Cyprus Citrus 2010

An Expert's View about Sourcing in Cyprus

Last updated: 19 Mar 2011

MY 2010/2011 Cypriot citrus production is forecast to increase by 5 percent, thanks to the increased availability of irrigation supplies, despite the lack of rain since the summer.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 12/14/2010 GAIN Report Number: GR1009 Greece Post: Rome Greece - Cyprus Citrus 2010 Report Categories: Citrus Approved By: James Dever Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: MY 2010/2011 Greek citrus consumption is forecast to decrease by 15 percent, as a consequence of the Greece?s economic downturn and reduced purchasing power. MY 2010/2011 Cypriot citrus production is forecast to increase by 5 percent, thanks to the increased availability of irrigation supplies, despite the lack of rain since the summer. Grapefruit from Cyprus, the second largest EU-27 grapefruit producer, is regarded as amongst the best worldwide and represents more than 30 percent of total exported citrus fruit. Greece Oranges Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2008 2009 2010 Est. Est. For. Oranges 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 39,650 39,650 39,650 Area Harvested 39,000 39,000 36,874 Production 727,100 996,000 922,000 Imports 7,608 8,500 8,450 Total Supply 734,708 1,004,500 930,450 Exports 231,830 370,000 375,000 Fresh Dom. Consumption 307,878 437,500 339,450 For Processing 195,000 197,000 216,000 Total Distribution 734,708 1,004,500 930,450 Source: CLAM (Liaison Committee of Mediterranean Citrus), GTA (Global Trade Atlas), Greek industry contacts PRODUCTION MY 2010/2011 (November/October) Greek orange production is forecast to decrease by 7 percent compared to the previous year. Despite that, Greek officials consider the expected production (922,000 MT) a good crop, both in terms of quality and quantity, even considering the current Greek economic crisis. The recent rainfall should help improve the size. Peloponnese and Aitoloakarnaia (western Greece) are the main orange-producing areas. Washington Navel, Commons, Valencia, Navelina, and Newhall are the major orange varieties grown in Greece. CONSUMPTION MY 2010/2011 Greek orange consumption is forecast to decline by 22 percent, as a consequence of the Greece?s financial downturn and reduced purchasing power. Most oranges are consumed fresh (channeled to the fresh open markets and grocery stores). Commons variety is predominantly used in processing. TRADE MY 2010/2011 Greek orange exports are forecast to remain steady from the previous year. Romania, Germany, Serbia, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, and Bulgaria continue to be the main destination for Greek oranges. Navels and Tardives are mostly marketed from November through March. Greece imports its oranges mainly from South Africa, accounting for 53 percent of the total. Orange Juice Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2008 2009 2010 O Est. 2008/2009 Est. 2009/2010 For. 2010/2011 range Juice Post Data Post Data Post Data Deliv. to Processors 195,000 197,000 216,000 Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 Production 11,992 12,115 13,284 Imports 3,661 1,783 1,550 Total Supply 15,653 13,898 14,834 Exports 1,009 1,190 1,234 Domestic Consumption 14,644 12,708 13,600 Ending Stocks 0 0 0 Total Distribution 15,653 13,898 14,834 Source: CLAM, GTA The quantity of fresh oranges expected to be processed in Greece during MY 2010/11 is 216,000 MT, with production of 13,284 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined to the fresh market, both domestic and foreign. Tangerines Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2008 2009 2010 Est. Est. For. Tangerines 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 7,500 7,500 7,500 Area Harvested 7,500 7,500 7,200 Production 59,800 100,000 110,000 Imports 3,535 4,877 4,900 Total Supply 63,335 104,877 114,900 Exports 33,056 67,420 68,000 Fresh Dom. Consumption 29,279 36,457 45,900 For Processing 1,000 1,000 1,000 Total Distribution 63,335 104,877 114,900 Source: CLAM, GTA, Greek industry contacts PRODUCTION MY 2010/2011 (November/October) Greek tangerine production is expected to increase by 10 percent due to better weather. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Igoumenitsa, Arta, Mosologgi, and Thesprotia, located in northern Greece. Clementine is the major tangerine variety grown in Greece. CONSUMPTION MY 2010/2011 Greek tangerine consumption is forecast to significantly increase by 26 percent, driven by the growing production. Most tangerines are consumed fresh. Clementines are strongly promoted along the west coast and cover early and late season demands, both domestically and abroad. TRADE MY 2010/2011 Greek tangerine exports are forecast to remain stable. Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Germany represent the main destination for Greek tangerines. Clementines are marketed from January to May. Greece imports small amounts of fresh tangerines mainly from Italy and France, accounting for 68 percent of the total. Lemons Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2008 2009 2010 Lemons Est. 2008/2009 Est. 2009/2010 For. 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 11,800 11,800 11,800 Area Harvested 11,800 11,800 11,328 Production 29,600 33,000 46,000 Imports 59,554 35,482 30,000 Total Supply 89,154 68,482 76,000 Exports 6,910 5,500 5,000 Fresh Dom. Consumption 82,244 62,982 71,000 For Processing 0 0 0 Total Distribution 89,154 68,482 76,000 Source: CLAM, GTA, Greek industry contacts PRODUCTION MY 2010/2011 (November/October) Greek lemon production is forecast to increase by 39 percent, due to favorable weather. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Korinthos, Achaia, Piraeus, and Ilias, located in northern Greece. The major lemon variety grown in Greece is Maglini, whose fruit is strongly aromatic, with a quite sour juice. It has a thin, shiny peel and when fully ripe has a yellow color. CONSUMPTION MY 2010/2011 Greek lemon consumption is forecast to increase by 13 percent, due to a growing production and resulting attractive prices. Greek lemon production is totally destined for the fresh market. Greece has become increasingly reliant on imported lemon juice to meet the consumer demand, because of the increase in tourism and in consumption of soft drinks. The yield for lemon juice is 15-17 Kg of fresh lemons to produce 1 Kg of lemon juice, depending on the quality of the fruit. TRADE Greece is a big importer of lemons. MY 2010/2011 Greek lemon imports are forecast to decrease by 9 percent, as a consequence of the increased production. Greece imports the majority of its lemons from Argentina, Turkey, and Italy, accounting for 88 percent of the total. Maglini lemon variety is marketed from December to May and from September to November after artificial ripening. Greek lemons are sold mainly to Italy, Bulgaria, and Romania, accounting for 52 percent of the total. Grapefruits Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2008 2009 2010 Est. Est. For. Grapefruits 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 100 100 100 Area Harvested 100 100 96 Production 6,500 5,800 5,800 Imports 2,760 2,500 2,500 Total Supply 9,260 8,300 8,300 Exports 1,108 1,112 1,112 Fresh Dom. Consumption 7,352 6,388 6,388 For Processing 800 800 800 Total Distribution 9,260 8,300 8,300 Source: CLAM, GTA, Greek industry contacts PRODUCTION MY 2010/2011 (November/October) Greek grapefruit production is expected to remain steady from the previous year. The prefectures of Corinth and Kavala, the region of Thessaly, and the island of Crete are the major grapefruit-producing areas. CONSUMPTION MY 2010/2011 Greek grapefruit consumption is forecast to remain stable. Most grapefruits are consumed fresh. TRADE MY 2010/2011 Greek grapefruit trade volumes are expected to remain steady. Greece imports the majority of its grapefruit from South Africa and Cyprus. Greek grapefruits are sold mainly to Poland, Macedonia, and Romania. Cyprus Oranges Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2008 2009 2010 Oranges Est. 2008/2009 Est. 2009/2010 For. 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 5,500 5,500 5,500 Area Harvested 5,500 5,500 5,500 Production 24,100 70,900 74,500 Imports 628 593 590 Total Supply 24,728 71,493 75,090 Exports 4,977 8,190 8,200 Fresh Dom. Consumption 1,451 38,803 41,390 For Processing 18,300 24,500 25,500 Total Distribution 24,728 71,493 75,090 Source: CLAM, GTA PRODUCTION Oranges have been grown in the island of Cyprus since the 1950s. MY 2010/2011 (November/October) Cypriot orange production is forecast to slightly increase by 5 percent, thanks to the increased availability of irrigation supplies, despite the lack of rain since the summer. Famagusta, Limassol, Larnaca, and Paphos districts are the major orange-producing areas. Navels, Ovals (Shamoutis), and Valencia are the main orange varieties grown in Cyprus. CONSUMPTION MY 2010/2011 Cypriot orange consumption is expected to grow by 7 percent, as a consequence of the increased production. Most oranges are consumed fresh (channeled to the fresh open markets and grocery stores). TRADE MY 2010/2011 Greek orange exports are forecast to remain steady from the previous year. United Kingdom and Russia are the main destination for Cypriot oranges, accounting for 63 percent of the total. Tardives variety is marketed during March and April. Cyprus imports small amounts of oranges from Netherlands, Greece, Spain, and Italy. Orange Juice Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2008 2009 2010 O Est. 2008/2009 Est. 2009/2010 For. 2010/2011 range Juice Post Data Post Data Post Data Deliv. to Processors 18,300 24,500 25,500 Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 Production 1,125 1,507 1,568 Imports 224 436 427 Total Supply 1,349 1,943 1,995 Exports 731 823 828 Domestic Consumption 618 1,120 1,167 Ending Stocks 0 0 0 Total Distribution 1,349 