Supply Chain in Malaysia
The 1998 Decree on Customs (prohibited exports), in accordance with the 1967 Law on Customs, sets out in three annexes the rules for control of exports. The first annexe includes the items subject to an absolute prohibition for export, for example exports of oil and petroleum products to Haiti, arms and other related materials of all types, including weapons and munitions, military vehicles and equipment, police equipment and spare parts. Exporting turtle eggs is forbidden as is exporting rattan from the Malaysian peninsula.
The second annexe covers goods subject to export licenses. Licenses are required for all exports to Israel and for 43 groups of products (animals and products of animal origin, fish, dairy products, rubber, palm oil products, pineapples, vegetables, rice, cocoa, minerals and ores, cement clinker, Portland cement, metallic waste, some chemicals, cinema films, roof tiles, wood, veneer woodshavings in plywood, old paper, textiles, clothes and military equipment, bricks, tin ingots, sugar, iron, steel and star fruit).
The third annexe covers goods which can only be exported if they fulfill certain conditions linked to the protection of wild life, health, security and antiques. The MITI and the Ministry of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs administer the licenses for most goods subject to control.
- Export Taxes
- 10% ad valorem for crude oil; between zero and 30% for palm oil (according to the price per tonne).
- Export Clearance
- Exemptions from duty or sales tax are granted for imports of all raw materials or components used directly in the manufacturing of approved products destined for export, especially packaging materials and crates. Article 93 of the 1976 Law on Customs provides for a refund of 90% of the Customs duty paid on goods which are imported then re-exported.
- Necessary Declaration
- Imports of electrical products need an authorization from the Malaysia Electricity Supply Board (JBEM). Raw materials, basic components or machinery imported into a free zone (FIZ) mean a list of the goods as well as a table of production flows must be sent to the Customs service for approval.
Controlling the Quality of the Products
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