Political Conditions in Brazil
- Type of State
- A federal republic based on parliamentary democracy. The Brazilian constitution gives extensive powers to the government.
- Executive Power
- The president is both Head of State and Head of the Government; he holds executive power. He (and the vice-president) is elected by universal suffrage for a four year term. He appoints the Council of Ministers.
- Legislative Power
- The legislative power is bicameral. The parliament, called National Congress, is made up of two houses: the Senate (upper house), which has 81 members (3 members for each of the 26 provinces and for the federal district, elected according to the majority principle, for an 8 year term) ; and the Chamber of Deputies (lower house), which has 513 seats (and whose members are elected by proportional representation for a four year term). Each of the 26 States, and the federal district of Brazilia, has a separate legislature and administration. Brazilians enjoy considerable political rights.
- Main Political Parties
Fifteen political parties are represented in the National Congress. As it frequently happens that a politician changes parties, the proportion of seats of a given party in Congress changes regularly. The main political parties are as follows:
- The PT (Workers' Party, center-left)
- The PFL (Liberal Front Party, right-wing)
- The PMDB(Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, center)
- The PSDB (Brazilian Social Democratic Party, center-left)
- The PCdoB ( Brazilian Communist Party, left-wing)
- Current Political Leaders
President: Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011) – PT
Vice President: Michel Temer (since 1 January 2011) - PT
- Next Election Dates
Presidential: October 2014
Legislative: October 2014
Senate : October 2014 (for 1/3 of the members)
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 11 places up compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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