The Administrative Measures on Inspection, Quarantine and Supervision of Import and Export of Dairy Products, which will take effect on May 1, 2013 has been published.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number:
China - Peoples Republic of
Regulation on Inspection and Quarantine of Imp and Exp
FAIRS Subject Report
The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China has published
the Administrative Measures on Inspection, Quarantine and Supervision of Import and Export of Dairy
Products, which will take effect on May 1, 2013. A draft version was notified to the WTO as
G/SPS/N/CHN/355 on March 23, 2011. (see GAIN report 3/24/2011 ). This measure is targeting
increased oversight of dairy products, both imported and domestic, and reflects China’s
implementation under the 2009 Food Safety Law of a system wide focus on traceability and on
The report contains an unofficial translation of the final measure.
Administrative Measure on Inspection, Quarantine and Supervision of Import and
Export of Dairy Products
Chapter I General Principle
Article 1 In order to enhance inspection, quarantine and supervision of imported and exported dairy
products, this Measure is formulated in accordance with the Law on Food Safety of the People’s
Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as Food Safety Law) and its implementation regulations, the
Regulation on Supervision and Management of Dairy Quality and Safety, Law on Inspection of Imported
and Exported Commodities of the People’s Republic of China and its implementation regulations, the
Law on Quarantine of Imported and Exported Animals and Plants of the People’s Republic of China and
its implementation regulations, and the State Council’s Special Rule on Enhancement of Safety
Supervision and Management of Food and Other Products (hereinafter referred to as Special Rule).
Article 2 Dairy products described in this Measure include colostrum, raw milk and milk products.
Colostrum refers to milk produced from postpartum dairy stocks within 7 days.
Raw milk refers to natural milk without any change of component that is milked from udders of
healthy dairy stocks that comply with relevant regulations by Chinese government. Colostrums, milk
produced during antibiotics using period and withdrawal period, and alterative milk shall not be used
as raw milk.
Milk products refer to foods use milk as main ingredient, such as: pasteurized milk, sterilized milk,
modified milk, fermented milk, cheese and processed cheese, cream, butter, anhydrous cream,
condensed milk, milk powder, whey powder, whey protein powder and milk-based infant formula
foods. Those produced from fresh milk and without heat sterilization are called raw processed dairy
Article 3 General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (hereinafter
referred to as AQSIQ) is in charge of supervision and management of inspection and quarantine of
imported and exported dairy products.
AQSIQ’s local inspection and quarantine agencies of imported and exported goods (hereinafter
referred to as CIQ) are responsible for supervision and management of inspection and quarantine of
imported and exported dairy products in their respective regions.
Article 4 Producers and marketers of imported/exported dairy products shall operate their business
according to the law and regulations, behave on an honest and accountable basis to ensure food
safety, take responsibility to the public and society, accept social supervision and carry out social
Chapter II Import of Dairy products
Article 5 AQSIQ assesses the food safety management systems and food safety conditions of countries
or regions that export dairy products to China in accordance with related Chinese laws and regulations,
and conduct retrospective reviews in accordance with the safety conditions and needs of supervision
and management of imported dairy products.
For the countries or regions that export dairy products to China for the first time, the competent
authorities shall provide materials to AQSIQ for assessment, including legal system and organizations
of veterinarian health and public health, veterinarian service system, safety and health control system,
residuals monitoring system, animal epidemics inspection and monitoring conditions, and categories
of products planned to export to China.
AQSIQ will gather experts for assessment according to the law, and send experts to conduct field
investigation in the country (region). If the risk is identified as acceptable and relative requirements for
inspection and quarantine, including certificates is confirmed, the dairy products meeting the
requirements are allowed to be exported to China. Both sides can sign the protocol to confirm
inspection and quarantine Requirements.
