Hammer Down Truck n Trailer / Road Reference Hand Book

A Hot Tip about Road Transport in Canada

Last updated: 9 Mar 2012

This is the ideal item to have in your truck while traveling North America and to have the information at your finger tips.

Hammer Down Truck n Trailer Road Reference Manual Welcome to Hammer Down Truck n Trailer / Road Reference Manual. It is designed for Long Haul Truck Drivers that travel throughout Canada and the United States. This manual will be a handy item to keep in your truck, providing you with the information that you will need to be a professional driver. Regardless if you are a new or an experienced driver you will find that the information contained herein will be helpful to you at any time. Happy Trucking and keep the sunny side up. Thank You and Enjoy Gary Ball Hammer Down Truck n Trailer Page Reference Manual Index 2 Hours of Service Rules – Canada 3 Hours of Service Rules – USA 4 Log Book Hours – Canada 5 Log Book Hours - USA 6 Pre trip Sheet Layout - example 7 Log Book Sheet Layout - example 8 Log Book Sheet Layout - continued 9 Driver Work Sheet / Mileage Pay 10 Conversion Table – Metric / Standard 11 Axle Weights - Truck, Tandem, Tridem & B-Train - Canada 12 Axle Weights -Truck, Tandem, Tridem & B-Train - USA 13 Axle Weight Distribution - Truck & Trailers 14 Axle Weight Distribution - continued 15 Strapping and Tarping - Flat Deck & B-Train 16 Brake Checks & Adjustments - Standard & Automatics 17 Tractor/Trailer Height, Width & Load Overhang 18 Winter Driving Tips 19 Government Phone Contacts 20 Government Phone Contacts - continued 21 Tools and Equipment needed for the Road 22 C B Terms 23 Driver’s notes The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Hours of Service Rules – Canada Page 2 Note: This is the last updated rules since June 2009 The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Hours of Service Rules – USA Page 3 Note : Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration last updated March / 2010 The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Log Book Hour Rules – Canada Page 4 Canada Example Pre - Trip : Minimum time –-------- 30 min. Off Duty Time : Minimum time ----- 10 hrs. Sleeper Birth : Minimum time -------- 8hrs. Driving Time : Maximum time -------- 13hrs. On Duty Time : includes pre trip time, Loading, unloading & driving time Total –-- 13hrs. Brake Checks : @ pullovers – On duty time minimum. --------------------------------- 15 min. Log book layout Example Pre Trip 0.5hrs. On-duty 1.5hrs. Driving time 11.0 hrs. Total time 13 hrs. Note : When days off remember to fill in your log book and write days off and the dates. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Log Book Hour Rules - USA Page 5 USA Example Pre-Trip: Minimum time ---------- 30 min. Off Duty Time: Minimum time - 10hrs. Sleeper Berth: Minimum time - 8hrs. Driving Time: Maximum time – 11hrs. On Duty Time: Includes pre-trip time, loading or unloading and driving time - 11hrs. Brake Check: at pullovers on-duty time minimum – 15 min. Log book layout Example Pre Trip 0.5hrs On-duty 1.5hrs Driving time 9.0 hrs Total time 11 hrs Note : When days off remember to fill in your log book and write days off. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Pretrip Sheet Layout – Canada / USA Page 6 Note : Please fill in a pre-trip sheet for your truck and trailer(s) and mark down any defects. Note: You must keep the last 7 days of your log sheets in your truck for inspection for the D.O.T. This is Mandatory These are JJ Keller’s loose-leaf pre-trip and log book sheets and it is recommended to use. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Log Book Sheet Layout Example Page 7 Please- fill in a separate log sheet for day’s off Note: You must keep the last 7 days of your log sheets in your truck for inspection for the D.O.T. These are JJ Keller’s loose-leaf pre-trip and log book sheets and it is recommended to use. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Log Book Sheet Layout Example Page 8 Please- fill in a separate log sheet for day’s off Note: You must keep the last 7 days of your log sheets in your truck for inspection for the D.O.T. These are JJ Keller’s loose-leaf pre-trip and log book sheets and it is recommended to use. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Drivers Work Sheet – Milage Pay Page 9 Note : It is important to keep these records for your own protection Drivers information only: Company you drive for: Driver’s Name : Truck # : Trailer / s # : Mileage Finish : Mileage Start : Total Mileage : Ex. Total mileage driven 1739 km’s driven x .062 (to miles) = 1078 miles X your pay rate: Ex. .40 cents a mile = $ 431.27. Note: Attach your yellow copy of your log book sheet to your work sheet, for your reference (Pay Day). Hand in your white sheet to the office. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Conversion Table - Metric / Standard Page 10 This is a handy item to have when figuring out your axle weights etc. Kilometers .062 Miles Miles to 1 .609 Kilometers Kilograms to 2.21 Pounds Pounds .4536 Kilograms Meters to Feet 3.28 Feet Feet to Meters .3048 Meters Cm. to Inches .3937 Inches Inches to Cm. 2.54 Centimeters Notes: The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Truck, Trailers and B Train Page 11 Axle Weights – Canada Kilograms - Canada Truck Steers - 5,500 kgs. Drives - 17,000 kgs. Trailers 48 / 53 Ft Vans & Flat Deck Tandem axle (2 axles) - 17,000 kgs. Tridem axle (3 axles) - 24,000 kgs. Trailers - B-Train Bridge - 24,000 kgs. Pup - 17,000 kgs. