Investment Opportunities in Brazil

Overview by

Protection of Foreign Investment

Bilateral Investment Conventions Signed By Brazil
Brazil has signed bilateral agreements for the protection of foreign investment with 14 countries, but 7 of them have not been ratified by the Congress.
To see the list of countries, click here.
To see the conventions, click here.
International Controversies Registered By UNCTAD
There has not been any major controversy over the last few years.
Organizations Offering Their Assistance in Case of Disagreement
ICCWBO , International Chamber of Commerce in Rio
Member of the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

Country Comparison For the Protection of Investors

  Brazil Latin America & Caribbean United States Germany
Index of Transaction Transparency* 6.0 4.1 7.0 5.0
Index of Manager’s Responsibility** 7.0 5.3 9.0 5.0
Index of Shareholders’ Power*** 3.0 6.0 9.0 5.0
Index of Investor Protection**** 5.3 5.1 8.3 5.0

Source: Doing Business

Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.

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Procedures Relative to Foreign Investment

Freedom of Establishment
Acquisition of Holdings
The investment regime in Brazil is a liberal regime which allows foreign investors to have a majority share in the creation of their company.
Obligation to Declare
The agency for the promotion of foreign investment in the country gives information about the authorizations necessary for setting up. All inflows of capital must be declared to the Central Bank.
Competent Organization For the Declaration
Central Bank of Brazil
Requests For Specific Authorizations
Foreign investment is restricted and requires special authorization in the nuclear, health, land ownership, fishing, post office, telegraphs, aviation, aeronautics and media sectors.
Find Investment Service Providers in Brazil on

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Office Real Estate and Land Ownership

Possible Temporary Solutions
There are plenty of offices to rent.
The Possibility of Buying Land and Industrial and Commercial Buildings
There are no restrictions on foreigners buying land and commercial buildings, except at the borders of the country.
Risk of Expropriation
Risks of expropriation are very low today. Compensation is provided for in case of expropriation, especially for foreigners.

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Investment Aid

Forms of Aid
The government encourages foreign investment in the form of tax exemption, aid, etc.
Privileged Domains
Companies which export more than 80% of their production in IT and communication are exempted from certain taxes (COFINS and PIS) on their exports. This regime has been extended to all exporting companies, but for three years only. There are, in addition, many public aids for SMEs that export.
Privileged Geographical Zones
Tax reductions are granted to companies who set up in economically disadvantaged regions such as the North, Nordeste and the Amazonian regions (Manaus in particular).
Free Zones
There are 8 free zones in Brazil but only that of Manaus, Zona Franca de Manaus, has managed to attract foreign investment and seen real economic development.
Organizations Which Finance
The National Investment Bank (BNDES)
The Instituto de Desenvolvimento de Minas Gerais (INDI).

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Investment Opportunities

The Key Sectors of the National Economy
Agriculture (sugar cane, coffee, oranges, soya, bananas, walnuts, cashew nuts, corn, pineapple and pepper), beef, poultry, tobacco leaves; mineral ores, iron and aluminum.
The country is asserting itself more and more in the textile, aeronautics, pharmacy, automobile, iron and steel industry and chemical industry sectors.
High Potential Sectors
Raw materials, agriculture, agri-food industry, IT (hardware and software), energy, petroleum, gas, franchises, insurance, iron, steel, medical equipment, pharmaceutical products, mining sector, pollution control equipment, ports and airports, aeronautical industry, railways, telecommunications infrastructures and tourism.
Privatization Programs
Tenders, Projects and Public Procurement
Tenders Info, Tenders in Brazil
Comprasnet, Tenders
DgMarket, Tenders Worldwide

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Sectors Where Investment Opportunities Are Fewer

Monopolistic Sectors
Electricity and energy in general, but the trend is towards the opening up of natural monopolies to the private sector, subject to the supervision of a public regulation organization.
Sectors in Decline
The sectors most affected by Asian competition, especially textiles.

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