Trade Policy and Regulations in Morocco
Foreign Trade in Figures
The deflation of commodity prices and weakness of its economic partnerships resulted in a decline in trade of nearly 22% at the end of 2009. The trade deficit thus decreased, but at the end of 2009 it still represented 21% of GDP.
Major sources of imports declines were wheat (-56%) and sulfur (-89%). In terms of exports, there was a considerable drop in the sales of phosphates and derivatives (-64%) and in 2009, the Moroccan Phosphates Board decided to suspend selling in order to prevent a collapse in prices and constitute a substantial stock for the economic recovery.
Morroco's two main export partners are the European Union (70% of trade, the main client and import partner being France, with 15.5% of foreign trade) and the United States. The main export commodities are clothing & clothes, electric machinery, inorganic chemicals, fish & other seafoods. Morroco's two main import partners are the European Union and China. The country mainly imports fuels & oil, electric and electronic machinery and equipment, vehicles, iron and steel.
Since 2000, the authorities have been trying to lower the trade deficit through a series of sector plans (“Emergence 1” and “Emergence 2” for the industrial sector, “Green Morocco” for agriculture et.). It should be noted that free trade accords were signed in 2004 with the United States, Turkey, Tunisia, Egypt and Jordan. The kingdom wishes to double its exports by 2018. An emergency plan was nevertheless launched at the beginning of 2009 in order to boost the export industries hit by the economic crisis (leather and textile goods, automotive equipment).
|Foreign Trade Indicators||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010|
|Imports of Goods (million USD)||23,980||32,010||42,366||32,881||35,522|
|Exports of Goods (million USD)||12,744||15,340||20,345||14,054||17,560|
|Imports of Services (million USD)||3,562||4,527||5,628||5,302||6,095|
|Exports of Services (million USD)||9,269||11,490||12,840||11,892||12,000|
|Imports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change)||8||15||12||-6||-|
|Exports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change)||12||5||7||-13||-|
|Trade Balance (million USD)||-9,756||-14,170||-19,497||-16,363||-|
|Current Account (million USD)||1,411||-122||-4,528||-4,971||-|
|Foreign Trade (in % of GDP)||74||81||88||68||-|
|Imports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP)||40||45||51||39||-|
|Exports of Goods and Services (in % of GDP)||34||36||37||29||-|
Source: WTO - World Trade Organization ; World Bank
Main Partner Countries
(% of Exports)
|Other partnersClose extended list||41.0%|
(% of Imports)
|Other partnersClose extended list||50.8%|
- Main International Economic Cooperation
- Member of
World Trade Organisation
Free Trade Agreement with the United States since 2005
Free Trade Agreement with the European Union since 2004.
In December 2009, Morocco and the EU signed an agreement to liberalize their trade in agri-food and fisheries. The agreement involved the removal of tariffs for 55% of total imports from Morocco.
The country is also part of the Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA), a pact of the Arab League entered into force in January 2005 which aims to form an Arabic free trade area.
The country have signed a trade agreement with 21 other countries in the São Paulo Round of the Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP).
- Assessment of Commercial Policy
Morocco’s commercial policy
Barriers to exchanges
Barriers to exchanges
- Average Customs Duty (Excluding Agricultural Products)
In 2007, the simple average of the tariff range was 23% (42% for agricultural produce) and weighted average 9.3% according to the
You can have access to the Moroccan customs tariff (in French).
- Useful Resources
Customs and Excise and Indirect Taxes Service (only in French)
- National Organization of Intellectual Property
- L' OMPIC (Moroccan Office of Industrial and Commercial Property) handles the registration of industrial patents, drawings and models and brands in Morocco. Consult also the Moroccan office of copyright.
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