Contracts in Israel

Overview by

The Active Population in Figures

Main Indicators 2006
Labor Force
Labor Force (Annual Growth, %) -
Rate of Activity (%) -
Unemployment Rate (%)

Source: Labor report 2006

Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force) 2006
Agriculture 1.8%
Manufacturing (extraction and industry) 15.7%
Electricity and water supply 0.7%
Construction (building and civil engineering projects) 5.3%
Wholesale and retail trade, and repairs 13.2%
Services for housing and restaurants 4.8%
Transport, storage and communications 6.7%
Bank,insurance and other financial institutions 3.4%
Business Activities 13.9%
Public Administration 4.5%
Education 12.8%
Health, Welfare and social assistance services 10.3%
Community, social, personal and other services 5.0%
Services for households by domestic personnel 1.8%

Source: Bureau of statistics

For Further Statistics
Bureau of statistics
For Further Information About the Labor Market
Labor market database

Management of Human Resources



Method of Recruitment
The candidatures are made more and more through the internet.
Recruitment Agencies
Recruitment agencies : Activity, Amal, Jobtov, Enosh, ORS, Dan HR, Tafkid Plus, Kedumin, Manpower.


Recruitment Websites

The Contract

Type of Contract
The employment contract is drawn up through legal provisions and to a lesser extent through collective agreements. The employment contract can be written or oral. It can be for indefinite, definite or temporary duration.
Breach of Contracts
  • Retirement
The retirement generally takes place at 60 years for women and 67 years for men.
  • Dismissals
Dismissal does not have to be justified in Israel. However, there are limits as for example the case of a pregnant woman who has reported her pregnancy or the period which directly follows her return to work.
  • Other Possible Methods
Labor Laws
Labor Law on the website of the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor

Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Most of the unions belong to Histadrut (General Federation of Labor in Israel), or to a much smaller rival federation, the Histadrut Haovdim Haleumit (the National Labor Federation). Negotiations are carried out at the national and sectoral level.
Unionization Rate
Unionisation rate in percentage of the labor market population in Israel : 23% in 2004.
Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor

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