Domestic Transportation in Canada

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Means of Transport Recommended in Town

Many cities have a network of public transport services which includes a bus network, and also streetcars, sea buses and trains in some cities. The major cities have a subway/metro or a light rapid transit service including Vancouver (skytrain), Calgary (CT train), Edmonton (LRT), Toronto (subway), Ottawa (O-Train), and Montreal (metro). Suburban trains run frequently at rush hours. Driving around is often difficult and it is sometimes preferable for a foreign visitor to take a taxi.
Maps of Urban Networks
Map of the Montreal metro
ATM suburban train network
Map of the Toronto subway
Map of the Ottawa network
Map of the network of the Capital of Quebec
Urban Transport Agencies
GO Transit
Toronto Transit Commission
Transport Company of the Outaouais
Transport network of the Capital of Quebec
Explore Canada
Find an Itinerary
Itinerary in Montreal
Itinerary in Ottawa
Itinerary in Quebec
Taxi Companies

Transportation From Airport to City Centre:






Car Rental
Montreal - Pierre Elliott Trudeau/Dorval (YUL) 16 km / 9 miles CAD 35-45 / 25-40 min CAD 13 / 25-50 min Available Available
Toronto - Pearson Intl (YYZ) 27 km / 17 miles CAD 45-55 / 30 min CAD 16.95 / 45 min - Available

Means of Transport Recommended in the Rest of the Country

Air transport: there are many daily domestic flights between Canadian cities. They are generally punctual, except when weather conditions are bad. In Quebec, several airline companies have domestic links between most of the large urban areas.
Rail transport: Via Rail has several journeys a day between large Canadian cities and even flat-fee tickets to cross Canada from one ocean to the other.
The bus network works well and has links between the towns of each province.
Rail Companies
Via Rail


Name Type Domestic Flights International Flights
Air Canada Major yes Yes
Westjet Low cost yes Yes
Air Canada Jazz Major yes Yes

You Can Consult the List of Airlines Banned Within the EU. Look Also at the rating of the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).


Traveling By Yourself

Urban areas in Canada are very far apart. In some fairly uninhabited parts, it is not unusual to drive for 100 km without finding a service station, a store or a motel. The roads are generally very good but when you venture into remote rural areas, you often find roads which are not asphalted. The average speed drops then from 90 to 50 km/h. The highway code and people's driving habits are somewhat particular and it is in your interest to have them explained to you before you start driving.
Driver's License
The provincial driver's license (recognized everywhere in Canada). Some provinces automatically recognize foreign driver's licenses. The international license is accepted.
Conditions For Renting a Vehicle
You must be at least 21 (25 in some cases), have a major credit card, and have had your license for more than 12 months. An international driver's license is necessary if the driver's license does not use the Roman alphabet.
Rental Agencies
Tolls or Taxes
You have to pay on most of the bridges between Canada and the United States which cross the St Lawrence river (about 3 CAD). Some provinces have toll bridges such as the Confederation Bridge, and roads such as the Express Toll Route 407, the Trans-Canada Highway and Highway 5 (Coquihalla Highway).
Road Maps
Greyhound Road maps
Find an Itinerary
Via Michelin
Google Maps
Traffic Conditions Online
Highway conditions by province
Météomedia, traffic
Parking Facilities
In French-speaking Canada, we use the word "Stationnement" to talk about a "Parking lot". These "stationnements" are indicated by the letter "P" and you mostly have to pay for them. It is imperative to read the signs about parking in the streets of Canadian towns very carefully; they are not always very clear, and sometimes 3 signs with different information may be located in the same area. In winter it is prohibited to use some parking lots in order to facilitate snow clearance.There are pay points in quite a few places, but some towns still use parking meters.

Rules of the Road

Minimum Driving Age
16, with written consent from someone with parental authority for under 18s.
Side of the Road For Driving
Speed Limits
30 km/h in a school zone, 50 km/h. in town, 70 km/h. on bridges and some rural roads, 90 km/h. on secondary roads, 100 km/h on highways.
Safety Belts
Permitted Amount of Alcohol in the Blood
The permitted alcohol level according to the Criminal Code is 0.08g per 100ml of blood.
National Roads Organizations
Transport Canada

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Hot Tips (1)
  • Business Travel in Canada

    Business customs in Canada are very similar to those in the United States.

    Bedjasses on 8 Jan 2010 related to Domestic Transportation in Canada

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