Law and Compliance in Egypt

Overview by

Business Contract

Language of Domestic Contract
Arabic is Egypt's official language and all documents have to be written in this language if they are to have legal value. A contract can be written in another language, however it has to be accompanied by an official translation in approved Arabic.

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Legal Framework of Business

Equity of Judgments

Independence of Justice
The Egyptian legal system is considered as the most independent system of the Arab world. However, the activities related to politics and national security are usually handled by special courts.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Foreign nationals can face certain difficulties during the course of their legal proceedings.
The Language of Justice
Egyptian Arabic.
Recourse to an Interpreter
It is possible to have recourse to an interpreter.
Legal Similarities
The primary source of the law is the Constitution of 1971. The legal system is highly influenced by the French law. It also has influences from the common law. In fact, Sharia is crucial for the questions of civil status.

The Different Legal Codes The Egyptian Financial Supervisory Authority Portal of Egyptian laws
Checking National Laws Online
Egypt laws
Egyptian laws on the Egyptian government website
Country Guides
Library of Congress, Laws in Egypt.

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The Jurisdictions

Supreme Constitutional Court It is the highest court.  It determines on the contitutionality of laws and decides between two legal organs.
Supreme Court Examines the process for which a revision is requested.
Court of Appeal Decides on the validity of the trial, before sending it to the Supreme court.
Primary Court District courts that judge first instance matters when the trial in question comes within their jurisdiction.
Family Court Legal instrument specialized in family matters.
Egyptian State Lawsuits Authority Represents the State in the courts.
Public Prosecutor Public party in criminal matters, which he can initiate by instigating a trial. He can also instigate investigations.
Administrative Court (State Council) Presides over all administrative litigation.
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