Article 6 AQSIQ implements a registration system for overseas food producers (hereinafter referred to
as overseas producers) that export dairy products to China. Registration is executed subject to AQSIQ’s
Overseas producer shall be an entity established under official competent authority’s approval of the
exporting country (region) and comply with related laws and regulations of the exporting country
Overseas producer shall be familiar with and ensure that its dairy products exported to China will be
complied with China’s national standard of food safety and requirements, and be able to provide test
report of items regulated by the national standard. Overseas producer shall clarify the types and
brands of dairy products it plans to export to China when applying for registration.
The list of registered overseas producers shall be published on AQSIQ’s official website.
Article 7 Dairy products exported to China shall have health certificate(s) issued by the competent
authority of the exporting country (region). The certificate shall include information that:
1. the raw materials of the dairy products comes from healthy animals;
2. the dairy products do not have and will not transfer animal epidemics through processing;
3. the dairy producer is under supervision of the competent authority in the region where it
4. the dairy products are safe and fit for human consumption.
The certificate shall have the official stamp of the country (region)’s competent authority, and the
signature of its authorized representative. The destination shall be the People’s Republic of China.
The sample of the certificate shall be confirmed by AQSIQ and published on AQSIQ’s official website.
Article 8 In the event that a quarantine approval is required, the dairy products are allowed to be
imported after obtaining the Quarantine Import Permit for Animals and Plants of the People’s Republic
of China (hereinafter referred to as the Permit).
AQSIQ may adjust and announce the types of dairy products that shall have quarantine approval
according to the law.
Article 9 Exporters or agents that export dairy products to China shall submit required information for
record to AQSIQ. The exporter or agent shall provide information in accordance with relevant
requirements and be responsible for the authenticity of the information.
The list of record shall be published on AQSIQ’s official website.
Article 10 The inspection and quarantine agencies document and manage the importers of imported
dairy products. The importer shall have professionals in food safety, administrative personnel and
rules and regulations ensuring the food safety. The importer shall apply for registration at the local CIQ
where it registered the business according to AQSIQ’s regulation.
Article 11 The importer of imported dairy products or its agent(s) shall declare inspection to the CIQ at
the customs of declaration, while providing materials as follows:
1. necessary certificates, such as contract, invoice, packing list and bill of lading;
2. health certificate which complies with Article 7 under this Measure;
3. A test report of items listed in the corresponding national standards of food safety is required
in the event that the dairy is imported for the first time. Imported for the first time refers to
the dairy product with exactly identical information including overseas producer, product
name, formula, overseas exporter, and domestic importer which is imported from the same
4. A copy of the test report when first-time imported, and a test report of items requested by
AQSIQ is required for the dairy that is not imported for the first time. The items requested for
testing for non first-time import are decided by AQSIQ according to the situation including risk
monitoring of dairy and will be published on AQSIQ’s official website.
5. The dairy which fails the safety and sanitary requirements (including pathogen, mycotoxin,
contaminant, heavy metal and illegal additive) shall provide test report of items listed in the
corresponding national food safety standard when imported once again. If all the safety and
sanitary requirements are met for the five consecutive shipments, a copy of the test report of
items listed in the corresponding national food safety standard and a test report of items
requested by AQSIQ shall be provided when imported the next time.
6. Materials including sample of label in original language, Chinese translation of original label and
sample of Chinese label are required when importing pre-packaged dairy.
7. the Permit in the event that quarantine approval is required on the dairy to be imported;
8. certificate of import Permit issued by the Ministry of Health of the People’s Republic of China
(hereinafter referred to as MOH) in the event that the dairy is imported for the first time and
not covered by the national standard on food safety;
9. certificate of Permit issued by related authority in the event that the dairy has a function of
health care; and
10. certificate confirmed through diplomatic channel in the event that the dairy is labeled with
award, prize or certification.
Article 12 Importer shall ensure the imported dairy products comply with China’s national food safety
standards and public the type, place of production and brand of its imported dairy products.
The dairy that is not covered by the national standard on food safety shall comply with the
requirements included in the certificate of import Permit issued by MOH.
Article 13 The packing and transport tools of imported dairy products shall comply with requirements
on safety and health.
