Modified Products pointed out the test that should be conducted by the the Committee of Biosafety for Genetically Modified Product to include: genetic information; includes general description, host description donor organism genetic modification description genetic modification characterization information on the safety of food, includes substantial equivalence, nutrition value alteration, allergenicity and toxicity. Halal Certificate Islamic purity or “halal” is important to a large portion of the Indonesian population. Indonesia requires that imported meat products, except pork, be accompanied by halal certificate issued by an approved halal certifying body in the United States. The Indonesian Council of Ulama (MUI) released the new list of approved halal certifying bodies which includes: halal for cattle slaughtering; halal for the processing industry; halal for flavorings. The approved halal certifier bodies in the United States are as follows: For cattle slaughtering category No. Name of Halal Certifier Body 1. Islamic Information Center of America (IICA), Des Palines, IL 2. Halal Transaction of Omaha, Omaha, NE 3. Islamic Services of America (ISA), Cedar Rapids, IA 4. Halal Food Council USA, Salisbury, MD 5. American Halal Foundation (AHF), Boling Brook, IL 6. Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of America (IFANCA), Chicago, IL For food processing category No. Name of Halal Certifier Body 1. Islamic Information Center of America (IICA), Des Palines, IL 2. Halal Food Council USA, Salisbury, MD 3. Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of America (IFANCA), Chicago, IL 4. American Halal Foundation (AHF), Boling Brook, IL 5. Islamic Services of America (ISA), Cedar Rapids, IA For flavor industry category No Name of Halal Certifier Body 1. Halal Food Council USA, Salisbury, MD 2. American Halal Foundation (AHF), Boling Brook, IL 3. Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of America (IFANCA), Chicago, IL 4. Islamic Services of America (ISA), Cedar Rapids, IA In January 2011, finally MUI has approved the halal certifying bodies for poultry slaughtering to include: No Name of Halal Certifier Body 1. Halal Food Council USA, Salisbury, MD 2. Halal Transaction of Omaha, Omaha, NE 3. Islamic Services of America (ISA), Cedar Rapids, IA 4. Islamic Society of Washington (ISWA), Washington, DC Irradiation Certificates All irradiated imported should be accompanied by a certificate issue by an authorized officers in the country of origin that valid for the batch. Based on the Minister of Health regulation No: 701/Menkes/Per/VIII/2009, there are three approved sources of radiation process by GOI: 1. Gamma irradiator with 60 Co or 137 Cs radioactive 2. X-ray with energy less than and equal to 5 MeV or 3. Electron machine with energy less than equal to 10MeV Following is the type of foods that are allowed to be radiated and its dose. No Type of food Irradiation purpose Maximum dose absorb (kGy) 1 Bulb and root tuber to retard prevent the sprouting during 0.15 storage 2 Fresh vegetable and fruit a. Delay ripeness 1.0 (exclude no 1) b. Kill insect 1.0 c. Extend self life 2.5 d. Quarantine treatment 1.0 (for fruit fly 0.15) 3 Processed vegetable and Extend self life 7.0 fruit 4 Mango Extend shelf life 0.75 combine with hot water (550) for 5 minutes 5 Mangoesten a. Kill insect 1.0 b. Quarantine treatment 1.0 6 Cereal and millet a. Kill insect 1.0 products, bean, oil seed, b. Reduce microbe amount 5.0 peas, dry fruit 7 Fish, fresh and frozen a. Reduce certain pathogen 5.0 seafood microorganism b. Extend self life 3.0 c. Control infection by certain 2.0 parasite 8 Process fish and seafood a. Reduce certain pathogen 8.0 microorganism b. Extend self life 10.0 9 Meat and poultry and a. Reduce certain pathogen 7.0 their process (fresh and microorganism frozen) b. Extend self life 3.0 c. Control infection by certain 2.0 parasite 7.0 d. Kill salmonella bacteria 10 Dry vegetable, a. Reduce certain pathogen 10.0 seasoning, dry herb and microorganism herbal tea b. Kill insect 1.0 11. Food from animal dried a. Kill insect 1.0 animal b. Kill microbe, fungi, mold, khamir 5.0 12 Animal based-ready to Sterilization and kill pathogen 65 eat processed food microorganism includes spora and extend self life microbe Processed Organic Food Organic processed food shall include food from organic fresh food processed by a specific method, with or without allowed food additives. Organic fresh foods used in organic processed foods shall be evidenced by an organic certificate issued by an accredited Certification Institution or verified by Competent Authorized in Indonesia. The certificate for food products to be brought into Indonesia shall be issued by a Certification Institution accredited by the Competent Authorities in the country of origin and legalized by the Competent Authorities in Indonesia (Center for Standardization and Accreditation in Ministry of Agriculture of Republic of Indonesia). Organic fresh foods must contain at least 95% organic fresh food from the total volume or weight, excluding water and salt content. Water and salt content are water and salt added at the time of processing. Food additives and other material allowed in organic processed foods are attached to the regulation. Raw materials, food additives, other materials and organic processed foods shall not be treated with irradiation and not be derived from genetically engineered products. Others Milk products have special regulations Baby food has special regulations Food sanitation laws are contained in the guide to good food manufacturing Animal quarantine regulations for live animals vary and