Taxes and Accounting in Argentina
- Tax Year
- The tax year begins on 1 January and finishes on 31 December of the same year.
- Accounting Standards
- Argentina is inspired by the American model for company accounting, but with some nuances.
- Accounting Regulation Bodies
Contaduria General de la Nación
Federación Argentina de Consejos Profesionales de Ciencias Economicas
- Accounting Reports
- All commercial companies in Argentina have to draw up certain accounting documents yearly:
- the journal
- the ledger
- the follow up of stock evolution.
Companies are obliged to draw up a balance sheet and a profit and loss account, and to submit them annually for approval by auditors from within or outside the company.
- Publication Requirements
- Reporting is carried out annually.
- Professional Accountancy Bodies
Professional Council of Economic Sciences , Accounting professionals
Contador Publico , Auditors.
Argentine Federation of Economic Sciences Professional Councils , Advisory professionals.
- Certification and Auditing
- The companies have to seek a statutory auditor to conduct an annual audit of the financial health of their organization.
You can contact an external auditor: KPMG Argentina ; Deloitte (in Spanish) ; Price Waterhouse Cooper.
- Accounting News
International Tax Review.
- Nature of the Tax
- Value Added Tax (VAT)
- Tax Rate
- The general rate of VAT is 21% charged on the net price of transactions, but certain public services or subsidiaries of telecommunications companies are subject to a rate of 27%. .
Excise duties, levied as a federal tax, are also collected on some products and services: tobacco, drinks whether they are alcoholic or not, beer, some electronic goods (television, radio, etc.), mobile telephone services, insurance premiums, luxury goods, etc.
- Reduced Tax Rate
- Equipment or production goods, public transport, beef, fresh vegetables, accommodation, interest on loans acquired by Argentine financial institutions, some goods of ownership and equipment, newspapers and magazines are subject to VAT at 10.5%.
- Other Consumption Taxes
- The tax called Ingresos Brutos is a federal tax which is paid to the province for each invoicing. In the Buenos Aires province, the rate is 3%. For more details on rates in other provinces and all other tax issues, consult the Argentina Tax Guide 2010.
- Company Tax
- Tax Rate For Foreign Companies
- Companies domiciled in Argentina are subject to income tax on all their income, whether sourced in Argentina or in a foreign country. Non-resident companies are subject to tax on Argentine source income.
- Capital Gains Taxation
- The tax rate on long-term capital gains is 35%.
- Main Allowable Deductions and Tax Credit
- Expenses are deductible for depreciation or amortization, reserves, rents for premises and equipment, wages, etc. Interests are generally deductible provided they are incurred on loans taken out for business purposes.
- Other Corporate Taxes
- As employees, employers must make social security and health care scheme payments at a rate of 23% to 27% of the salary depending on the activity and the size of the company.
|Natural persons resident in Argentina are liable for income tax.||A progressive tax on their worldwide income from 9 to 35%.|
- Allowable Deductions and Tax Credit
- Under the Income Tax Act, some exemptions are provided for the financial and capital markets, whereby interest on time deposits, government securities, and income from stocks and bonds that are quoted on the Stock Exchange are not subject to tax. Employees are subject to withholding tax at source, for which the employer is responsible (withholding agent).
There are several types of allowances or tax reductions. The amounts vary from 1,200 ARS to 18,000 ARS. For more details consult the Argentina Tax Guide 2010.
- Special Expatriate Tax Regime
- There is no specific tax regime for expatriate.
Double Taxation Treaties
- Countries With Whom a Double Taxation Treaty Have Been Signed
Web site of the Administración Federal de Ingresos Públicos (AFIP)
- Withholding Taxes
- Withholding tax rates are: Dividendes: 0% ; Intérêts: 15.05% - 35% ; Royalties: 21%, 28% ou 31.5%.
Sources of Fiscal Information
- Tax Authorities
Administración Federal de Ingresos Públicos (AFIP)
- Other Domestic Resources
The AFIP library (norms, case laws, various tax documentations).
- National Organizations
- The organization in charge of the protection of patents and trade marks in Argentina is the
National Institute for Industrial Property (NIIP).