Article 14 Pre-packed dairy products shall have labels and instructions with Chinese language. These
labels and instructions shall comply with Chinese laws and regulations and national standard on food
Article 15 Imported dairy products shall be stored in a location that is designated or approved by the
CIQ prior to obtaining the Qualification of Inspection and Quarantine (hereinafter referred to as
Qualification) . Any unit or individual shall not handle the dairy without CIQ’s approval.
Article 16 CIQ shall inspect imported dairy products according to the measures regulated by Law on
Inspection of Imported and Exported Commodities of the People’s Republic of China. Imported dairy
products with risks of transmitting animal and plant diseases shall be quarantined according to the
Law on Quarantine of Imported and Exported Animals and Plants of the People’s Republic of China
Article 17 Imported dairy products shall not be marketed or used before being qualified from
inspection and quarantine and issued with certificate of imported goods inspection and quarantine by
The certificate of imported goods inspection and quarantine shall specify the information, such as the
product’s name, brand, exporting country (region), specifications, quantity/weight, production date
(lot number) and expiry date.
Article 18 CIQ will issue a certificate of disqualification for the imported dairy that fails to pass
inspection and quarantine. For those incompliant with safety, health and/or environmental protection
requirements, the CIQ is entitled to command the importer to destroy the goods or issue a notice of
goods return according to which the consignee shall return the goods back to the exporting country.
Those incompliant with other requirements may be retreated technically under CIQ’s supervision and
are allowed to be marketed and used after being qualified through inspection and quarantine.
Prior to destroy or return, the importer shall isolate the disqualified dairy products and store in a
location that is designated or approved by the CIQ, and shall not move them without CIQ’s approval.
The importer shall destroy the goods within three months, and report to CIQ the result.
Article 19 The importer shall establish a dairy import and sales recording system to record related
information of the imported dairy on an honest basis, including the Qualification No., name,
specifications, production date or batch number, shelf life, names and contacts of exporter and buyer,
and consignment date. The records shall be authentic and maintained for two years minimally.
CIQ should inspect the import and sales records of the importers in its responsible territory.
Article 20 For imported raw materials of dairy products all of which will be reexported after
processing, CIQ is entitled to inspect in accordance with the standard of the import destination
country (region) or the contract requirement, and marks “export processing only” on the Qualification
Article 21 CIQ should establish and maintain records of credits of imported dairy importers.
In case of identifying disqualified imported dairy products, CIQ can put the consignee, inspection
declarer and agent on the list of bad records; for those with illegal activities and filed administrative
penalty, CIQ can put them on the list of companies with illegal records and disclose to the public.
Chapter III Export of Dairy Products
Article 22 AQSIQ implements a registration system towards producers that export dairy products.
Registration is executed subject to AQSIQ’s regulations.
Exported dairy products shall be come from registered producers of exported dairy products.
Article 23 Dairy stock plants for raw milk export shall register at CIQ. On the basis of risk analysis, CIQ
monitors registered plants in terms of animal epidemics, residuals of pesticides and veterinary drugs,
environmental polluters and other poisonous and hazardous elements.
Article 24 Diary stock plants for raw milk export shall establish dairy stock breeding file, recoding the
information as the following:
1. varieties, quantities, propagation records, labeling, sources and entry dates of dairy stocks;
2. sources, names, target stocks, time and using quantities of inputs such as feedstuffs, feedstuff
additives, and veterinary drugs;
3. records of quarantine, immunization and sterilization;
4. records of dairy stock diseases, deaths and disposal of disqualified raw milk; and
5. records of raw milk production, storage, inspection and sales.
The records shall be authentic and shall be maintained for two years minimally.
Article 25 For breeding of dairy stocks with the purpose of raw milk export, it is not allowed to use
feedstuffs, feedstuff additives, veterinary drugs and other elements with direct or potential harms to
animals and humans and prohibited by China and importing country (region). Milk produced during
regulated drug period and withdrawal period of dairy stocks shall not be exported.