should be consulted before exporting live animals to Indonesia Section VIII. Copyright and/or Trademark Laws: Indonesian copyright law was released in 2002; patent and trademark laws were released in 2001. In 2009, Indonesia was moved back from the U.S. watch list to the U.S. priority watch list for protection of intellectual property. In general a copyright is valid for 50 years and a patent is valid for 10 to 20 years. A trademark should be registered at the Directorate General for Intellectual Property Rights in the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights. Generally, the process requires over 1 year to complete. Once registered, trademarks have to be extended every 10 years. Section IX. Import Procedures: Importer must obtain an import permit (SPP) or import recommendation before product is shipped. Ministry of Trade is responsible for issuing SPP for animal-based processed food after received recommendation from Head of the Drug and Food Control Agency or his officer authorized by Head of the Drug and Food Control Agency, where as an import recommendation for the remaining processed food products and food additive are issued by BPOM. Import documents may be prepared in English, but the level of comprehension by officials is limited. As an example, Customs would not accept the term "cartage" on an invoice as meaning a freight charge because "cartage" is not in the most widely used English-Indonesian dictionary. Documents should be concise, with simple language, and complete. If all documentation is complete, customs clearance can be finished as early as two days (green line) and 5-7 days (red line and yellow line). Incomplete documentation could result in delays of several weeks. Standard documents, such as invoices, regularly used in the domestic market, may not be suitable for imports. For example, invoices that show a list price, a discount percentage, and a total price charged will result in the duty being levied based on the price before discount, because the list price is the "correct" price. A determination by a government official can be appealed. However, the official's determination would invariably be couched in terms of the current legislation and hence would be unlikely to be over-ruled. Indonesian Courts give judgments on the basis of perceived justice, and are not strictly bound by precedent. Hence decisions have a degree of inconsistency and unpredictability. Raw Material for further Processed Food, Food Additive, and Food product for Retail BPOM requires an import recommendation for each shipment includes products to be use for processing ML number. To obtain the recommendation an importer must provide: Application Letter/Input Data via National Single Window (NSW) for RM (Raw Material), FA (Food Additive), RP (Retail Product) containing the following information: o Name and address of importer o Name & address of supplier/exporter o Name & address of manufacturer o Brand name and kind of products o Type of packaging/weight/volume o Quantity of import o Country of origin o Number & Date of Invoice o Number & Date of BL/AWB o Expired Date of products o Lot Number/Batch/Production Code Declaration Letter with Seal Rp. 6,000 for RM & FA o The letter declare that the product is not intended for retail selling Specification of Product for RM & FA o Description/Composition/Ingredient o Physical characteristic o Chemical characteristic o Microbiological characteristic o Type of packaging o Application o Storage; term of Expired date Certificates o Certificate of Health/Certificates of Free Sale from authorized institution in country of origin, still valid (for RM &FA) (show the original) o Certificate of Analysis (for RM, FA & RP) (show the original) o Certificate of Phytosanitary (for agricultural products with minimally processing) for RM & FA) o Certificate of Free Radiation (from milk from Europe) (for RM &RP) o Certificate of Genetic Modified Organism (for soybean, corn, tomato, potato and its products) (for RM, RP & FA) o Certificate of Analysis of 3-Monochloro Propanediol (3-MCPD) ( for Hydrolized vegetables protein, isolated protein, soy sauce( (for RM, FA & RP) o Certificate of Analysis of Aflatoxin (for nuts and peanuts) (for RM & RP) o Certificate of Free KBrO3 (for wheat flour) (for RM&RP) o Certificate of Origin (for products from animal origin-beef powder, etc) (for RM, FA & RP) o Certificate of Indonesian National Standard/SNI (for Bottle drinking water, Salt, Wheat Flour, Cocoa powder, Refine sugar) (for RM&RP) o Certificate of Halal, if product claims “Halal” on Label (for RM, FA & RP). o Certificate of Analysis of Formalin (for product come from China origin) (for RP) o Certificate of Analysis of Melamine for ammonium bicarbonate; milk and milk products; egg and egg product from China origin (for RM) o Certificate of Veterinary Health (for processed meat products) (for RM & RP) o Approval Letter from Directorate General of Animal Husbandry, Ministry of Agriculture (for products come from animal origin) (for RM&RP) Supporting Documents o Copy of registered importer for certain product from Minister of Trade according to Ministry of Trade Regulation No. 56/2008 (for RM &RP) o Legalized copy of registration approval letter (registered as ML No.) and its approved label (for RP) o Copy of Purchase Order o Copy of Invoice o Copy of BL/AWB o Copy of Packing List o Document states expire date or manufacturing date and its shelf life (show the original) o Document states Lot No./Batch/Production Code o Report of Food Additives Rice Imports of specialty rice such as rice for medicinal purposes, 100 percent broken rice, and some