MRL Changes in Indoxacarb and other five chemicals Standards in Japan

A Hot Tip about Law and Compliance in Japan

Posted on: 24 Dec 2009

On October 2, 2009, Government of Japan announced proposed changes to the MRLs for Indoxacarb, Esprocarb, Trifloxystrobin, Prosulfocarb and Metalaxyl/Mefenoxam. The comment period will close on October 16, 2009.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary - Public Date: 2009/10/06 GAIN Report Number: JA9064 Japan Post: Tokyo MRL Changes in Indoxacarb and other five chemicals Report Categories: Sanitary/Phytosanitary/Food Safety Approved By: Jeffrey Nawn Prepared By: Suguru Sato Report Highlights: On October 2, 2009, Government of Japan announced proposed changes to the MRLs for Indoxacarb, Esprocarb, Trifloxystrobin, Prosulfocarb and Metalaxyl/Mefenoxam. The comment period will close on October 16, 2009. After the domestic comment period closes, MHLW will then notify those proposed changes to the WTO/SPS Committee, which will provide last chance for public comments to be submitted to this subject. General Information: On October 2, 2009, Government of Japan announced proposed changes to the MRLs for Indoxacarb, Esprocarb, Trifloxystrobin, Prosulfocarb and Metalaxyl/Mefenoxam. The comment period will close on October 16, 2009. After the domestic comment period closes, MHLW will then notify those proposed changes to the WTO/SPS Committee, which will provide last chance for public comments to be submitted to this subject. Then after the closing of a the comment period in the WTO, a final report will be made based on the conclusions of a session of the Pharmaceutical Affairs and Food Sanitation Council slated to be held at a later date; this will constitute the final decision. The comments can be either Japanese or English. If you have comments, please send them directly to the Japanese Government at: Standards and Evaluation Division, Department of Food Safety, Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare 1-2-2, Chiyoda-ku, Kasumigaseki, Tokyo, 100-8916 Tel: 03-5253-1111 Fax: 03-3501-4868 Mr. K. OGI (ogi-katsuhiro@mhlw.go.jp) Ms. N. SARUTA (saruta-noriko@mhlw.go.jp) Ms. A. NAKATA (nakata-ayumi@mhlw.go.jp) Mr. H. WATANABE (watanabe-hidemi@mhlw.go.jp) Ms. K. MIYOSHI (miyoshi-kanako@mhlw.go.jp) Tel. ex. 4273, 2486, 4281, 2487 Please also consider copying the U.S. Embassy, Tokyo at agtokyo@usda.gov on your comments in order for them to be considered as part of the official U.S. Government comments to the WTO. Pesticides and Other Contaminants: Establishment of Maximum Residue Limits for Agricultural Chemicals in Food Purpose and Background The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) is going to develop the compositional specification for food. Under the provisions of Article 11, Paragraph 1 of the Food Sanitation Law, the MHLW is authorized to establish residue standards (maximum residue limits: MRLs) for pesticides, feed additives, and veterinary drugs (hereafter referred to as just ?agricultural chemicals?) that may remain in foods. Any food for which standards are established pursuant to the provisions is not permitted to be marketed in Japan unless such food complies with the established standards. On May 29, 2006, the MHLW introduced the positive list system for agricultural chemicals in food.* Basically, all foods distributed in the Japanese marketplace are subject to regulation based on the system. This time the MHLW has newly established MRLs (draft) for some food commodities as well as has comprehensively reviewed the current MRLs. This activity is targeted to five chemicals: Indoxacarb (pesticide), Esprocarb (pesticide), Trifloxystrobin (pesticide), Prosulfocarb (pesticide) and Metalaxyl and Mefenoxam (pesticide). Details are given below. Note: The positive list system was established based on the 2003 amendment of the Food Sanitation Law. The system aims to prohibit the distribution of any food in the Japanese marketplace if it contains agricultural chemicals at amounts exceeding a certain level (0.01 ppm) specified under the Law. Outline of revision Indoxacarb (insecticide): This chemical has two optical isomers. Currently, the racemic form of this chemical is permitted for use in Japan. This time the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) has