Employees in Egypt

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

Working Conditions

Opening Hours
  • Legal Weekly Duration
The length work is 8 hours per day, 6 days per week with a maximum of 48 hours per week, and a rest obligation of a minimum of 24 consecutive hours in a week. There is a minimum 1 hour of rest for a day of work. If an employee works for more than 8 hours per day, he has a right to a 35% bonus for day work and 70% bonus for night work.
  • Maximum Duration
The maximum length of work is 48 hours per week.
Working Rest Day
24 consecutive hours per week of compulsory rest.  Week-ends are Fridays and Saturdays, if the 24 hours are not given during those days, they have to be compensated by another day.
Paid Annual Vacation
21 days minimum paid holidays, of which 6 are consecutive.  30 days if the employee has been in employement for more than 10 years, and/or if he is aged more than 50 years.  Additionally, there are 16 days of public holidays per year.
Retirement Age
60 years.
Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
Officially, 3 to 15% of children work.  According to observers, in reality, children are an important part of the active population, most of the time in the informal sector, therefore difficult to quantify (selling in the streets, seasonal agricultural work).  According to the Human Rights Watch, the conditions are difficult, between 9 and 11 hours of daily work in precarious sectors.
Informal Labor Market
Nearly 6.5 million people work in the informal sector, that is to say 40% of the active population.  These people's work conditions (timetable and health) are generally very bad.

Return to top

The Cost of Labor


Minimum Wage
The government-mandated minimum wage in the public sector is approximately EGP 176 (USD 33) a month. The minimum-wage law is also observed in the private sector.
Average Wage
The average Egyptian salary is about 100 EUR per month.
Other Forms of Pay
  • Pay For Overtime
30% of the normal salary.
  • Pay For Rest Days Worked
If it is a normal annual vacation day (not a week-end), the salary is doubled.
  • Pay For Overtime at Night
70% of the normal salary.

Social Security Costs

The Areas Covered
An average of 25% of the salary goes to social security.  It covers the following areas: unemployment, health, old age and sometimes life insurance.
Contributions Paid By the Employer: For salaries between 0 and 750 EGP: 26%
For salaries between 751 EGP and 1,250 EGP: 24%
Contributions Paid By the Employee: For salaries between 0 and 750 EGP:14%
For salaries between 751 EGP and 1,250 EGP: 11%
Competent Organization
Ministry of Social Solidarity (in Arabic)

Any Comments About This Content? Report It to Us.

Read more See less

No content has been posted to this folder yet.
Be the first to feature your expertise related to Employees in Egypt!

  • Post any content you may have that features your expertise, such as a text article with business tips, presentation, market report, etc
  • By sharing your knowledge you gain more visibility for your profile not only on GlobalTrade.net but across the web

Post your content now by simply clicking on the button below.

Check these folders already populated with content posted by other users:

Click here to find out more about key benefits and instructions for contributing to the site.


Post any content you may have that features your expertise and offers valuable information to the international trade community.

The more informative content you post the more visible your will be, as your valuable content will link directly to your profile.

Check these sample pages for illustration: