Contracts in Morocco

Overview by

The Active Population in Figures

Main Indicators 20072006200520042003
Labor Force 11 148 00010,990,00010,825,00010,745,00010,902,000
Labor Force (Annual Growth, %) 1.401.400.70-1.405.00
Rate of Activity (%) 51.051.352.151.652.4
Unemployment Rate (%) 9.89.711.010.811.4

Source: High Commissioner for Planning

Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force) 2007
Agriculture, forest and fishing 42.1%
Industry and crafts 12.7%
Buildings and public works 8.4%
Trade 12.5%
Transport. warehouses and communication 4.0%
General administration and social services 10.2%
Other services 10.1%

Source: High Commissioner for Planning

For Further Statistics
High Commissioner for Planning
The economist
For Further Information About the Labor Market
Pay management

Management of Human Resources



Method of Recruitment
Majority of recruitments in Morocco are done by co-option or network. The word of the mouth is thus essential.
Advertisements in the newspapers are always reliable, while those on the Internet are developing rapidly.
Recruitment Agencies
There are many recruitment firms, most of theme being French-speaking.
On the other hand, one does not fine large international firms.
Link to a directory of recruitment firms.
Recruitment Websites
Employment exchange
Career option Source for Jobs in the Middle East
Job Rapido

The Contract

Type of Contract
Employment regulations have been adopted in July 2003 and is in force since June 2004. Employment contract is governed by legal provisions and to a lesser extent by collective agreements and individual negotiations.
The employment contract form is rather rigid. Three types of contracts coexist: the permanent contract, the fixed term contract and the contract to complete a given work.
Breach of Contracts
  • Retirement
  • Dismissals
The new type justifies only dismissal for serious error or plurality of disciplinary actions.
In all the other cases, dismissal will be regarded as incorrect and will require payment of compensation of prior notice of dismissal.
  • Other Possible Methods
Employee's approval expressed by a signed and certified resignation letter.
Agreement between the employee and the employer (meant for the factory inspector) cancelling the contract
Expiry of the contract or completion of work aimed at in the contract for a fixed term contract (involves damages).
Labor Laws
Employment regulations of 2004

Dispute Settlement


Conciliation Process

Cases of Dispute
Incorrect dismissals, delay in the payment of salaries, non-respect of the work legislation
  • Legal Framework
Employment regulations of 2004
  • Procedure
The first attempt at conciliation is done with the factory inspector.
If this fails, the governor of the province creates a provincial commission of investigation and conciliation and later on a National Commission in case the previous commissions do not succeed.

Judicial Structures

  • Legal Framework
Individual conflicts are settled in accordance with the legislation in force.
Employment regulations aims for conciliation of collective conflicts, in the event of failure, it takes recourse to an arbitration. The verdict may further lead to an appeal before the Supreme court.
  • Competent Legal Body
Inspection of Work
Delegation of Work to the Prefecture

Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Three federations stand out among the 17 existing trade unions: Moroccan Union of Work (UMT), the Democratic Confederation of Work (CDT), and General union of the Workers of Morocco (UGTM).
Their negotiation powers are overall weak because of the rupture and a rather cloudy management, but they are rooted in the company.
Unionization Rate
6% (official figures)
Democratic Confederation of Work
General Union of the workers of Morocco (In French)
Moroccan Labour Union
Regulation Bodies
Ministry for Employment and Professional Training
Index Mundi
Social Security National Office

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