Political Conditions in the Czech Republic
- Type of State
- Republic state based on parliamentary democracy.
- Executive Power
- President is the chief of the state and is elected by the parliament for a five-year term. President has limited specific powers, most important of them being power to return laws to the parliament and dissolving of the parliament under certain special conditions. President appoints the Prime Minister and the Cabinet on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. Prime Minister is the head of the government and also holds the executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. Prime Minister is generally the head of the majority party or coalition in the parliament and yields considerable political power.
- Legislative Power
- The legislature is bicameral. The parliament consists of: Senate (the upper house), its members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms and the Chamber of Deputies (the lower house) with its members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. The executive branch of government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence Prime Minister cannot dissolve the parliament without taking President and the members of the parliament into confidence.
- Main Political Parties
Czech Republic has a multi-party political system. The main political parties in the country are:
- CSSD (Czech Social Democratic Party) – defends a socially oriented state with a market economy;
- ODS (Civic Democratic Party) – a liberally conservative party, on the right of the political spectrum. It defends the principles of personal freedom and individual responsibility, entrepreneurship and private ownership;
- KSCM (Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia) - heir of the Communist party of Czechoslovakia, though it has now modified its programme to suit country's new democratic politics;
- KDU-CSL (Christian Democratic Union-Czechoslovak People's Party) – a conservative political party which draws its main support from the Catholic rural areas in Moravia, in the center of the political spectrum ;
- Green Party (SZ) - highlights through its program the topic of ecology.
- Current Political Leaders
President: Vaclav KLAUS (since March 2003) – ODS
Prime Minister: Petr NECAS (since June 2010) – ODS
- Next Election Dates
Presidential: February 2013
Chamber of Deputies: 2014
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 5 places down compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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