Distribution Networks in France

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

Types of Outlet

Hypermarkets, supermarkets and mini-markets
Located on the outskirts of towns. They sell foodstuffs and non food products. Mini-markets are smaller and located in town.

Specialized Hypermarkets
Hypermarkets specialize in one family of products.
DIY: Leroy Merlin
Culture: Fnac
Sport: Decathlon
Electrical appliances: Darty
Toys: Toys’r’us
Department stores
Located in the town center on several floors. They have various specialized departments.
Les Galeries Lafayette
La Samaritaine
Le Bon Marché
Hard discount
Mainly for food. They sell products of the distributor's own brand or none brand at all. People prefer them for their discount prices.
Leader Price
Small shops
Specialized local shops: grocers, butchers, fishmongers, greengrocers, cheese shops, delicatessens, bakeries, cake shops, florists. People prefer them for the quality of their products, human contact and advice.
Cash and Carry
Hypermarkets reserved for professionals.

Evolution of the Retail Sector

Growth and Regulation
In 2004, the wholesale trade represented 172,000 companies and a 53.6 billion euro turnover. The retail trade represented 350,000 companies, a 359.8 billion euro turnover. The setting up of hypermarkets is regulated by the Royer Law of 1973 and the Raffarin Law of 1996 ; they aim to protect local shops.
Market Shares
Mass marketing dominates the retail trade sector in France with, in 2006, 5,525 supermarkets and 4,074 hard discount stores. The Carrefour group is in the leading position with a turnover of 77.9 billion euros. Then comes Auchan with 35.3 billion, Intermarché with 31.5 billion, Leclerc and Casino ( 2006 ranking).
Organizations in the Retail Sector
The Federation of Trade and Distribution Companies (FCD)
The associated trade stores

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    U.S. Department of Commerce, France