FDI in Finland

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

FDI in Figures

In the context of the international financial crisis, FDI inflow to Finland decreased dramatically in 2009; since then it has been growing slowly, a trend which is expected to continue into 2010. With regard to domestic FDI stocks, the country is ranked 38th in the world.

The country’s strenghts include: its reputation as having the least amount of corruption in the world, its competitiveness, its strategic position at the center of a dynamic zone formed by Russia, Scandinavia and the Baltic countries, and its economic orientation towards high technology, research and development.

For more information, refer to the Invest in Finland website.

Foreign Direct Investment 200720082009
FDI Inward Flow (million USD) 12,384-1,9742,551
FDI Stock (million USD) 91,63183,13788,441
Performance Index*, Ranking on 141 Economies 68139112
Potential Index**, Ranking on 141 Economies 1414-
Number of Greenfield Investments*** 383824
FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****) 23.6-3.417.4
FDI Stock (in % of GDP) 37.330.837.2

Source: UNCTAD

Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.


FDI Inflows By Countries and Industry

Main Investing Countries 2009, in %
Sweden 52.4
Netherlands 15.3
Denmark 8.1
Germany 3.6
Luxembourg 3.2
Belgium 2.7
France 2.5
Main Invested Sectors 2009, in %
Finance and insurance 32.8
Services (other than trade, finance and insurance) 26.3
Metallurgy and engineering 16.5
Trade 10.8
Manufacturing (other than metallurgy, enginee

ring, chemical industry)

Chemical industry 4.8

Source: Bank of Finland

Form of Company Preferred By Foreign Investors
Limited Liability Company or public limited liability company
Form of Establishment Preferred By Foreign Investors
Limited Liability Company
Main Foreign Companies
See information on the Invest in Finland website.
Sources of Statistics
Statistics Finland
R&D statistics by Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation

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Why You Should Choose to Invest in Finland

Strong Points
The country's strong points are:
- Political stability;
- A strategic geographic location between Scandinavia, Russia and the Northern European expanding markets;
- A multilingual population;
- One of the least corrupt countries in the world;
- The significant investment done in Research and Development expenses (ranked 3rd in the world);
- An extremely industrialised economy, based mainly on the free market and which showed a per capita return similar to the United Kingdom, France and Germany; and
- One of the most competitive economies in the world, according to WEF Global Competitiveness Report 2007-2008.
Weak Points
Finland's main weak points are:
- A limited domestic market; and
- High taxation rates.
Government Measures to Motivate or Restrict FDI
In the past years, Finland has made considerable progress in eliminating discriminatory regulations against foreign investors. The government's clear intention is to promote the country's integration into the European economic zone. Finlands strategic geographic location, situated between its European Community partners and the newly independent Eastern European states, gives it a definite advantage.

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