Article 26 Producers of exported dairy products shall comply with good production standard, establish
and implement Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP), and make sure its effective
Article 27 Producers of exported processed dairy products shall establish:
1. receiving and inspection system for raw materials, food additives and related products to
record faithfully the names, specifications, quantities, names and contacts of suppliers and
dates of receiving;
2. production record files to record faithfully safety management situations in food production
3. delivery inspection system to inspect every lot of dairy products to be delivered and maintain
inspection reports and sample dairy products;
4. delivery inspection recording system to inspect qualification certificates and safety of dairy
products to be delivered, recording faithfully the names, specifications, quantities, production
dates, shelf lives, lot numbers, qualification certificate No., names and contacts of buyers and
dates of sales.
The records above shall be true and shall be maintained for two years minimally.
Article 28 Producers of exported dairy products shall inspect or commit a qualified institution to
inspect raw materials and supportive materials used and finished dairy products to be exported, and
issue inspection report.
Article 29 The packing and transport manners of exported dairy products shall comply with safety and
For transport tools like containers, ship cabins, airplanes and vehicles used for delivery of perishable
dairy products which require refrigeration, the forwarder, container loading unit or their agents shall
clean and sterilize the transport tools and containers subject to related regulations and establish
records, and shall apply to the CIQ for inspection of loading capacity in terms of hygiene, sanitation,
refrigeration and airproof and reinforcement. The dairy products shall not be loaded before the
transport tools are inspected or in case the tools are judged as disqualified.
Article 30 The consigner of exported dairy products or its agent shall declare inspection to the CIQ
responsible for the region where the producer operates, while in accordance with AQSIQ’s regulations
on inspection declaration.
Article 31 CIQ formulates the plan of exported dairy random inspection based on the risk of exported
dairy products, safety and health quality management level of the producer, product safety and health
quality records, track record of export, and requirements of the importing country (region). The CIQ
inspects exported dairy products according to:
1. Inspection and quarantine requirement outlined in agreement, protocol and memorandum
between China and the importing country (region);
2. Laws and regulations of the importing country (region);
3. Inspection and quarantine requirements specified in trade contract or letter of credit; and
The dairy products from the importing country (region) without above standards or requirements shall
be inspected in accordance with China’s laws and regulations and national standard on food safety.
Producers and exporters of exported dairy products shall ensure their products comply with the
Articles 32 CIQ will issue Customs Clearance Document of Exported Goods or Exchange Certificate of
Exported Goods for exported dairy products qualified from inspection and quarantine, and will issue
inspection and quarantine certificate. CIQ will issue Notice of Disqualification of Exported Goods for
dairy products disqualified from inspection and quarantine which shall not be exported.
Article 33 The CIQ of the departure port of exported dairy products inspects the conformity of the
goods and certificates in accordance with the regulations on certificate exchange of exported goods.
For those qualified, Customs Clearance Document of Exported Goods will be issued in exchange of the
Exchange Certificate of Exported Goods; and for those disqualified, the CIQ will issue a certificate of
disqualification and the products shall not be exported.
The CIQ of the product origin and CIQ of the departure port should build up information exchange
mechanism to inform, on a timely basis, safety and health-related problems found during inspection
and quarantine of dairy products to be exported and report to superior units according to related
Article 34 Producers of exported dairy products shall establish product traceability system and related
files to ensure effective tracing. The files shall be maintained for two years minimally.
Article 35 Producers of exported dairy products shall establish sample product management system.
The conditions and periods of sample maintaining shall be appropriate to the characteristics of the
products and the quantity shall meet the requirement of inspection.
Article 36 In case of identifying disqualified exported dairy products, CIQ can put the producers and
sellers on the list of bad records; for those with illegal activities and filed administrative penalty, CIQ
can put them on the list of companies with illegal records and disclose to the public.
Chapter IV Risk Alert
Article 37 AQSIQ and CIQs should collect and process dairy safety information gained from active
monitoring, on-site inspection, lab inspection, notification from overseas organizations, notification
from domestic organizations, media and online reports, complaints and exposures, and information
forwarded by related authorities.