other types of rice not produced in Indonesia are allowed only after obtaining approval from the Ministry of Trade based on a written recommendation from the Ministry of Agriculture. Sugar The May 29, 2008 amendment to the Minister of Industry and Trade decree No. 527/MPP/Kep/9/2004 states that plantation white sugar (semi-refined, HS No. 1701.91.00 and 1701.99.90) must have ICUMSA ranging from 70 IU to 200 IU. As a regulated commodity, white sugar can only be imported by the four registered importers, which are also sugar companies that purchase plantation sugar cane from farmers to produce white sugar. Raw sugar and refined sugar can only be imported by processors that will use the raw sugar as a raw material for their production. Also, whenever it deems necessary, the GOI can grant sugar processors permission to import raw sugar, provided that it is used to meet demand, due to domestic production shortfalls. In 2010, registered sugar importers are required to support the sugar price should the price fall below Rp. 6,350/kg (US$ 736/MT) at the farmer level. The GOI limits the issuance of refined sugar import permit for the food and beverage industry to every six months. Imports are strictly prohibited one month prior to, during, and two months after the season when local cane is milled. The beginning and end of the milling seasons is determined by the Minister of Agriculture. The Minister of Trade has the flexibility to appoint other importers of semi-refined sugar when needed to support the domestic price and to maintain the national semi-refined sugar stock. The support is through purchase of farmers‟ sugar cane production in cooperation with a third party that has secured a permit from the local Association of Sugar Cane Farmers. The Directorate General of Foreign Trade in Ministry of Trade must approve the volume of sugar, type of sugar, ports of destination and the valid period of import of sugar imported by ITs. In addition, a surveyor appointed by the Minister of Trade must inspect the shipment in the country of origin. The report will be part of import documentation. The surveyor fees may be borne by the importer. Inspections are not required for imports of sugar intended for research and technological development, samples, promotion, carried as personal belongings, and packages of sugar sent via aircraft. While the Director General in the Ministry of Trade is responsible for approving importers and imports, importers are still required to submit monthly reports to the Directorate General for Import, Ministry of Trade with the copies to the Directorate General for Chemical Industry, Agro, and Forest Products of the Ministry of Trade and to the Directorate General for Estate Crop Productions in the Ministry of Agriculture. Seeds Indonesian seed import procedures are mainly regulated based on the Minister of Agriculture Regulation No. 37 and 38/Permentan/OT.140/8/2006 issued on August 31, 2006. Following is the summary of the regulations: Every seed variety proposed to be released in Indonesia must undergo an adaptation test for seasonal crops or observation test for annual crops. Before conducting the test, the requestor must report to the National Seed Agency (BBN), which evaluates tests and reports the results to the Minister of Agriculture. After completing the test, the license from the variety holder must be attached to the introductory varieties, the parent seed description must be attached to the hybrid varieties, and genetically modified organism must meet bio-security requirements. All written proposals for tested and named variety releases must be submitted to the Minister of Agriculture through BBN. For every introductory hybrid variety, it must be documented that the seed can be produced in Indonesia, and must have attached a guarantee letter from the seed release requestor containing a statement that the F1 hybrid seed will be produced in Indonesia within two years after the date of the release. Based on the BBN recommendation, the Minister of Agriculture can release the variety to the market or reject the variety. A released variety will be published in a Minister Decision letter on variety release, while the seed release requestor of a rejected variety will be informed in a written notification containing the refusal reason. An already released variety can be withdrawn from the market if it is proven to spread new and dangerous pests or disease and cause some loss to the environment and the community. The Minister of Agriculture must provide a license before seed can be imported. To acquire an import license for research purposes, the seed must meet the following requirements: The amount of seed or parent seed is limited to the amount required for research as stated in the summary of the research proposal. The seed or parent seed is not currently available in Indonesia Must be accompanied by a seed description Must comply with the plant quarantine law. The Head of the Agricultural Research and Development Agency will issue the import license for research purposes and must receive a report from the importer after the product has been shipped. Other seeds must meet the following requirements: The variety must be of good quality, be unique, and have a specific use. The amount is limited to what is needed for the seed release preparation. If the seed has already been released in the Indonesian market but the amount is not sufficient to meet domestic demand or the propagation cannot be conducted in Indonesia. Must comply with plant quarantine law. The import license for non-research purposes will be issued by the Director General of each crop (Horticulture, Food Crops, and Estate). The import license can be used for: variety release preparation F1 seed procurement plant observer needs export objective needs Imports of transgenic seeds for non-research purposes must pass bio-security and food security tests. The Head of the Agricultural Research and Development Agency and the Director General of each crop who will issue the import license will coordinate with the Head of the Agricultural Quarantine Agency. To acquire a seed import license, an importer must first submit a written request to the Head of the License and Investment Center (PPI) complete with the Information Required for Seed Introduction/Importation to Indonesia form. The Head of the License and Investment Center will forward the request to each Directorate General or the Head of Agricultural Research and Development Agency as appropriate within 3 working days after receiving the importer request. The decision to accept, postpone or reject the import request will be issued within 10 working days after they receive the request from the Head of PPI. If no notification is received by an importer after 10 working days, it means that the import license request is accepted. The seed import license will be valid for six months, and import must be completed within that period of time. The importer must submit the seed or parent seed import license to quarantine officials at the entrance point. The seed or parent seed importer must: Have a dated record of the imported seed and must keep the record for one year. Report to the Head of the Agricultural Research and Development Agency or Director General with a cc to the Head of PPI on the import progress. In addition to this regulation, the Decision of the Head of the Agricultural Quarantine Agency No. 152/Kpts/PD.540/L/8/03 states that the import of seed must be: accompanied with a Phytosanitary certificate from the country of origin and transit country through the determined entrance point reported and delivered to Plant Quarantine Officials at the entrance point for quarantine treatments accompanied with an Import License from the Ministry of Agriculture or appointed officials accompanied by the original copies of the phytosanitary and import licenses, copies of the invoice, packing list, and airway bill or bill of lading to be produced for review by Quarantine Officials Although no Indonesian quarantine lab has been accredited by ISTA, the Ministry refers to the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization for quarantine inspections and actions. Reportedly, there have been cases where Indonesian lab results indicated the presence of a seed-borne disease not typically found on that seed. There have also been reports that certain pests or diseases declared absent on the phytosanitary certificate was found during the test in the Indonesian lab. When such a case occurs all of the imported seed must be burned, with no chance for re-export. Dairy Products On June 4, 2009, Indonesia announced Law 18/2009, requiring foreign companies that export animal derived products, including dairy products and eggs to Indonesia, to prelist their establishments with the Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture. In order to get an import permit, the DGLAHS requires any U.S. dairy establishment wishing to export U.S. dairy products to Indonesia to submit a fulfilled questionnaire form. DGLAHS officials will then do a desk review of the questionnaire and put the name of the establishment into a prelisting. Once the establishment‟s name is on the list, the importer can proceed with the procedure to obtain an import permit. It is important that the importer verify the eligibility of their supplier‟s establishments. Law 18 also stipulates that these dairy products will require halal certification by a U.S. based Islamic center, approved by the MUI. On September 7, 2011, the Indonesian Ministry of Trade issued the Minister of Trade regulation no. 24/M-DAG/PER/9/2011 on the Import and Export of Animal and Animal Products. The new regulation stated that imports of animal and animal products, such as NFDM and whole milk powder, can only be done by registered importer of animal and animal products. A registered importer of animal and animal products wishing to import must obtain an import permit from the Indonesian Minister of Trade. The Minister of Trade will delegate the authority to issue import permit to the Director General (DG) for Foreign Trade of the Indonesian Ministry of Trade. For imports of dairy products from the United States, a Free Sale Certificate or Health Certificate from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)/Agriculture Marketing Service (AMS) must be attached to the other document provided to Indonesian dairy importer to obtain BPOM recommendation. Meat and Poultry Products An Import Permit (SPP), issued by the Ministry of Trade, must accompany every import of poultry, meat, and other animal based food. The SPP will be issued after getting the Import Recommendation Approval (RPP) from the Ministry of Agriculture (Directorate General for Livestock Animal Health Service (DGLAHS) for live animal and animal products) or from National Agency for Food and Drug Control (BPOM) for processed animal products. In a letter, requesting the RPP, importers must indicate the product being imported, quantity, and destination (restaurant, hotel, wet market, etc.). Currently only approved meat and poultry establishment are allowed to export the products to Indonesia. The importer should submit the RPP and then SPP
Posted: 23 January 2012

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