Customs in Finland
- Import Procedures
- A customs declaration for imported goods is submitted on the SAD form (Single administrative document), for VAT levy. It will become mandatory to submit summary declarations electronically within the entire EU territory as of 1 July 2009.
- Specific Import Procedures
- The Åland Islands have a special status in terms of customs and taxation. Taxation provisions on taxation within Finland can not be applied when delivering goods from the Åland Islands to mainland Finland, but provisions on import from outside the EU must be applied. The Finnish Customs provides more information.
- Importing Samples
May qualify for duty free entry if:
- They are of negligible value (EUR 6 or less);
- They are for solicitation of orders for the goods of the kind represented by the sample;
- There is not more than one sample of each style or quality in a consignment;
- The goods are supplied directly from abroad;
- They will be consumed or destroyed during demonstration and are packaged and properly marked in a manner which precludes their being used as other than samples, examples: foodstuffs, non alcoholic beverages, perfumes and chemical products.
Customs Duties and Taxes on Imports
- Average Customs Duty (Excluding Agricultural Products)
- The duties for non-European countries are relatively low, especially for manufactured goods 2.61% or 4.17%. However, textile and clothing items still have high duties and quotas. Click here to access the European Online Customs Tariff Database (TARIC).
- Products Having a Higher Customs Tariff
- Relatively high tariffs apply to textile, automobile, consumer electronics, cereal, meat, dairy, sugar, alcohol, footwear, rubber, plastic & metals.
- Preferential Rates
- In the framework of several agreements that the European Community has concluded with third countries, as well as in the framework of autonomous preferential arrangements for some beneficiary countries, tariff concessions are provided for a pre-determined volume of goods. These tariff concessions are called "preferential tariff quotas". Click here to visualize preferential agreements by county.
- Customs Classification
- Finland, like most member states of the European Community, bases its Harmonized Tariff Schedule on the TARIC (Integrated Tariff of the European Community) which is issued by the Commission and the Member States for the purpose of applying Community measures relating to import and exports, and when necessary to trade between member states. The TARIC also serves as a basis for the working tariffs and tariff file of Finland and other Member States.
- Method of Calculation of Duties
- Finland customs values shipments at CIF prices. Import duty rates are divided into two classifications: Most Favored Nations (MFN) and General one. Import duties are calculated on ad valorem basis.
- Method of Payment of Customs Duties
- The tax is paid to the tax office using a monthly declaration.
- Import Taxes (Excluding Consumer Taxes)
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