Political Conditions in Israel
- Type of State
- Israel (official name: State of Israel) is a state-nation based on a parliamentary democracy, apart from the military administration in the occupied Palestinian territories. This is the only Jewish state in the world.
- Executive Power
- The President is Head of the State and he is elected by the Parliament of the country for a seven year term. His role is essentially ceremonial. The President chooses the leader of the party or majority coalition in the parliament to exercise the functions of the Prime Minister, for a four year term. The Prime Minister is head of the government and it is he who holds the executive power, namely the execution of the law and management of current affaire of the country. The Cabinet is chosen by the Prime Minister before being approved by the Parliament.
- Legislative Power
- The legislative power is Israel is unicameral. The parliament consists of 120 members, elected by universal suffrage universal for a four year term. The parliament can decide to be dissolved by a simple majority, during a censure motion. The Prime Minister cannot directly dissolve the parliament, he cannot veto it. The Israeli citizens have considerable political rights.
- Main Political Parties
The Israeli political system is based on proportional representation, which allows having a system with several parties. No one is in a position to solely assume power,which forces them to cooperate to form coalition governments. The main political parties of the country are :
- Kadima : centrist party, which advocates fixing the borders with the future Palestinian State;
- The Workers Party (Havoda) : left center zionist political party;
- Le Likoud : right nationalist party which draws its roots from the Zionist movement
- Shas : advocates ultra-orthodox Judaism.
- Current Political Leaders
President: Shimon PERES (since July 2007)
Prime Minister: Binjamin NETANYAHU (since March 2009) as head of the coalition government
- Next Election Dates
- Presidential: 2014 ; legislative : 2013.
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 47 places down compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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