Law and Compliance in Lebanon

Overview by

Business Contract

General Observation
Law and practises are generally in favour of the Lebanese agents. It is thus necessary to be all eyes during the signature of a contract: specify terms of payment, sign a new contract every year and, if needed, call a lawyer.
Law Applicable to the Contract
Code of Civil Procedure.
Advisable Incoterms
It is preferable to choose an intercom FOB or CIF. Avoid the EXW if you do not want to be concerned with transport on the lebanese territory which can be complicated.
Language of Domestic Contract
French, Arab and English.
Other Laws Which Can Be Used in Domestic Contracts
Any law can be applicable. To mention when the contract is written.

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Legal Framework of Business

Equity of Judgments

Independence of Justice
The new appointments to judicial bodies should strengthen the independence of justice.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Equal treatment by the judicial institutions between Lebanese and foreigners.
The Language of Justice
The judicial language in the country is Arabic.
Recourse to an Interpreter
It is possible to have recourse to an interpreter.
Legal Similarities
The main source of the law in the country is the constitution of 1926 (amended many times, most recently through the Taif Accord). The legal system is a mix of Ottoman law, Napoleonic code and civil law. Lebanon has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.

The Different Legal Codes

Labour Law Regulations in empoyment contracts
Constitution Legal framework
Checking National Laws Online
Website where certain Lebanese laws are listed.
Website of the Council of Ministers
Website of the Ministry of Finances
Site of the Bank of Lebanon (laws concerning the banking sector)
Other Useful Resources
Ministry of Justice, Available in Arab only (French and English version under construction)
Country Guides
Info-Prod Research Middle East, Guide on lebanese rights

Find Legal Experts in Lebanon on

The Jurisdictions

Constitutional Council Respect of the Constitution
Ministry of Justice For more information on various jurisdictions (Arab only)

Court Officials

A lawyer's duty is to inform his clients about their rights and obligations. He can also represent his client in court with a plea.
He decides whether there has been malpractice or not and the resulting penalties.
Find more on about Legal and Compliance Issues in Lebanon.

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