decided to approve a non-racemic compound with a different ratio of the two isomers from the approved compound, based on the Agricultural Chemicals Regulation Law. In response to the MAFF?s action, the MHLW has newly established MRLs (draft) for some crops and has comprehensively reviewed the existing MRLs. For draft MRLs, see Attachment 1-1. Esprocarb (herbicide): This chemical is already permitted for use in Japan. This time MAFF will expand the scope of target crops for which the use of the chemical is permitted. In response to the MAFF?s action, the MHLW has newly established MRLs (draft) for some crops and has comprehensively reviewed the existing MRLs. For draft MRLs, see Attachment 1-2. Trifloxystrobin (fungicide): This chemical is already permitted for use in Japan. This time MAFF will expand the scope of target crops for which the use of the chemical is permitted. Also, an application has been filed by a foreign business with the MHLW for the establishment of MRLs for this chemical, based on the Guideline for Application for Establishment and Revision of Maximum Residue Limits for Agricultural Chemicals Used outside Japan, published on 5 February 2004. In response to the MAFF?s action and the manufacture?s application, the MHLW has newly established MRLs (draft) for some crops and comprehensively reviewed the existing MRLs. For draft MRLs, see Attachment 1-3. Prosulfocarb (herbicide): This chemical is not permitted for use in Japan. This time MAFF has decided to approve the chemical based on the Agricultural Chemicals Regulation Law. In response to the MAFF?s action, the MHLW has newly established MRLs (draft) for some crops. For draft MRLs, see Attachment 1-4. Metalaxyl and Mefenoxam (fungicide): This chemical has two optical isomers. Currently, the racemic form of this chemical is permitted for use in Japan. This time MAFF has decided to approve one of the optical isomers, based on the Agricultural Chemicals Regulation Law. In response to the MAFF?s action, the MHLW has newly established MRLs (draft) for some crops and has comprehensively reviewed the existing MRLs. For draft MRLs, see Attachment 1-5. The existing MRLs for Indoxacarb and Trifloxystrobin and Metalaxyl and Mefenoxam appear in either of the MRLs List (the Item 6, Section A ?General Compositional Standards for Food,? Part I ?Food? of the Specifications and Standards for Food, Food Additives, Etc.) or Provisional MRLs List (Item 7, Section A), according to food commodities. These MRLs have been modified as necessary. Finalized MRLs will be placed on the MRLs List in Item 6, and the MRLs currently placed in Item 7 will be deleted. Attachment 1-1 Indoxacarb?insecticide? MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm Corn (maize, including pop corn and sweet corn) 0.02 0.02 Soybeans, dry 5 0.5 Beans , dry2 0.2 0.2 Peas 0.2 Broad beans 0.2 Peanuts, dry 0.02 0.01 Ot her legumes/pulses3 0.2 0.2 Potato 0.2 0.1 Taro 0.05 0.1 Sw eet potato 0.05 0.1 Yam 0.01 0.1 Konjac 0.1 Ot her potatoes4 0.01 0.1 Sugar beet 0.05 0.1 Japanese radish, roots (including radish) 0.05 0.1 Japanese radish, leaves (including radish) 5 5 Turnip, roots (including rutabaga) 0.1 Turnip, leaves (including rutabaga) 0.5 H orseradish 0.1 W atercress 14 C hinese cabbage 1 1 C abbage 1 1 Brus sels sprouts 12 3 Kale 12 2 Komatsuna (Japanese mustard spinach) 0.5 Kyona 0.5 C auliflower 0.2 3 Broc coli 0.2 0.2 Ot her cruciferous vegetables5 12 0.1 Burdock 0.1 Salsify 0.1 C hicory 14 Endive 14 Lettuce (including cos lettuce and leaf lettuce) 14 1 Ot her composite vegetables6 14 W elsh (including leek) 2 2 C arrot 0.1 Parsnip 0.1 Parsley 14 C elery 14 Ot her umbelliferous vegetables8 14 Tomato 0.5 0.5 Pim iento (sweet pepper) 1 1 Egg plan t 0.5 0.5 Ot her solanaceous vegetables9 0.3 0.5 C ucumber (including gherkin) 0.2 0.5 Pumpkin (including squash) 0.6 Orient al pickling melon (vegetable) 0.6 Water melon 0.6 M elons 0.1 M akuwauri melon 0.1 Ot her cucurbitaceous vegetables10 0.6 Indoxacarb?Continued? MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm Bamboo shoots 0.1 Ginger 0.05 0.1 Peas, immature (with pods) 1 Kidney beans, immature (with pods) 1 Green soybeans 1 1 Ot her vegetables12 1 Apple 0.5 1 Japanese pear 0.2 1 Pear 0.2 0.9 Quinc e 2 1 Loquat 2 1 Peach 2 N