Political Conditions in Australia
Business Practices (5) , Economic Trends/Outlook (2) , Information Resources (4) , Major Industries (2) , Political Conditions (1) , Trade Trends (1)
Overview by Globlatrade.net:
- Type of State
- Commonwealth of Australia. Federal State of 6 States and 2 Territories based on a parliamentary democracy.
- Executive Power
- Australia an independent nation, belonging to the Commonwealth, and recognizes the British Monarch as its sovereign. Queen Elizabeth II is the Head of State. She is represented in Australia by a Governor General who has a symbolic function (he is appointed by her on the recommendation of the Prime Minister). The Prime Minister is the head of the government. He runs State business. It is the Prime Minister who appoints the Cabinet. The Prime Minister is the leader of the party that wins the majority of seats in the House of Representatives at the General Election.
- Legislative Power
- The parliament is composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Senators are elected for a 6 year term, and the members of the House of Representatives for a 3 year term minimum. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are responsible to parliament, of which they must be elected members.
- Main Political Parties
- A bipartisan system with:
- The Liberal Party (conservative, centre-right, neoliberal);
- The Australian Labor Party (social democrat, centre-left).
Also : The Greens, and the National Party (conservative) in coalition with the Liberal Party.
- Current Political Leaders
- Prime Minister: Kevin RUDD (elected in December 2007) – Labor Party
Governor General: Quentin Alice Louise BRYCE (since 5 September 2008)
- Next Election Dates
- Senate : June 2011
Representatives : December 2013
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 12 places up compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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