Sightseeing in Australia

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Tourism and Culture

Different Forms of Tourism

Australia is made up of six states and each one of them has its particular features:
- Sydney with its historical sites connected with the first European immigrants, as well as with the indigenous people of Australia, the Aborigines. For further information about the city: Sydney
- Melbourne with a large European community such as Greeks and Italians, but also the Chinese population. For further information about Melbourne and Victoria, please visit: Melbourne.
Several hundreds of museums and festivals. Sculpture, Paintings, Theater, Concerts, Cinema, Literature, etc.
Sydney : its famous Opera House (Opera House) and the bridge over the bay (Harbour Bridge).
Melbourne is well known for its lively cultural life, with theater, music, fashion and international sporting events.
Over the last few years, Brisbane has developed its cultural and night life (museums, theaters, galleries).
The city of Adelaide is appreciated for its architecture, its modernism and very relaxed life-style. The city has many restaurants, shops and entertainments.
Western Australia : The capital is Perth 3 200 km from Sydney and probably the most isolated capital in the world. Nevertheless, it is a beautiful, modern city with a very pleasant climate and life style and it has kept the atmosphere of a provincial town.
Australia has a large number of spectacular national parks and several UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Tasmania is an island south of Victoria, famous for its landscapes, its horticultural products and its wines. The capital is Hobart. There is practically no pollution in the air and waters of Tasmania thanks to there being very little industry there.
Northern Territory : this is the region where much of the land is still uninhabited. The climate varies from tropical in the north to desert and tundra in the south. The most well known tourist attraction in the region is Ayers Rock. There is a wide variety of wildlife such as the great sea water crocodile, the dingo, the wallaby and many different species of birds. Aquatic creatures and reptiles are numerous. Darwin is the main city of the territory (tropical climate).
Australia is a "young" country but it has a vast number of ancient Aboriginal sites of great religious and mystical significance.
There are hot springs in the Northern Territory.
Australia is the country of beaches par excellence. Its coast is spectacular and offers unlimited possibilities and discoveries. There are some very beautiful beaches not far from the center of Sydney.
Winter Sports
The Australian Alps have very pleasant ski resorts but they are expensive, like Thredbo or Perisher.
Outdoor Activities
Rambling, surfing, mountain bike, climbing, mountain climbing, rafting, 4x4.
Today, especially in Asia, Australia is known to be a great place to shop, in particular for fashion and products seen to be "exotic", and culinary specialties and wine.

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Individual and Civic Freedoms

Political Freedom
Civil Liberty
Freedom of the Press
Extensive. The Australian media are free and put forward a wide range of political, economic and cultural opinions. This range could be wider still but it is undeniable.
World Ranking of Freedom of the Press According to "Reporters sans Frontières", 2009 report : 16/175
Evolution: 12 places up compared to 2008
For Further Information, Consult Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2009, Reporters Without Borders
Free Access to the Internet
Freedom of Assembly
Rule of Law
Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights
Women's Condition
In spite of having equality of status and freedom (Australia was one of the first countries in the world to give women the right to vote), women are arguably paid 25% less than men in some industries.
For Further Information
The Freedom House Country Report
The US State Department's Human rights report

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Degree of Freedom
Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Constitution, and strict anti-defamation laws condemn attacks motivated by religion. Australian law, based on the British model, authorizes wearing ostentatious religious symbols at school.
Anglicans 20%; Catholics 25%; Other Protestant Christians 20%; Buddhists 1.9%; Muslims 1.5%.
A declining majority of people (58% according to certain surveys) say they are Christians. Most Protestant Churches, except the Anglican Church, have merged to form the Uniting Church; the Catholic Church has a large number of believers. There are also non-Christian minorities. 20% of the population say they are non-believers. The Aborigines do not have a religion strictly speaking, their entire culture is based on religion.
Role of Religion in Society
Slight, although some lobbies are playing a growing role.

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