Employees in Australia
- Opening Hours
- Legal Weekly Duration
- 38 hours
- Maximum Duration
- Maximum duration: 10 hours a day and 48 hours a week.
- Night Hours
- Between 9pm and 6am.
- Working Rest Day
- 2 days a week, generally Saturday and Sunday.
- Paid Annual Vacation
- 4 weeks' vacation.
- Retirement Age
- There is no legal retirement age. Retirement is negotiated with the employer.
However, employees are authorized to request a pension as follows:
- Men: from 65
- Women: between 60 and 65 according to date of birth
- Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
- In New South Wales, Northern Territory, South Australia and in Tasmania the minimum age is 14 years for casual and part time employees.
In Victoria the minimum age is 15 years.
In Queensland the Child Employment Act requires employees who have not yet finished year 10, to provide parental consent to commence work. Employees under 16 may only work 12 hours during a school week (38 hours a week during school holidays), with each shift being a maximum of 4 hours Monday to Friday and 8 hours Saturday and Sunday.
In Western Australia the employees under 15 years of age need to provide parental consent to commence work. For legislative reasons employees under 16 year of age may not work during school hours and those under 15 years of age may only work between the hours of 6am to 10pm.
In Australian Capital Territory the recommended minimum age for full time employment is school leaving age (i.e 15 years of age). It is possible to be employed below this age for a maximum of 10 hours per week. However if you wish to be employed for more than 10 hours per week, prior approval must be obtained from the Chief Executive of the Department of Housing, Disability and Community Services.
- Informal Labor Market
- Undeclared work is made up especially of working hours only partially declared and undeclared overtime. Moonlighting is a reality in Australia.
The Cost of Labor
- Minimum Wage
- The legal minimum wage or Federal Minimum Wage (FMV) is 13.74 AUD per hour in 2008.
- Average Wage
- The annual average full-time wage (not including overtime): AUD 61,038 for men and AUD 51,054 for women.
- Other Forms of Pay
- Pay For Overtime
- Saturday work is 1.5 times the basic hourly rate and Sunday work twice the basic hourly rate.
- Pay For Rest Days Worked
- Leave loading exists in Australia: +17.5% of the hourly rate for vacation days.
- Pay For Night Hours
- + 30% of the rate on a full-time basis.
- Pay For Overtime at Night
- Double the hourly rate.
Social Security Costs
- The Areas Covered
- MEDICARE social security covers an essential part of health expenses.
Contributions Paid By the Employer: The State deducts Payroll Tax, which varies between 3.65% and 6.85% of the company's global payroll (although small companies are generally exempted according to the State/Territory of Australia).
Contributions Paid By the Employee: 0%
- Competent Organization
Australian Fair Pay Commission
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