Article 38 Producers and sellers of imported/exported dairy products shall establish risk-related
information reporting system, prepare emergency plan upon dairy safety risk-related information, and
assign emergency liaison; and assign dedicated risk information reporting officer to report to the CIQ
in a timely manner of the risk-related information found, including product recall and disposal.
Article 39 CIQ should provide primary advice on the basis of confirmed and filed safety-related
information of imported/exported dairy products, and shall report to AQSIQ and notify local
governments and associated authorities in accordance with related regulations and procedures.
Article 40 AQSIQ and its directly controlled Inspection and Quarantine Bureaus shall notify risk warning
according to the levels of safety risk information of imported/exported dairy products. AQSIQ can
announce risk warning and decide to take the following measures:
1. restrict the import/export conditionally, including strong monitoring, enhancement of
inspection and command of recall;
2. prohibit the import/export and destroy or return the products; or
3. implement safety emergency plan for imported/exported dairy products.
CIQs are responsible for organizing and implementing risk warning and control Measure.
Article 41 In case of animal epidemic that would affect dairy safety or other significant food safety
incidents found in the country (region) that exports dairy products to China, AQSIQ may take risk alert
and control method included in Article 40 towards the imported dairy products subject to Chinese laws
AQSIQ may adjust risk warning and control methods through assessment on the basis of the change of
epidemic, the situation of how the food safety incident is solved, and related materials provided by the
competent authority from exporting country (region) and related diary producer(s).
Article 42 In the event the safety risk of imported/exported dairy products does not exist any longer or
has been reduced to an acceptable level, the risk warning notice and announcement and control
measure should be released in time.
Article 43 In case the imported dairy has safety-related problem and has been harmed or would harm
human health and lives, the importer shall actively recall the products and report to the CIQ of the
region, disclose related information to the public, notify wholesalers and retailers to stop wholesales
and retails, inform consumers to stop using the products, and create records of recall.
After receiving the report, the CIQ should conduct inspection and report to superior unit in accordance
with the scope affected by the imported dairy and subject to related regulations.
In case the importer fails to implement recall actively, the immediate Inspection and Quarantine
Bureau will send notice of forced recall to the importer and report to AQSIQ. AQSIQ may send notice
of forced recall if necessary. AQSIQ may notify or report risk warning and take the Measure specified in
Article 40and other Measure in order to prevent the occurrence of the harm.
Article 44 In case that safety problem that has harmed or would harm human health and lives is found
existing in the exported dairy, the producer shall take Measure to prevent and/or reduce the
occurrence of harms and report immediately to its local CIQ.
Article 45 During legal execution of responsibilities to inspect, quarantine and supervise
imported/exported dairy products, the CIQs is entitled to:
1. enter the sites of production/operation for inspection;
2. review, reproduce, suspend, and impound related contracts, bills, accounting books and other
3. suspend and impound disqualified products, illegally used raw materials, supportive materials,
additives and agricultural inputs, and tools and equipment used for illegal production;
4. close down the production/operation site that has significant potential of harming human
health and lives
Article 46 CIQ should report to AQSIQ and notify local government and related authorities of the
control Measure to be taken in accordance with related regulations.
AQSIQ will notify related authorities of the imported/exported dairy safety information and Measure
to be taken in accordance with related regulations.
Chapter V Legal Obligations
Article 47 In case that the seller markets and/or uses imported dairy which is identified through
inspection and quarantine as incompliant with national standard on food safety, the CIQ is entitled to
confiscate its illegal income, dairy products under illegal sales, and tools, equipment and raw materials
according to Article 85 and Article 89 under Food Safety Law. In the event that the value of illegal diary
products is less than 10,000 yuan, a penalty ranging from 2,000 yuan (exclusive) to 50,000 yuan
(exclusive) will be imposed; in the event the value is more than 10,000 yuan, a penalty ranging from
fives times (exclusive) to ten times (exclusive) of the value will be imposed; and in case of serious
situation, the seller will be deregistered.