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Truck, Trailers and B Train Page 12 Axle Weights – USA Pounds - USA Truck Steers - 12,000 lbs. Drives - 34,000 lbs. Trailers 48/53 Ft Vans & Flat Deck Tandem axle - 2 axles: 34,000 lbs. Tridem axle - 3 axles: 42,000 lbs. Trailer – B-Train Bridge - 42,000 lbs. Pup - 34,000 lbs. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Truck, Trailer Axle Page 13 Weight Distribution Note: 1. 5th Wheel Notches = 113 kgs. or 250 lbs. 2. Trailers – Holes on trailer axle locking pins, If they are between locking holes. 3. 3 fingers-apart - they will be – 113 kgs. or 250 lbs. 4. A fist -apart they will be – 227 kgs. or 500 lbs. Note : Please look at your proper axle weights on Page 11 & 12 Ex. 1. Go over a weigh scale and if the truck steers are 5,700 kgs. or 12,597 lbs. and the drives are 16,000 kgs.or 35,360 lbs. and the trailer axle (Tandem axle) is 16,450 kgs. or 36,355 lbs., move off the weigh scale and lower the trailer landing gear to the ground. In the cab, flip off the air bags switch to lower the truck, now flip the fifth wheel lock switch for the fifth wheel to move. You now want to take 200 kgs. or 442 lbs. off the steers and onto the drives. Count the number of notches at the fifth wheel and move it back 3 notches, you now have 5,361 kgs. or 11,847 lbs. on the steers and now have 16,339 kgs. on the drives or 36,109 lbs. You now have to move the trailer axles to get the weight off the drives to be 17,000 kgs. or 34,000 lbs. Continued on page 14 The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Truck, Trailer Axle Page 14 Weight Distribution - Continue Note: 1. 5th Wheel Notches = 113 kgs. or 250 lbs. 2. Trailers: Holes on trailer axle locking pins, if they are between locking holes. 3. 3 fingers-apart: they will be - 113 kgs. or 250 lbs. 4. A fist-apart: they will be - 227 kgs. or 500 lbs. Note : Please look at your proper axle weights on Page 11 & 12 Ex. 2. If the steers are good @ 5,361 kgs. or 11.847 lbs. and the drives are 16,339 kgs. or 36,109 lbs. you now have to move your trailer axles back to take the weight off your drives. In your cab, flip the fifth wheel switch back to it’s normal position and raise your Landing gear on the trailer. If your trailer has the 3-finger space between each hole pins you now know what you have in weight, to move the axles back or forward depending on your drive weights. The same goes if the trailer axle pins are a Fist-apart. Count the number of holes from the front of the trailer axle frame, so that you know where you want the axles to be. Pull the lever so that the pins will go in and clear the frame to move your trailer axles, or there will be a box on the frame with a pull valve to release the pins. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Strapping and Tarping Your Load Page 15 Flat Deck and Super-B Train: Strapping on your Load: When hauling lumber or other similar products, if it is going to be a 4- high load you must strap the first 3 levels first and then again on the 4th level. When strapping your load turn the straps once before hooking to the buckle and not over the rub rail and do the same on the turn buckle to tighten up the straps. Note: No loose straps are allowed - Weigh Scale rules Tarping your Load: Put your tarps on top of the load with help from the forklift driver. Put one of your tarps at the front of the load and the other overlapping the first and so forth and fold out to cover your load. Bungee the front and rear tarp first and the sides last. Note: No loose tarps are allowed - Weigh Scale rules The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Brake Check and Adjustments Page 16 Tractor / Trailer Automatic Slack Adjusting: Note: Automatic slack adjusters may not always adjust themselves as you make a brake application. To adjust in your cab first block your wheels and now make sure your air pressure is up to 120 lbs. Release all brakes (Tractor and Trailers). With the engine running to help keep your pressure up, make a brake application @ 40 psi and hold for 10 seconds. You may or may not hear a clicking noise as they are adjusting themselves. Repeat procedure until you do not hear the clicking noise. To double check, turn engine off and go under the axles and your measurement on the slack adjuster travel should not exceed 1 inch. This should be done on every pre-trip Inspection. Tractor / Trailers None Automatic Slack Adjusters: To check your standard or s-cam adjusters, make sure your air pressure is up to 120lbs. Now block your wheels and go underneath the axles and pull on the slack adjusters to make sure you do not exceed ½ or ¾ inch. if so, turn your adjuster nut in all the way in the same direction as the s-cam turns until they are tight. Now back off until they reach no more than ½ or ¾ inch. Go in the cab and release your brakes and go underneath the axle and the slack adjuster rod should not exceed 2 inch. This should be done on every pre-trip Inspection The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Tractor / Trailer Height Page 17 Width- Overhang Tractor/Trailer-Height: The maximum allowable height for a commercial tractor & trailer should not exceed 4.15 meters or 13.6 feet for over - passes Tractor / Trailer-Width: The maximum allowable width for a commercial tractor, trailer should not exceed 2.6 meters or 8.5 feet. Flat Deck or B-Train Overhang: (front / rear) The maximum allowable overhang is 1 meter or 4 feet or 35% from your pin of your fifth wheel to the center of your trailer axles. Ex: measurement from pin to center of axles (center is between the axles) and then times it by 35%. That is the longest load you can carry without a permit. If a permit is required you can obtain it from your local Government. ( contact # on Page 19 ) You must put a red flag or a flashing light at the end of the load or possibly you may require a pilot car. Flat Deck or B-Train Overhang: (sides) The maximum allowable load should not exceed the width of the trailer, if so you will need a permit from your Government, a red flag or a flashing red light or if needed a pilot car. (Contact # on Page 20) The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Winter Driving Tips Page 18 Snow Chains ( Jewelry ) Carry two 4” x 4” x 2’ wood blocks in your jockey box of the truck. These are necessary to install your Jewelry. Place them either in front or rear of your rear axle inner tires and drive onto them. You now are ready to put your Jewelry on. Limited Axle Switch This is used for either mud or snow when needed. Flip the switch on the dash and this will give you a 2-wheel lock on your rear axle. Do not go very fast with the limited axle switch on, turn off as soon as possible. Inner Axle Switch This is used for either mud or snow, when you are stuck and need to get out of the situation only. This will lock up all axles and will want to make the tractor go straight and hard to steer. Take off the switch as soon as possible as it is hard on the rear axles. Sluggish Brakes in Cold Weather Methyl Hydrate is used to keep the moisture out of the air lines and stop them from freezing up. Take the air application line off and pour some down the line and reinstall your line. Release your brakes and pump them up a couple of times to get the Methyl Hydrate through your lines. This will help you feel your brakes better and stop them from freezing up. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Government Assisted Page 19 Phone Numbers 1. Dangerous Goods: In case of spill of liquid goods or another type of dangerous goods call 1–800–663–3456 Canada or contact your local police. 2. Commercial Vehicle Permit line: Canada permits available through this line include : Non-resident, Commercial vehicle permits, Terms oversize and overweight permits, Single trip oversize and overweight permits, Motor tax permits and highway crossing permits or contact your local weigh scale. You now can get a permit online @ www.cvse.ca and pay for it with a credit card and print it out or just keep the number with you, if pulled over by the D.O.T. For: British Columbia 1 800-559-9688 Alberta 1 800-662-7138 Saskatchewan 1 800-667-7575 Manitoba 1 877-812-0009 3. Complaint Line: If you see a driver swerving or not acting properly phone toll free @ 1 888- 775 - 8785 Continued on Page 20 The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Government Assistance Page 20 Phone Numbers continued 4. Weather Conditions: Weather Environment Canada @ www.weatheroffice.gc.ca for your road conditions in your area or for road closers and extreme road conditions. For: British Columbia 1 800-550-4997 Alberta 1 877-262-4997 Saskatchewan 1 888-335-7623 Manitoba 1 204-945-3704 For United States road conditions call: 1 800-657-3994 5. Canada Customs: Provides detailed information on restricted goods, tariffs, etc. Recorded information is available 24 hours a day. Customs officers are available during working hours @ 1 800-461- 9999 6. British Columbia Ferry Corporation: This number provides a 24 hour a day recorded schedule information, reservations and bookings and can be contacted @ 1 888-233-3779 or visit their website @ www.bcferries.com for more information. 7. Weigh Scales: This website @ www.cvse.ca provides weigh scales locations and times of operation, phone and fax numbers and mailing addresses. The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Tools and Equipment Page 21 Needed for the Road Log Book and Pre-trip: sheets & books are available at your local truck stops and dealers. Work clothes Calculator 5th Wheel Puller Hand Tools, wrenches, screw drivers, test light, Etc. Slack Adjuster Tool GPS system Pull Down Bar - Load Straps Belt Winder - Load Straps Camera – in case of an accident (‘throwaway’ will do) Heavy Gauge Jumper Cables Grease Gun High Visibility Vest Road Atlas - Canada & USA The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 C B Terms Page 22 These are the most commonly used terms used on the road Note: For more CB terms see my website @ www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com 4-Wheeler Regular car on the road Bear Cop car Plain White W Ghost Car (cop car) rapper Skate Board Flat deck trailer Bedbug Furniture mover Hauler Chicken Coop Weigh Scale Alligator A blown recap/ retread tire on the highway Back Door You’re on the back of another truck or a 4 wheeler Bambi A deer or another 4 legged animal Parking lot Car carrier Evil Motorbike Caneyville Sunny truck from rolling over or crashing side ep your Up Ke The information provided herein is only a general guideline A ny questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011 Driver’s notes : Page 23 _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _______________________________________________ Thank you and enjoy the book & Keep the sunny side up The information provided herein is only a general guideline Any questions please contact me @ hdtnt@shaw.ca www.hammerdowntruckntrailer.com Copyright 2011
Posted: 26 January 2012, last updated 9 March 2012

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