Law and Compliance in Norway

Overview by

Business Contract

General Observation
Obligations of the vendor and quality control must be stated clearly.
Law Applicable to the Contract
Norway has signed the Vienna Convention on International Contracts.
Advisable Incoterms
Most used terms are FOB and CIF.
Language of Domestic Contract
Norwegian, English
Other Laws Which Can Be Used in Domestic Contracts
The laws and courts of America, England and Switzerland provide fair justice and are understandable in English, which is likely to be accepted by your supplier.

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Legal Framework of Business

Equity of Judgments

Independence of Justice
Justice is free and independent.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Foreigners can expect an impartial trial from the country’s judicial system.
The Language of Justice
Norwegian and Sami. Citizens can use either bokmål or nynorsk.
Recourse to an Interpreter
Legal Similarities
Mixture of customary law, civil law system, and common law traditions. The legal system is generally based on written statutes, but with some influence of common law principles. Supreme Court renders advisory opinions to legislature when asked. Accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, but with reservations. Norway is a member of EEA and is required to adapt EU legislation in most policy areas.

The Different Legal Codes

Foundation of the state, rights of individuals The Constitution
Criminal Law The Penal Code
Administration Public Administration Act
Taxes The Taxation Act
Environment Environmental Protection Act
Company law Limited Liability Companies Act, The Partnerships Act
Checking National Laws Online
Norwegian laws in English
Other Useful Resources
Ministry of Justice and the Police
Web sites of Norwegian courts
Online legal information
Country Guides
Jurist World Law
U.S Congress Law Library Norway

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The Jurisdictions

The Supreme Court Nation's highest court of justice. Gives final verdicts.
The Courts of Appeal Court of second instance for appeal. Six apellate districts.
District courts 108 courts of first instance.
Special courts Labour Court, The Industrial Disputes Tribunal, The Land Consolidation Courts.
Conciliation Boards Located in each municipality. Mediates between disputing parties and is authorised to prononunce a verdict.

Court Officials

District Court judges
Civil cases are judged by one professional judge, who may be assisted by two lay judges. Criminal cases are judged by one professional judge and two lay judges or, in some cases, two professionals and three lay judges.
Courts of Appeal judges
A senior judge president and several appellate judges assisted by lay judges.
Supreme Court judges
Chief Justice and 18 other judges. Appointed by the King after nomination by the Ministry of Justice and the Police.
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