Argentina has signed the Paris Convention relative to the protection of designs and industrial models.
As Argentina is not a signatory to the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), a company wishing to use a patent is obliged to make a direct request in Argentina within a maximum time limit of one year after the registration of the initial request.
The organization in charge of intellectual property is el Registro Nacional de la Propiedad Intelectual (the National Register of Intellectual Property). Other organizations are also involved in intellectual property: Ministry of Justice ; National Directorate of Royalties ; Argentine Society of Authors and Composers (SADAIC) ; General Society of Argentine Authors (Argentores) ; Argentine Association of Interpreters (AADI) ; Argentine Chamber of Producers ; Cámara Argentina de Editores de Música, CAEM (Argentine Chamber of Music Editors) for royalties. (in Spanish)
- Regional Organizations
- The Mercosur Standardization Association is working on cooperation between various institutes of its members to achieve harmonization within the Mercosur.
- International Membership
Member of the
WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization)
Signatory to the Paris Convention For the Protection of Intellectual Property
Membership to the TRIPS agreement - Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
National Regulation and International Agreements
|Type of property and law||Validity||International Agreements Signed|
Patent Law 1966
|Initial period of validity of 3 years. Extension, in the choice, of period in 20 years in the term of initial period.|| Strasbourg agreement Concerning the International Patent Classification
Marque Trademark Law (1980)
|10 years renewable on condition of being marketed within 5 years of registration.|| Trademark law treaty
Protocol relating to the Madrid Agreement
Dessin Industrial Model And Design Law (1983)
|5 years renewable once.|
Ley 11.723 (235), Propiedad intelectual
|Valid for the entire life of the author and 30 years after his death.|| Berne convention
Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms
Rome ConventionFor the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations
WIPO Copyright Treaty
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
Industrial Model And Design Law
|5 years renewable once.|
- Independence of Justice
- The judicial power is mostly independent. Argentina is considered to be a State of law, even if there is a certain degree of corruption in a few provinces.
- Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
- Foreign nationals can benefit from equivalent treatment in judicial matters as citizens can, including when it is a question of commercial disputes. The level of corruption in the country is quite high.
- The Language of Justice
- Recourse to an Interpreter
- Possible, advised
- Sources of the Law and Legal Similarities
- The country's legal system is a combination of the American and Western European systems. Each province also has its own constitution, which mirrors the broad lines of the structures of the federal constitution. The country has not accepted the obligatory jurisdiction of the
International Court of Justice (ICJ). Argentina belongs to the MERCOSUR which has some supranational legislative functions.
- Checking National Laws Online
Library of the Ministry of Justice
- National Standards Organizations
Instituto Argentino de Normalización y Certificación (IRAM), (Argentine Institute of standards and certification)
Asociación Electrotécnica Argentina (AEA) (in Spanish), (Argentine electrotechnical association)
- Integration in the International Standards Network
- At the regional level, Argentina is member of:
- The Pan American Standards Commission;
- The Mercosur Standardization Association ;
At the international level, Argentina is member of:
- The International Standards Organization (ISO) ;
- The International Electrotechnical Commission ;
- The International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
- Classification of Standards
- Instituto Argentino de Normalización y Certificación (IRAM) standard for product marking.
- Online Consultation of Standards
- You can consult the IRAM website, the only organization accredited for product certification.
- Certification Organizations
Argentine Institute of standards and certification
Argentine accreditation organization (OAA)
- General Information
Iberglobal, export assistance in Argentina, (in Spanish)
- Opening Hours and Days
- Saturday and Sunday in the capital, from Saturday afternoon in the provinces.
|New Year's Day||1 January|
|Good Friday||the Friday before Easter Sunday.|
|National Memory Day||24 March|
|Falklands War Day||2 April|
|Labor Day||1 May|
|May Revolution Day||25 May|
|General Belgrano Day||June|
|Independence Day||9 July|
|General San Martin Day||August|
|Minorities' Day||12 October|
|The Immaculate Conception||8 December|
|Christmas Day||25 December|
- Holiday Compensation
- If a public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the Monday is a holiday instead.
Periods When Companies Usually Close
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