Article 48 In case that the importer of dairy products takes one of the following activities, it will be
commanded to correct and be warned by CIQ in accordance with Article 87 and Article 89 in the Food
Safety Law; in case the importer fails to correct, a penalty ranging from 2,000 yuan (exclusive) to
20,000 (exclusive) will be imposed; and in case of serious situation, the exporter will be deregistered:
1. it fails to establish dairy import and sales recording systems;
2. the import and sales recording systems are not complete and/or true;
3. the import and sales records are maintained less than two years;
4. the records are altered or destroyed or there is other incident which causes impossibility of
revealing real situation;
5. it makes fake import and/or sales records;
Article 49 In case that the importer is found other illegal activities not included in Article 48 under this
Measure, the CIQ will confiscate its illegal income and dairy products and penalize a sum of three
times of product value in accordance with the special Article 8. In case that the activity is judged as
crime, the importer shall bear criminal obligation.
Article 50 In case that the exporter fails to comply with Food Safety Law and takes one of the following
activities, the CIQ will confiscate its illegal income, dairy products under illegal sales, and tools,
equipment and raw materials according to Article 89 and Article 85 under Food Safety Law; in the
event that the value of illegal diary products is less than 10,000 yuan, a penalty ranging from 2,000
yuan (exclusive) to 50,000 yuan (exclusive) will be imposed; in the event the value is more than 10,000
yuan, a penalty ranging from fives times (exclusive) to ten times (exclusive) of the value will be
imposed; and in case of serious situation, the producer of exported dairy will be deregistered:
1. it exports dairy without inspection declaration or inspection by competent CIQ;
2. it exports dairy that is identified as disqualified through inspection;
3. it exchanges, the dairy products that have been supervised, randomly inspected and issued
with inspection and quarantine certificate by CIQ with other dairy products;
4. The dairy to be exported comes from a producer not registered at CIQ.
Article 51 In case that the exporter is found other illegal activities not included in Article 50 under this
Measure, the CIQ will confiscate its illegal income and dairy products and penalize a sum of three
times of product value in accordance with the special Article 7. In case that the activity is judged as
crime, the exporter shall bear criminal obligation.
Article 52 In case of occurrence of one of the following activities, the CIQ will command the
organization to correct and will penalize a sum of less than three times of illegal income, if any, and
the sum does not exceed 30,000 yuan; in case of no illegal income, the penalty is less than 10,000
1. The importer of imported dairy fails to dispose the disqualified products within the period
regulated by the CIQ;
2. The importer of imported dairy breaches Article 18 under this Measure that it fails to take
necessary Measure to isolate and store separately the disqualified products before they are
destroyed or returned;
3. The importer of imported dairy moves, without permission, the disqualified products away
from the location designated or approved by the CIQ;
4. The dairy stock plant for raw milk export fails to comply with related regulations when using
agricultural chemicals during breeding process;
5. The records of the dairy stock plant for raw milk export are found not true or the records are
maintained less than two years;
6. The producer of exported dairy fails to establish or ensure the effectiveness of the traceability
7. The producer of exported dairy fails to establish sample product management system or the
sample maintained does not conform with real product;
8. The exporter of dairy fails to comply with packing and transport regulations included in this
Article 53 Related laws and regulations shall apply in case of other illegal activities of
producers/operators of imported/exported dairy products, CIQs and/or their staffs.
Chapter VI Attached Articles
Article 54 The consignee and/or consigner of diary is entitled to apply for re-inspection in accordance
with the Management Measure on Re-inspection of Imported and Exported Commodities if it
disagrees with the result of inspection and quarantine.
Article 55 Dairy products which are for feedstuff, non-edible or imported/exported through express,
mailing or brought by passengers shall be handled in accordance with corresponding regulations.
Article 56 AQSIQ is responsible for interpreting this Measure.
Article 57 This Measure goes into force on May 1, 2013.