1,943 1,995 Source: CLAM, GTA The quantity of fresh oranges expected to be processed in Cyprus during MY 2010/11 is 25,500 MT, with production of 1,568 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined to the fresh market, both domestic and foreign. Tangerines Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2008 2009 2010 Est. Est. For. Tangerines 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 1,800 1,800 1,800 Area Harvested 1,800 1,800 1,800 Production 41,100 82,000 85,800 Imports 310 368 375 Total Supply 41,410 82,368 86,175 Exports 21,846 28,100 28,200 Fresh Dom. Consumption 19,564 54,268 57,975 For Processing 0 0 0 Total Distribution 41,410 82,368 86,175 Source: CLAM, GTA PRODUCTION All types of tangerines and hybrids represent 39 percent of total citrus production in Cyprus. MY 2010/2011 (November/October) Cypriot tangerine production is expected to grow by 5 percent, due to the increased availability of irrigation supplies, despite the lack of rain since the summer. Famagusta, Limassol, Larnaca, and Paphos districts are the major orange-producing areas. Mandoras, Tangelo, Minneolas, Nova, and Clementines are the main tangerine varieties grown in Cyprus. CONSUMPTION MY 2010/2011 Cypriot tangerine consumption is forecast to increase by 7 percent. All tangerines are consumed fresh. Mandoras and Minneolas varieties cover early and late season demands, both domestically and abroad. New experimental strains on modern root stock hold high expectations for the next years. TRADE MY 2010/2011 Cypriot tangerine exports are expected to be stable. Russia, United Kingdom, and Sweden are the main destination for Cypriot tangerines, accounting for 53 percent of the total. Divers, Nova, and Ortanique varieties are mainly marketed from December to February. Cyprus imports small quantities of fresh tangerines from Israel and Greece. Lemons Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2008 2009 2010 Lemons Est. 2008/2009 Est. 2009/2010 For. 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 600 580 580 Area Harvested 600 580 580 Production 15,000 10,800 11,500 Imports 1,582 1,352 1,300 Total Supply 16,582 12,152 12,800 Exports 4,276 1,920 1,900 Fresh Dom. Consumption 10,906 8,932 9,600 For Processing 1,400 1,300 1,300 Total Distribution 16,582 12,152 12,800 Source: CLAM, GTA PRODUCTION MY 2010/2011 (November/October) Cypriot lemon production is forecast to increase by 7 percent, thanks to the increased availability of irrigation supplies, despite the lack of rain since the summer. Lapithos village is the main lemon-producing area. Lapithiotiki (a local variety), Eureka, and Lisbon are the major lemon varieties grown in Cyprus. CONSUMPTION MY 2010/2011 Cypriot lemon consumption is forecast to increase by 8 percent, due to the increased domestic production. Lapithiotiki lemon variety boasts the highest per capita domestic consumption, due to its distinctive aroma and taste. It has a thin skin, oval shape, rich flesh, firm yellow rind, and the majority of the fruits are seedless. TRADE MY 2010/2011 Cypriot lemon exports are forecast to remain steady from the previous year. Cypriot lemons are sold mainly to Austria, Czech Republic, and Belgium. Cyprus imports small amounts of lemons from Argentina and Greece. Cypriot lemons are marketed during December and January. Grapefruits Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2008 2009 2010 Est. Est. For. Grapefruits 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 500 500 500 Area Harvested 500 500 500 Production 27,100 48,000 50,500 Imports 83 83 80 Total Supply 27,183 48,083 50,580 Exports 12,557 11,270 11,200 Fresh Dom. Consumption 326 18,013 19,380 For Processing 14,300 18,800 20,000 Total Distribution 27,183 48,083 50,580 Source: CLAM, GTA PRODUCTION Grapefruit from Cyprus, the second largest EU-27 grapefruit producer, is regarded as amongst the best worldwide and represents more than 30 percent of total exported citrus fruit. MY 2010/2011 (November/October) Cypriot grapefruit production is forecast to grow by 5 percent, thanks to the increased availability of irrigation supplies, despite the lack of rain since the summer. White Marsh Seedless, mostly grown in the Limassol area, is the major grapefruit variety grown in Cyprus. New plantations have been established in the district of Paphos where the Red varieties (Star Ruby, Red Blush, and Rio Red) were introduced to meet the increased market demand. CONSUMPTION MY 2010/2011 Cypriot grapefruit consumption is expected to grow by 6 percent. Cypriot grapefruits are both consumed fresh and channeled to food and beverage manufacturers. TRADE MY 2010/2011 Cypriot grapefruit exports are expected to reflect the MY 2009/2010 figures. Italy and United kingdom represent the main destination for Cypriot grapefruit exports, accounting for 57 percent of the total. Cyprus imports small quantities of grapefruit from South Africa, Italy, Greece, and Netherlands.
Posted: 19 March 2011, last updated 19 March 2011