Domestic Transportation in Australia

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Means of Transport Recommended in Town

Getting around on your own in Australia can sometimes be difficult because of the lack of public transport. Taxis are used a lot in Australia. They are not difficult to find and they are often the best means of transport, particularly in large cities. Public transport networks are less developed and above all less efficient and punctual than in most European countries. Each Australian State capital has a train/metro network and bus companies (usually well equipped but sometimes getting old). Melbourne has the most extensive tram network in the world. However, Australia remains – like the United States – marked by the culture of the private car.
Maps of Urban Networks
Sydney tram system map
Brisbane transport system map
Australian Rail Maps
Urban Transport Agencies
Sydney tram system
Melbourne bus companies
Melbourne Public Transport
Sydney Rail, Buses and Ferries Service
Brisbane Public Transport
Find an Itinerary
Taxi Companies
Portal for finding a taxi
Taxis Combined (Sydney)
Yellow Cabs (Melbourne)

Transportation From Airport to City Centre:






Car Rental
Adelaide Intl (ADL) 7 km / 4 miles USD 20 / 15-20 min USD 5.20 / 35 min - Available
Brisbane Intl (BNE) 12 km / 7 miles AUD 30-35 / 25 min AUD 9 / 20-30 min AUD 12 / 22 min Available
Canberra (CBR) 7 km / 5 miles AUD 18-24 /15-20 min Available - -
Melbourne - Essendon (MEB) 11 km / 7 miles AUD 35 / 15-20 min - - Available
Melbourne - Tullamarine Intl (MEL) 23 km / 14 miles AUD 43-50 / 20-30 min AUD 15 /20-25 min Available Available

Means of Transport Recommended in the Rest of the Country

Because of the distances involved, taking a plane is almost inevitable. Since the collapse of the second Australian airline in September 2001, only Quantas, Virgin Blue and a certain number of small independent companies offer domestic flights.
Air transport is excellent but the cost of domestic flights is high. The air network is extensive and there are services between all the main cities. There is a flight almost every hour between the most important cities. There is a rail network but it is not very efficient and it is faster to travel by plane because of the distances involved. Buses are efficient and comfortable.
Rail Companies
Sydney urban rail transport
Melbourne urban rail transport


Name Type Domestic Flights International Flights
QANTAS Major Yes Yes
VIRGINBLUE Low cost Yes Yes
JETSTAR Low cost Yes Yes

You Can Consult the List of Airlines Banned Within the EU. Look Also at the rating of the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).


Traveling By Yourself

The state of the roads is good, especially around big towns. If, however, you want to venture off the beaten track, in the bush, it is better to do so in a 4X4. Finding fuel is reasonably easy. Fines are heavy for driving offenses and they are doubled over long holiday weekends (double demerits); your license may be withdrawn if you do not wear your seat belt. The Australian authorities have set up a large number of speed cameras along the roads to encourage drivers to observe speed limits (110km/h on motorways). There are many traffic jams in and around Sydney.
Driver's License
To be able to drive in Australia it is compulsory for you to have an international driver's license and your national license.
Conditions For Renting a Vehicle
You must be at least 21 and have had your driver's license for more than 2 years.
Rental Agencies
Tolls or Taxes
There are only a few motorways where you have to pay. Payment is made at the entrance or exit of the motorway, at the tollbooth. Keep your ticket carefully until you come to pay. You have to pay for certain bridges and tunnels, most often electronically with a tag.
Road Maps
Find an Itinerary
Traffic Conditions Online
RTA website (NSW)
Parking Facilities
Parking in town is regulated and you generally have to pay. Payment is made at a ticket machine located in the street, with coins. Authorized parking places are shown by white markings on the ground. All cities have parking lots ( underground or not), in the center or on the outskirts, sometimes with connections to means of public transport.

Rules of the Road

Minimum Driving Age
Side of the Road For Driving
Speed Limits
50km/h in town, 60-90 on roads, 110 on motorways.
Safety Belts
Obligatory in front and at the rear.
Permitted Amount of Alcohol in the Blood
0.05 g/100ml
National Roads Organizations
Australian Transport Safety Bureau

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