Political Conditions in the Netherlands
- Type of State
- A constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy.
- Executive Power
- The chief of state is the Queen (visit the website of the royal family). Following parliamentary (lower house) elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed Prime Minister ( head of the government) by the monarch to serve a four year term. The Council of Ministers is appointed by the monarch on recommendation of the Prime Minister.
- Legislative Power
- A bicameral legislature. The parliament called States General consists of two chambers: First Chamber (upper house) and Second Chamber (lower house). The government has the right to dissolve the parliament, one or both the chambers.
- Main Political Parties
- CDA (Christian Democratic Appeal) – Christian democrats,
- CU (Christian Union) - a orthodox reformed political party with more centre-left ideas,
- D66 (Democrats 66) - a progressive-liberal and radical-democratic political party,
- Green Left - an eco-socialist and anti-capitalist political party,
- PvdA (Labour Party) – a social-democratic political party,
- PVV (Party for Freedom) - a right wing party known for their hard stands on immigration
- SP (Socialistic Party) - a left wing party forms of the remainder of the communist party, extremely socialistic,
- VVD (People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy) - a centre-right, free market, liberal party.
- Current Political Leaders
Queen: BEATRIX (since April 1980) hereditary
Prime Minister: Jan Peter BALKENENDE (since July 2002) CDA, heading a coalition government with the PvdA and CU until the next general elections in November 2010.
- Next Election Dates
First Chamber: May 2011
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 10 places up compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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