Political Conditions in Austria
- Type of State
- Federal Republic based on parliamentary democracy.
- Executive Power
- President is the chief of the state and the Federal Chancellor is the head of the government. Chancellor enjoys the executive powers. President is elected by direct popular vote for a six-year term and the Chancellor is traditionally chosen by the President from the majority party in the National Council. Council of Ministers is chosen by the President on the advice of the Chancellor.
- Legislative Power
- The legislature in Austria is bicameral. The parliament consists of two chambers: National Council (the lower house), its members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms, and Federal Council (the upper house) with its members elected by provincial parliaments to serve five- or six-year terms. President can dissolve the National Council on recommendation of the Chancellor. The Federal Council only reviews legislation passed by the National Council and can delay but not veto its enactment. Most authority, including that of the police, rests with the federal government, but the states have considerable responsibility for welfare matters and local administration.
- Main Political Parties
The major political parties in the country are: OVP (the conservative People's Party), SPO (Social Democratic Party), FPO (the right-wing Freedom Party), and the Greens.
OVP finds support from farmers, large and small business owners and some Catholic groups, mostly in the rural regions of Austria; while as the SPO traditionally draws its constituency from blue- and white-collar workers.
- Current Political Leaders
President: Heinz FISCHER (since July 2004) – SPO
Chancellor: Werner FAYMANN (since Decemer 2008)
Vice Chancellor:Josef Pröll (since Decembre 2008) - OVP
- Next Election Dates
Presidential election: April 2016
National Council election: 2013
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 1 place up compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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