Trade Policy and Regulations in Algeria
Foreign Trade in Figures
Algeria has an open economy, foreign trade representing three quarters of the GDP.
Algerian exports grew by 223% between 2002 and 2008, mainly due to the explosion of world’s oil prices, oil representing the near totality of the country’s exports. During this period, the trade balance has generated a significant surplus giving Algeria comfortable foreign currency reserves (USD 150 billion in 2009). Unfortunately, in 2010, the drop in global oil prices and the sustained high levels of imports have lead to a significant worsening of the Algerian trade balance. This should nevertheless remain in surplus in 2011.
The main trade partners of Algeria are the European Union, the NAFTA countries (Free Trade Agreement between United States, Canada, and Mexico) and China.
|Foreign Trade Indicators||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010|
|Imports of Goods (million USD)||21,456||27,631||39,479||39,294||40,212|
|Exports of Goods (million USD)||54,613||60,163||79,298||45,194||55,200|
|Imports of Services (million USD)||4,492||6,334||10,473||11,203||-|
|Exports of Services (million USD)||2,511||2,781||3,420||2,794||-|
|Imports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change)||2||8||7||17||-|
|Exports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change)||-2||-1||2||-3||-|
|Foreign Trade (in % of GDP)||70||70||69||77||-|
|Imports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP)||22||23||23||36||-|
|Exports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP)||49||47||46||40||-|
Source: WTO - World Trade Organization ; World Bank
Main Partner Countries
(% of Exports)
|Other partnersClose extended list||35.5%|
(% of Imports)
|Other partnersClose extended list||48.3%|
- Main International Economic Cooperation
Cooperation agreement with the European Union
Member of the African Union
Member of the Arab League
Member of the Arab Maghreb Union
Member of the Arab Free Trade Zone (AFTZ).
The country have signed a trade agreement with 21 other countries in the São Paulo Round of the Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP).
- Assessment of Commercial Policy
Algeria and WTO
Barriers to exchanges
- Average Customs Duty (Excluding Agricultural Products)
- 0 to 30%
- Useful Resources
The Algerian Customs website
- National Organization of Intellectual Property
- Patents, trademarks and copyright are protected in Algeria. For patents, requests for information should be made to the Algerian Institute of Standardization and Industrial Property (INAPI). Concerning trademarks, the request should be made to the National Trade Register Center (CNCR).
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