Employees in Egypt
- Opening Hours
- Legal Weekly Duration
- The length work is 8 hours per day, 6 days per week with a maximum of 48 hours per week, and a rest obligation of a minimum of 24 consecutive hours in a week. There is a minimum 1 hour of rest for a day of work. If an employee works for more than 8 hours per day, he has a right to a 35% bonus for day work and 70% bonus for night work.
- Maximum Duration
- The maximum length of work is 48 hours per week.
- Working Rest Day
- 24 consecutive hours per week of compulsory rest. Week-ends are Fridays and Saturdays, if the 24 hours are not given during those days, they have to be compensated by another day.
- Paid Annual Vacation
- 21 days minimum paid holidays, of which 6 are consecutive. 30 days if the employee has been in employement for more than 10 years, and/or if he is aged more than 50 years. Additionally, there are 16 days of public holidays per year.
- Retirement Age
- 60 years.
- Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
- Officially, 3 to 15% of children work. According to observers, in reality, children are an important part of the active population, most of the time in the informal sector, therefore difficult to quantify (selling in the streets, seasonal agricultural work). According to the Human Rights Watch, the conditions are difficult, between 9 and 11 hours of daily work in precarious sectors.
- Informal Labor Market
- Nearly 6.5 million people work in the informal sector, that is to say 40% of the active population. These people's work conditions (timetable and health) are generally very bad.
The Cost of Labor
- Minimum Wage
- The government-mandated minimum wage in the public sector is approximately EGP 176 (USD 33) a month. The minimum-wage law is also observed in the private sector.
- Average Wage
- The average Egyptian salary is about 100 EUR per month.
- Other Forms of Pay
- Pay For Overtime
- 30% of the normal salary.
- Pay For Rest Days Worked
- If it is a normal annual vacation day (not a week-end), the salary is doubled.
- Pay For Overtime at Night
- 70% of the normal salary.
Social Security Costs
- The Areas Covered
- An average of 25% of the salary goes to social security. It covers the following areas: unemployment, health, old age and sometimes life insurance.
Contributions Paid By the Employer: For salaries between 0 and 750 EGP: 26%
For salaries between 751 EGP and 1,250 EGP: 24%
Contributions Paid By the Employee: For salaries between 0 and 750 EGP:14%
For salaries between 751 EGP and 1,250 EGP: 11%
- Competent Organization
Ministry of Social Solidarity (in Arabic)
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