Trade Compliance in Japan

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International Conventions
Member of World Trade Organisation
Member of OECD
Party to the Kyoto Protocol
Party to the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
Party to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
Party to the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer
Party to the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls For Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies
Party of the International Coffee Agreement 2001
Main International Economic Cooperation
Japan is a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). It is a signatory to multilateral and bilateral agreements with many countries. Japon also signed last february, 2009 a Free-Trade Agreement with Switzerland allowing the exemption of customs duties for 99 % of trade transactions between these two countries, within 10 years. The legislation includes provisions on trade in goods, services and movement of natural persons for commercial purposes.
Japan signed in March 2011 a Tariff-Cutting Trade Treaty with India that will eliminate or reduce about 94% of tariffs on the countries’ bilateral trade over a ten-year period.
Party of the ATA Convention on Temporary Admissions and Use of the Carnets

As a Reminder, the ATA is a System Allowing the Free Movement of Goods Across Frontiers and Their Temporary Admission Into a Customs Territory With Relief From Duties and Taxes. The Goods Are Covered By a Single Document Known as the ATA Carnet That is Secured By an International Guarantee System.
Look Up the Other Member Countries And Read the Web Pages of the World Customs Organization Devoted to the ATA Carnet.
Party of the TIR Convention

As a Reminder, the TIR Convention and its Transit Regime Contribute to the Facilitation of International Transport, Especially International Road Transport, Not Only in Europe and the Middle East, But Also in Other Parts of the World, Such as Africa and Latin America.
The UNCTAD Website Allows You to Read the TIR Convention, See the List of Member Countries And to Find Further Information.
Accompanying Documents For Imports
 The following documents should be presented at he Japanese customs:
- Air Waybill or Bill of Lading;
- Commercial Invoice for import shipments with a value exceeding 10,000 yen and for any commodity being imported;
- Certificate of Origin- Import Approval;
- Quarantine Forms.
Free Zones
For Further Information
Japanese Customs Office
Japanese Ministry of foreign affairs
Japanese Ministry of Economic, Trade and Industry
Non Tariff Barriers
Some factors limit access to the Japanese market for foreign companies: recourse to exclusively Japanese standards, the importance of personal relations in doing business, a regulation policy oriented towards preference for national products, etc.
Quotas exist for certain marine products, certain organic chemical products, explosives, certain pharmaceutical and medical products, certain animals and plants in respect of the Washington Convention.
An import license is necessary for products subject to quotas, dangerous products and perishable goods.
Some goods are prohibited from importation.
Sectors or Products For Which Commercial Disagreements Have Been Registered With the WTO
Processed foodstuffs: pork, apples, alcoholic drinks, agricultural products.
Data-processing equipment, cars, steel, telecommunications, leather, etc.
The WTO gives details of these disagreements on the page of information concerning the country.
Assessment of Commercial Policy
Japan’s commercial policy, as seen by the WTO
Barriers to exchanges, inventoried by the United States
Barriers to exchanges, inventoried by the EU
Sanitary and phytosanitary barriers, inventoried by the EU
Find more on about Trade Policy in Japan.

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  • Prohibited and Restricted Imports of Japan

    Japan strictly prohibits entry of narcotics and related utensils, firearms, firearm parts and ammunition, explosives and gunpowder, counterfeit goods or imitation coins or currency, obscene materials, or goods that violate intellectual property rights.

    U.S. Commercial Service Japan on 6 Jan 2010 related to Trade Compliance in Japan

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  • Foreign Agricultural Service

    Part of USDA, the United States

  • U.S. Commercial Service Japan

    U.S. Department of Commerce, Japan