Foreign Direct Investment in Argentina

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FDI in Figures

FDI influx into Argentina which were growing steadily since 2004 halved in 2009 as an effect of the global economic recession. They should continue their recovery which began in 2010.  Argentina ranks 4th amongst the South American countries that attract the most FDI flow (after Colombia, Brazil and Chile). The three main investors in Argentina are the United States, Spain and France.  Argentina's poor ranking in this classification is due the disastrous image conveyed by the country during the economic crisis which affected its economy between the end of 90s and the beginning of 2000. Nevertheless, Argentina has clear strenghts: its natural resources are considerable (copper, gas and oil) and its workforce is highly-skilled and competitive.


Country Comparison For the Protection of Investors

  Argentina Latin America & Caribbean United States Germany
Index of Transaction Transparency* 6.0 4.1 7.0 5.0
Index of Manager’s Responsibility** 2.0 5.3 9.0 5.0
Index of Shareholders’ Power*** 6.0 6.0 9.0 5.0
Index of Investor Protection**** 4.7 5.1 8.3 5.0

Source: Doing Business

Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.

Foreign Direct Investment 2007 2008 2009
FDI Inward Flow (million USD) 6,473 9,726 4,895
FDI Stock (million USD) 67,574 77,066 80,996
Performance Index*, Ranking on 141 Economies 103 87 91
Potential Index**, Ranking on 141 Economies 59 60 -
Number of Greenfield Investments*** 112 120 111
FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****) 10.2 12.7 1.2
FDI Stock (in % of GDP) 25.7 23.3 26.2

Source: UNCTAD

Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.

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Why You Should Choose to Invest in Argentina

Strong Points
A wealth of raw materials, good level of education, a human development indicator noticeably above the Latin American average, and strong growth for several years now.
Weak Points
The banking sector is fragile and under-capitalized; investments in energy are insufficient and inflation is high.
Government Measures to Motivate or Restrict FDI
The government has established various measures to encourage foreign investment in the form of incentives to invest in capital goods and infrastructures, financing programs, capacity promotion (employment and quality amongst others), encouraging innovation and technological development, geographic incentives and sectorial investments.
For further information, consult the ProsperAr website.
Bilateral Investment Conventions Signed By Argentina
Argentina has signed bilateral agreements on investments with 60 countries.
To see the list of countries, click here.
To see the conventions, click here.

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Procedures Relative to Foreign Investment

Freedom of Establishment
Acquisition of Holdings
All sectors of the economy are open to foreign investors, on an equal footing with national investors.
The investment regime is a liberal regime. Foreign investment is not subject to any authorization or declaration, whatever the amount or the activity envisaged, and even if this means taking a majority share in the capital of a local company.
Obligation to Declare
In principle, no declaration.
Requests For Specific Authorizations
There is no declaration, in principle, except for large projects which require the agreement of the competent ministry. For example: the TGV (high speed train) with the Ministry of Infrastructure.
Find Investment Service Providers in Argentina on

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Investment Opportunities

Investment Aid Agency
Prosperar Foundation
Fundacion Invertir Argentina
Tenders, Projects and Public Procurement
Globaltenders, Tenders & Projects from Argentina
Tenders Info, Tenders in Argentina
DgMarket, Tenders Worldwide
Other Useful Resources
Centro de Economia Internacional

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