Contracts in Argentina

Overview by

The Active Population in Figures

Main Indicators 20062007
Labor Force 17 862 36717 668 632
Labor Force (Annual Growth, %) --
Rate of Activity (%) 42.142.1
Unemployment Rate (%) 10.87.5

Source: INDEC

Note: Given that undeclared work is very common in Argentina, the data should be taken with great precaution and are incomplete.

Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force)
Manufacturing industry 11.4%
Shopkeepers 17.5%
Agriculture 8.2%
Construction 5.8%
Public Administration 8.9%
Teaching 8.5%
Social services and health 5.4%

Source: INDEC

For Further Information About the Labor Market
ILO, International Labor Organization

Management of Human Resources



Method of Recruitment
By spontaneous applications, small ads, Internet, recruitment agencies, etc. Every hiring is preceded by an interview.
Recruitment Agencies
Agencies specialized in temporary work: Vediorbis, Adecco,  Michael Page (in Spanish), Korn Ferry.
Recruitment Websites
CompuTrabajo Argentina

The Contract

Type of Contract
Legal measures (laws n° 20744, 24013, 24465 and 24467) govern work contracts; collective agreements and individual negotiation complete them.
The formality of work contracts is very rigid. Hiring and firing procedures are constraining.
Breach of Contracts
  • Retirement
As soon as the employee fulfils the conditions set out in law 24.241, procedures can be started. The employee keeps his job until the procedures are carried out. Men must be 65 and women 60, and have paid in contributions for more than 30 years.
  • Dismissals
The employer initiates dismissals:
- redundancy is either individual or mass redundancy
- dismissal for professional misconduct
- dismissal for incompetence or ineptitude on the part of the employee.
  • Other Possible Methods
Resignation; this is initiated by the employee.
Labor Laws
The World Law Guide - Labor law in Argentina

Dispute Settlement


Conciliation Process

Cases of Dispute
Physical violence, moral harassment, sexual harassment, working conditions.
  • Legal Framework
Private conciliation with the conciliators' organization of the IANCA.
Be careful: conciliation is compulsory.
Voluntary arbitration with a tribunal composed of 3 arbitrators.
  • Procedure
Defined in the Labor Code. Be careful, the laws are provincial, so there may be variations.

Judicial Structures

  • Legal Framework
Law 14.786
  • Competent Legal Body
Court of arbitration

Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Most unions are affiliated to the general labor confederation (CGT). In 1997 the government recognized the smallest federation in Argentina: the Argentine Workers Group (CTA).
Negotiations in Argentina take place at the national level, by sector of activity. The unions are very powerful, especially the truck-drivers' union. The CGT, led by Mr Moyano, is an essential ally for every government.
Unionization Rate
Approximately 40% of workers in the formal economy are unionized.
List of all Argentine unions
Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Labor and Employment

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