Law and Compliance in Norway
- General Observation
- Obligations of the vendor and quality control must be stated clearly.
- Law Applicable to the Contract
- Norway has signed the Vienna Convention on International Contracts.
- Advisable Incoterms
- Most used terms are FOB and CIF.
- Language of Domestic Contract
- Norwegian, English
- Other Laws Which Can Be Used in Domestic Contracts
- The laws and courts of America, England and Switzerland provide fair justice and are understandable in English, which is likely to be accepted by your supplier.
Legal Framework of Business
Equity of Judgments
- Independence of Justice
- Justice is free and independent.
- Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
- Foreigners can expect an impartial trial from the country’s judicial system.
- The Language of Justice
- Norwegian and Sami. Citizens can use either bokmål or nynorsk.
- Recourse to an Interpreter
- Legal Similarities
- Mixture of customary law, civil law system, and common law traditions. The legal system is generally based on written statutes, but with some influence of common law principles. Supreme Court renders advisory opinions to legislature when asked. Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, but with reservations. Norway is a member of EEA and is required to adapt EU legislation in most policy areas.
The Different Legal Codes
|Foundation of the state, rights of individuals||The Constitution|
|Criminal Law||The Penal Code|
|Administration||Public Administration Act|
|Taxes||The Taxation Act|
|Environment||Environmental Protection Act|
|Company law||Limited Liability Companies Act, The Partnerships Act|
Find Legal Experts in Norway on GlobalTrade.net.
|The Supreme Court||Nation's highest court of justice. Gives final verdicts.|
|The Courts of Appeal||Court of second instance for appeal. Six apellate districts.|
|District courts||108 courts of first instance.|
|Special courts||Labour Court, The Industrial Disputes Tribunal, The Land Consolidation Courts.|
|Conciliation Boards||Located in each municipality. Mediates between disputing parties and is authorised to prononunce a verdict.|
- District Court judges
- Civil cases are judged by one professional judge, who may be assisted by two lay judges. Criminal cases are judged by one professional judge and two lay judges or, in some cases, two professionals and three lay judges.
- Courts of Appeal judges
- A senior judge president and several appellate judges assisted by lay judges.
- Supreme Court judges
- Chief Justice and 18 other judges. Appointed by the King after nomination by the Ministry of Justice and the Police.
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