Political Conditions in Argentina
- Type of State
- The official name of Argentina is the Republic of Argentina. It is a federal republic based on parliamentary democracy.
- Executive Power
- Executive power is held by the President of the Argentine nation. It is his/her responsibility to respond to national interests.
The President is the supreme head of the country, head of government, the politician responsible for the general administration of the country and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The president is elected by universal suffrage for four years and can be re-elected for two consecutive terms of office. The vice-president is elected with him/her. The president appoints the Council of Ministers.
Argentina has 23 provinces and 1 autonomous federal district, which have retained some powers which do not belong to the federal government. They elect their own legislators and provincial governors.
- Legislative Power
The legislative power is composed of a two-chamber parliament: a lower chamber, the Chamber of Deputies elected for 4 years by direct universal suffrage, and an upper chamber, the Senate elected for 6 years also by direct universal suffrage.
The parliament is called Congreso Nacional (National Congress).
- Main Political Parties
- The country has two large political parties: the PJ (Partido Justicialista, also called the Peronist Party) and the UCR (Civic Radical Union). Traditionally, the UCR has a more middle class, urban electorate, and the PJ an electorate of workers. But today both parties have a wider electoral base. The smaller parties, like the center-right PRO (Republican Initiative for Alliance) and, further left, the ARI (Argentina for an Egalitarian Republic) occupy different positions in the political spectrum, and some are only active in a few provinces.
- Current Political Leaders
President : Cristina FERNANDEZ de KIRCHNER (since 2007)
Vice President : Julio COBOS
- Next Election Dates
Presidential elections:october 2011
Chamber of Deputies and Senate:october 2011
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 21 places up compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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