Employees in Canada

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

Working Conditions

Opening Hours
 
  • Legal Weekly Duration
40 or 48 hours according to the province
  • Maximum Duration
There is no maximum. On the other hand, there is a minimum of 3 hours a day. An employer who brings in a worker must pay him for 3 hours even if he only works one hour.
  • Night Hours
4 pm to 8 am
Working Rest Day
24 to 48 hours
Paid Annual Vacation
4% of salary from the 1st to the 5th year of work, and 6% after the 5th year except for the clothing industry where it is 4% for less than a year, 6% for 1 to 3 years, 8% for 3 years or more.
The equivalent number of days is as follows: 1 year's work = 5 days paid. 2nd to 5th year = 2 weeks paid. 5 years and more = 3 weeks.
Retirement Age
In Canada, the labor laws do not specify the age of retirement for workers, except in the case of certain professions such as the military, judges and firemen.
Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
The working age may vary according to the province. Several provinces have set the age at 18 or after the end of secondary studies. Some provinces have more flexible laws and the age is determined by the type of work and the number of hours a day.
Informal Labor Market
In 2004, "moonlighting" corresponded to about 5% of the volume of paid work and it is growing each year in spite of public awareness campaigns.

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The Cost of Labor

Pay

Minimum Wage
The minimum wage in Quebec went up on 1 May 2007 to 8.20 CAD/hour, and 8.25 CAD for the clothing industry and 7.25 CAD for workers who receive tips. In Ontario, on 31 March 2008 the wage will be 8.75 CAD, and 7.60 CAD for serving alcohol. In British Columbia 6 CAD/hour for a first job and 8 CAD for a 2nd job.
Average Wage
CAD 38,998 per year.
Other Forms of Pay
  • Pay For Overtime
In Quebec the rate stays the same, unless there is a prior agreement.
In Ontario, over 44 hours a week, each hour worked is paid 1.5 times more.
  • Pay For Rest Days Worked
Public holidays are paid double.
  • Pay For Night Hours
idem
  • Pay For Overtime at Night
idem
 

Social Security Costs

The Areas Covered
Employment insurance, health insurance, pensions.
Contributions
Contributions Paid By the Employer: Employment insurance EI (1.4% up to 584 USD in Quebec and 720 USD for the other provinces), Health insurance RAMQ (2.7%), Canada Pension Plan CPP - QPP (4.95%), Quebec Parental Insurance Plan RQAP (0.583% for the employer).
The rate of health insurance varies according to the province.
Contributions Paid By the Employee: Employment insurance EI (1.46% up to 584 USD in Quebec and 720 USD for the other provinces), Canada Pension Plan CPP - QPP (4.95%), Quebec Parental Insurance Plan RQAP (0.416%)
The rate of health insurance varies according to the province.
Competent Organization
Revenu Québec (Quebec Revenue Agency)
Canada Revenue Agency
Health Insurance Quebec
Ontario Department of Health
Health Insurance British Columbia
New Brunswick Department of Health

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