Investment Opportunities in Norway

Overview by

Protection of Foreign Investment

Bilateral Investment Conventions Signed By Norway
Norway has signed bilateral investment treaties with several countries. A list can be found here.
International Controversies Registered By UNCTAD
Norway has not been involved in any case of disagreement concerning foreign investment up to now.
Organizations Offering Their Assistance in Case of Disagreement
ICCWBO , International court of arbitration, International chamber of commerce
Oslo Handelskammer , The arbitration and dispute resolution Institute of the Oslo chamber of commerce
ICSID , International Center for settlement of Investment Disputes
Member of the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

Country Comparison For the Protection of Investors

  Norway OECD United States Germany
Index of Transaction Transparency* 7.0 6.0 7.0 5.0
Index of Manager’s Responsibility** 6.0 5.2 9.0 5.0
Index of Shareholders’ Power*** 7.0 6.8 9.0 5.0
Index of Investor Protection**** 6.7 6.0 8.3 5.0

Source: Doing Business

Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.

Return to top

Procedures Relative to Foreign Investment

Freedom of Establishment
Acquisition of Holdings
A majority holding in a Norwegian company is legal.
Obligation to Declare
No specific text of law regulates foreign direct investments.
Competent Organization For the Declaration
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Trade and Industry
Requests For Specific Authorizations
Following sectors require specific authorization:
- Acquisition of waterfalls, power supply rights and mining rights.
- Acquisition of land, real estate and long term leases.
- Acquisition of farmland and forests
- Purchasing over 10 % of the share capital of a Norwegian financial institution.
- Direct investments in petroleum exploration and exploitation are subject to a government licence

If an investment requires a permit, the applicant should contact the Ministry of Trade and Industry.

Find Investment Service Providers in Norway on

Return to top

Office Real Estate and Land Ownership

Possible Temporary Solutions
Foreign companies don't have to seek concessions to rent real estate (commercial facilities, office space) if the rental period is under 10 years.
The Possibility of Buying Land and Industrial and Commercial Buildings
Generally it's possible for foreign investors to own real property, though ownership of certain real assets is restricted. Acquisition of real estate and land are subject to The Concession Act. These regulations apply when buying real estate or companies that hold real estate (or long term leases).
Risk of Expropriation
No cases of questionable expropriation. Expropriation is governed by The Land Act.

Return to top

Investment Aid

Forms of Aid
No significant forms of investment aid. There are some exceptions for the sparsely populated areas of northern Norway.
Privileged Domains
Privileged Geographical Zones
Minimal taxation in the Svalbard archipelago and lower social security payments, lower tax rates and extra deductions in the sparsely populated areas of northern Norway.
Free Zones
Organizations Which Finance
The Nordic Investment Bank, the Nordic Industrial Fund, the Nordic Environment Finance Cooperation. More information can be found at under the topic "Financing".

Return to top

Investment Opportunities

The Key Sectors of the National Economy
Petroleum and gas, food processing, offshore industry, fishing, shipbuilding, metals and mechanical engineering.
High Potential Sectors
Oil and gas field machinery/equipment and services, telecommunications, shipping and maritime equipment and services, renewable energy, environmental technology, medical equipment and supplies, security equipment.
Privatization Programs
Government ownership is freezed at current levels.
Tenders, Projects and Public Procurement
Ehandel, Public Procurement portal
Tenders Info, Tenders in Norway
Ted - Tenders Electronic daily, Business opportunities in EU 27
DgMarket, Tenders Worldwide

Return to top

Sectors Where Investment Opportunities Are Fewer

Monopolistic Sectors
Postal services, railways, domestic production and retail sale of alcohol.
Sectors in Decline
None in particular.

Return to top

Any Comments About This Content? Report It to Us.

Read more See less

No content has been posted to this folder yet.
Be the first to feature your expertise related to Investment Opportunities in Norway!

  • Post any content you may have that features your expertise, such as a text article with business tips, presentation, market report, etc
  • By sharing your knowledge you gain more visibility for your profile not only on but across the web

Post your content now by simply clicking on the button below.

Check these folders already populated with content posted by other users:

Click here to find out more about key benefits and instructions for contributing to the site.


Post any content you may have that features your expertise and offers valuable information to the international trade community.

The more informative content you post the more visible your will be, as your valuable content will link directly to your profile.

Check these sample pages for illustration: