Employees in Germany

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

Working Conditions

Opening Hours
  • Legal Weekly Duration
Maximum 48 hours a week.
  • Maximum Duration
An employee work day should not technically be more than 8 hours a day.  The time schedule can be increased to 10 hours only if in the period of 6 months or 24 weeks an average of 8 hours a day has not been exceeded.
  • Night Hours
At least 2 hours worked between 11 pm and 6 am..
Working Rest Day
Employees are not allowed to work on Sundays and public holidays. But there are exceptions according to the branch of activity.
Paid Annual Vacation
20 days
Retirement Age
65 years old
Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
In Germany, the minimum age one can start working is 18 years old.

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The Cost of Labor


Minimum Wage
There is no legal minimum wage. However, some occupations have had, in practice, a minimum wage since July 2007: building work (8.40 EUR to 12.40 EUR per hour), roofing (10 EUR per hour), painting (7.15 EUR to 10.73 EUR per hour), demolition (8.80 EUR to 11.60 EUR per hour), cleaning (6.36 EUR to 7.87 EUR per hour), electricity (7.70 EUR per hour for East Germany and 9.20 EUR per hour in West Germany).
Average Wage
Average wage is EUR 28,000 per year, ie EUR 2,000 per month.
Other Forms of Pay
  • Pay For Overtime
There is no obligation, it depends on sectorial agreements and individual negotiations. Overtime may be compensated for financially or by extra days of vacation.
  • Pay For Rest Days Worked
To be negotiated.
  • Pay For Night Hours
In practice compensated for, but it depends on the sector.
  • Pay For Overtime at Night
According to the sector and negotiations.

Social Security Costs

The Areas Covered
Health insurance (medical care, maternity, disability, death), retirement pensions, family allowances, unemployment benefit.
Contributions Paid By the Employer: 20.9 %
Contributions Paid By the Employee: 20.9%
Competent Organization
Invest in Germany (Information on the job market)
Ministry of Labor

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