FDI in the Netherlands

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

FDI in Figures

The Netherlands is one of the European countries that attracts most of direct foreign investment (FDI).  A strong international orientation and a liberal policy towards foreign investment are the characteristics of the Netherlands' policies in this field.  Many Dutch companies are multinational by nature and a large number of these are listed on the foreign stock markets.  There are no regulatory restrictions on foreign direct investment. 
The Netherlands had shown an increase of its FDI stock until 2007; however, due to the financial international crisis, the FDI flows declined in 2008.  They have begun to increase again, a trend that should remain. 

The global investment report of the UNCTAD classifies the Netherlands as a front runner in what concerns countries with a high potential and a good performance for FDI.

Foreign Direct Investment 200720082009
FDI Inward Flow (million USD) 115,365-7,62126,949
FDI Stock (million USD) 728,212638,801596,669
Performance Index*, Ranking on 141 Economies 1314054
Potential Index**, Ranking on 141 Economies 1513-
Number of Greenfield Investments*** 131173155
FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****) 74.2-4.312.0
FDI Stock (in % of GDP) 93.673.275.3

Source: UNCTAD

Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.


FDI Inflows By Countries and Industry

Main Investing Countries 2009, in %
United States 18.5
United Kingdom 12.4
Luxembourg 10.5
France 9.6
Belgium 8.0
Germany 7.3
Ireland 4.7
Main Invested Sectors 2009, in %
Mining, oil and chemicals 24.2
Trade 10.3
Food, drinks, tobacco 10.4
Metal and electronics 6.4
Transport, storage and communications 3.6
Banking and insurance 1.0
Other services 38.3

Source: The Netherlands Bank

Form of Company Preferred By Foreign Investors
N. V. (Public Limited Liability Company)
Form of Establishment Preferred By Foreign Investors
Main Foreign Companies
National Foreign Investment Agency has stories and names on their website.
Sources of Statistics
Dutch Statistics Agency
Dutch National Bank

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Why You Should Choose to Invest in the Netherlands

Strong Points
The Kingdom's strong points are highly developed communication and transport infrastructures, a skilled, productive  and multilingual labor force, a strategic geographical location which is a gateway towards major European markets, a stable political and macro-economic environment and a very developped financial sector.
Weak Points
The country's weak points are the high cost of labor, the limited domestic market, relatively complicated legislation, a cumbersome administrative system and a structurally faulty road infrastructure.
Government Measures to Motivate or Restrict FDI
The Dutch economy is amongst the most open in the world. Since January 2007, the Dutch taxation environment for international companies has become even more attractive. The company taxation rate has dropped by 25.5%, which is well below the European Union average. The whole of the government measures can be referred to on the Netherlands Foreign Investment Agency website. 

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