Finland has built up a world-class standard expertise in technology, which covers the entire bioenergy chain. Wind technology providers are significant players worldwide, too.
Finland - renewable energy
Finland's arctic conditions and scarce domestic energy resources have made the country one of the
leading users of renewable energy sources in the world.
Today, renewables provide one quarter of Finland?s total energy consumption and account for more
than one quarter of its electricity generation.
The most important renewable sources of energy in Finland include bioenergy ? wood and wood-
based fuels in particular ? as well as hydropower, wind power and ground-source heat.
Based on this extensive use of renewables, Finland has built up a world-class standard expertise in
related technology, which, for instance, covers the entire bioenergy chain - from collection of wood-
based material to the boilers using biomass.
The roots of this development lie in the forest industry that started to utilize its by-products for
producing heat and electricity several decades ago.
For instance, fluidized bed boilers and also other
technologies for combined heat and power generation
(CHP) or cogeneration have been mainly developed in
In combined heat and power generation the excess heat is
captured and used for heating or cooling purposes. This
means that less fuel needs to be consumed to produce the
same amount of useful energy.
The plant potentially reaches an efficiency of up to 90 percent compared with 45 percent for the
best conventional plants.
Combined heat and power generation is one of the most cost-efficient methods of reducing carbon
emissions when the plant is fuelled by local wood-based biomass and the heat is used on site or
very close to the plant.
Finnish companies in the forest and energy industries are also currently
developing new- generation biofuels from wood-based raw materials as well as
third generation biofuels from non-wood and non-food vegetable matter.
Although Finland?s wind power production only accounts for 0.3
percent of Finnish electricity consumption, Finnish wind power
technology providers - including turbine, gear and generator
manufactures with advanced technologies - are significant players
in the markets worldwide.
Typical feature of Finnish wind power technology is the high
reliability. Long maintenance cycle also decreases maintenance
Finland has also invested in development work for solar cells, panels and heating systems since
1980s. Today, the Finnish technology is in use worldwide for powering telecom base stations, health
centers and schools in remote areas, especially in developing countries.