Law and Compliance in Belgium

Overview by

Business Contract

General Observation
Contract is considered seriously in Belgium, as much as for other European countries.
Law Applicable to the Contract
Vienna Convention on international contracts
Advisable Incoterms
Ex-work or FOB
Language of Domestic Contract
French or Dutch
Other Laws Which Can Be Used in Domestic Contracts
All foreign laws but only if specified on the contract only. Note that in most of the case, if there is any foreign law, it is Swiss law.

Return to top

Legal Framework of Business

Equity of Judgments

Independence of Justice
The judiciary is independent in Belgium.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Foreign nationals in the country can expect to a large extent a free and fair trial from the judiciary, though certain degree of racial and ethnic intolerance exists in the society. Corruption is limited in Belgium
The Language of Justice
All depends on which city and which region it is. It can be French, Flamish or German.
Recourse to an Interpreter
It is recommended to ask your embassy/consulate in order to get a list of interpreters recognized by Belgium government.
Legal Similarities
The judicial system is based on civil law and originates from the Napoleonic code, the Civil code (only available in French); the Constitution.
For further information consult the website of the Belgium Law.

The Different Legal Codes

Accounting Law The law of July 17, 1975, royal decrees and the recommendations of the Accounting principles Committee and the Code des sociétés (companies Code).
Contract and property law The Civil code
Customs law Customs and excises Code
Companies law The Civil code and Bilateral agreements.
Investment laws The 1st January, 2006 law
Labor law Labor law
Checking National Laws Online
Federal ministry of justice
Country Guides
Washlaw, Legal research Belgium

Find Legal Experts in Belgium on

The Jurisdictions

Court of appeal Hears appeals against decisions of the Court of First Instance and the Commercial Court. There are five Courts of Appeal in Belgium.
The court of assize It is the name of criminal courts. These courts seat in each of the ten provinces and in the judicial arrondissement of Brussels.

Court Officials

Avocat (Lawyer/Barrister)
The lawyer's first role is to inform his clients about their rights and obligations. Then he can represent them in court and make a speech for the defense.
Expert judiciaire (Legal expert)
A judge appoints a duly authorized professional who will review information in order to clarify certain elements of a case.
Greffier (Clerk of the Court)
All during the procedure, he will write down the exchanges, declarations and observations.
Huissier (Bailiff)
He is a legal officer responsible for serving legal process and for enforcing court decisions.
Juge (Judge)
He is the one who decides if the law has been broken or not, as well as the penalties which ensue.
Procureur de la république (State prosecutor)
He is a magistrate who represents the Prosecution in the county court ( tribunal de grande instance).
Find more on about Legal and Compliance Issues in Belgium.

Any Comments About This Content? Report It to Us.

Read more See less
Experts Views (5)
Post your content


Post content about Law and Compliance in Belgium and you will be listed here to receive requests for offers.

Contact our expert contributors
  • U.S. Commercial Service France

    U.S. Department of Commerce, France

  • U.S. Commercial Service

    US GovTrade Promotion, the United States