Domestic Transportation in China
Means of Transport Recommended in Town
- Moving about in the city is mostly by taxis; there are a lot of them (60,000 in Beijing) and they are quite inexpensive. The size of the cities makes walking around difficult. The cities are very congested, so it is better to plan and leave early for an appointment. Beijing has 5 metro lines while Shanghai has 9 of them. Magnetic charge cards for the metro are very useful since they can be used to pay taxis also. They can be charged at all the metro station ticket counters and at the local grocery stores. Buses are plenty and cheap, but uncomfortable since they are often jam-packed.
Very important: Keep addresses of places where you want to go written in Chinese since the pronunciation does not often correspond to the transcription in Pinyin.
- Maps of Urban Networks
University of Texas Library on line
- Urban Transport Agencies
Shanghai Shentong Metro Company
- Taxi Companies
Shanghai JinLing Taxi Service Co Ltd
Transportation From Airport to City Centre:
|Shanghai-Honggiao (SHA)||16 km / 10 miles||CNY 60-100/25-40 min||CNY 3 / 35-40 min||-||Available|
|Beijing-Capital (PEK)||28 km / 17 miles||CNY 135 / 30-40 min||CNY 16 / 45 min||-||Available|
Means of Transport Recommended in the Rest of the Country
- Bus: is the primary means of transport between cities.
Train: Generally in good condition although links are usually slow (for example: Canton-Beijing: 36 hours)
Airplane: Domestic companies have a low rate of accidents. The schedules are generally adhered to although the airports have reached their saturation levels.
- Rail Companies
Ministry of Railways (website in Chinese)
|Name||Type||Domestic Flights||International Flights|
|China Southern Airlines||Major||Yes||Yes|
|Jetstar/Jetstar Asia/Valuair||low cost||No||Yes|
|China Eastern Airlines||Major||Yes||Yes|
|Spring Airlines||low cost||Yes||No|
You Can Consult the List of Airlines Banned Within the EU. Look Also at the rating of the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
Traveling By Yourself
- The state of the road network, which is rapidly developing, is overall satisfactory on the major roads although they are poorly marked. Driving in China is risky. It is better to rent a car with a driver or to hire a driver if you buy a car.
- Driver's License
- It is possible for foreigners living in China to obtain a Chinese driver's license.
If you have a driving license of a foreign country, you have to just take the written part of the driver's test (the equivalent of the rules of the road) to obtain the Chinese driver's license.
- Conditions For Renting a Vehicle
- Foreigners not holding a Chinese driver's license cannot rent a car. It is however possible to rent a car with a driver. Rental agencies and travel agencies provide this type of service.
- Rental Agencies
Website of the Avis car rental agency in China
Shanghai Car service
Shanghai Longhui leasehold
- Find an Itinerary
- Traffic Conditions Online
- Parking Facilities
- The country has limited space to build parking lots. This problem will grow with the increase in the number of cars as the standard of living improves.
Rules of the Road
- Minimum Driving Age
- 18 years
- Side of the Road For Driving
- Speed Limits
- 30 km/h (19 mph) in single-lane city roads
100 km/h (62 mph) in express streets of the city
120 km/h (75 mph) on expressways
- Safety Belts
- Permitted Amount of Alcohol in the Blood
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