ectarine 0.9 2 Apric ot 0.9 2 Japanese plum (including prune) 0.9 2 M ume plum 2 C herry 0.9 2 Strawberry 1 1 C ranberry 0.9 0.5 Grape 2 1 Kiwifruit 0.1 C otton seeds 1 2 Ot her spices18 1 Ot her herbs19 12 1 C attle, muscle 1 0.05 Pig, muscle 1 0.05 Ot her terrestrial mammals20, muscle 1 0.05 C attle, fat 1 1 Pig, fat 1 1 Ot her terrestrial mammals, fat 1 1 C attle, liver 0.5 0.02 Pig, liver 0.5 0.02 Ot her terrestrial mammals, liver 0.5 0.02 C attle, kidney 0.5 0.02 Pig, kidney 0.5 0.02 Ot her terrestrial mammals, kidney 0.5 0.02 C attle, edible offal21 0.5 0.02 Pig, edible offal 0.5 0.02 Ot her terrestrial mammals, edible offal 0.5 0.02 M ilk 0.1 0.1 C hicken, muscle 0.01 0.01 Ot her poultry animals22, muscle 0.01 0.01 C hicken, fat 0.01 0.01 Ot her poultry animals, fat 0.01 0.01 C hicken, liver 0.01 0.01 Ot her poultry animals, liver 0.01 0.01 C hicken, kidney 0.01 0.01 Ot her poultry animals, kidney 0.01 0.01 C hicken, edible offal 0.01 0.01 Ot her poultry animals, edible offal 0.01 0.01 Chicken, eggs 0.01 0.01 Ot her poultry, eggs 0.01 0.01 Raisin 5 The uniform limit (0.01 ppm) is applied to commodities for which draft M RLs are not given. MRLs for indoxacarb are established for the sum of residues of indoxacarb (S- enantiomer) and R-enamtiomer of indoxacarb. Attachment 1-2 Espro carb(herbicide) MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm R ice (brown rice) 0.02 0.02 W heat 0.05 Aquati c animals 0.2 0.2 The uniform limit (0.01 ppm) is applied to commodities for which draft MRLs are not given. At tachment 1-3 T rifloxystrobin(fungicide) MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm R ice (brown rice) 1.6 4 Whea t 0.2 0.2 Barley 0.5 0.5 R ye 0.05 Corn (maize, including pop corn and sweet corn) 0.05 0.05 Other cereal grains1 0.05 Soy beans, dry 0.08 0.04 Peanut s, dry 0.05 0.05 Pota to 0.04 0.04 Sugar beet 0.05 0.05 Japanese radish, roots (including radish) 0.1 0.1 Turnip, roots (including rutabaga) 0.1 0.1 Horseradi sh 0.1 0.1 Chinese cabbage 0.5 C abbage 0.5 Brus sels sprouts 0.1 C auliflower 0.5 Broc coli 0.5 Burdoc k 0.1 0.1 Sals ify 0.1 0.1 Other composite vegetables6 3.5 4 W elsh (including leek) 0.7 Garlic 0.05 As paragus 0.07 C arrot 0.1 0.1 Parsnip 0.1 0.1 Celery 3.5 4 Other umbelliferous vegetables8 3.5 4 Tomato 0.7 1 Pim iento (sweet pepper) 0.5 0.5 Egg plan t 0.5 1 Other solanaceous vegetables9 2.0 1 Cucumber (including gherkin) 0.7 1 Pumpk in (including squash) 0.3 1 Oriental pickling melon (vegetable) 0.3 1 Wa ter melon 0.3 0.5 Melons 0.3 0.5 Makuwauri melon 0.3 0.5 Other cucurbitaceous vegetables10 0.3 1 Kidney beans, immature (with pods) 0.5 Green soybeans 0.08 0.04 Other vegetables12 3.5 1 U nshu orange, pulp 0.3 C itrus natsudaidai, whole 0.5 0.3 Lemon 0.5 0.3 Orange (including navel orange) 0.5 0.3 Grapefruit 0.5 0.3 Lime 0.5 0.3 Other citrus fruits13 0.5 0.3 T rifloxystrobin(Continued) MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm Apple 3 3 Japanese pear 5 0.7 Pear 5 0.7 Quince 0.7 0.7 Loquat 0.7 0.7 Peach 0.2 2 Nec tarine 3 5 Aprico t 3 2 Japanese plum (including prune) 3 2 Mume plum 3 Cherry 3 2 St rawberry 0.2 2 Grape 5 3 Japanese persimmon 0.5 5 Banana 0.5 5 Kiw i 0.02 Papaya 0.7 5 Avocado 5 Pineapple 5 Guav a 0.05 M ango 0.7 Pas sion Fruit 0.05 5 Other fruits15 0.7 5 C otton seed 0.05 Gink go nut 0.02 Ches tnut 0.04 0.04 Pecan 0.04 0.04 Almond 0.04 0.04 Walnu t 0.04 0.04 Other nuts17 0.04 0.04 Tea 5 5 Cof fee beans 0.05 Hop 40 20 Other spices18 3.5 5 Other herbs19 3.5 4 Cat tle, muscle 0.05 0.05 Pig, muscle 0.05 0.05 Other terrestrial mammals20, muscle 0.05 0.05 Cat tle, fat 0.05 0.05 Pig, fat 0.05 0.05 Other terrestrial mammals, fat 0.05 0.05 Cat tle, liver 0.05 0.05 Pig, liver 0.05 0.05 Other terrestrial mammals, liver 0.05 0.05 Cat tle, kidney 0.04 0.04 Pig, kidney 0.04 0.04 Other terrestrial mammals, kidney 0.04 0.04 Cat tle, edible offal21 0.05 0.05 Pig, edible offal 0.05 0.05 Other terrestrial mammals, edible offal 0.05 0.05 M ilk 0.02 0.02 Chicken, muscle 0.04 0.04 Other poul try animals22 , muscle 0.04 0.04 Chic ken, fat 0.04 0.04 Other poultry animals, fat 0.04 0.04 T rifloxystrobin(Continued) MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm C hicken, liver 0.04 0.04 Other poultry animals liver 0.04 0.04 Chic ken, kidney 0.04 0.04 Other poultry animals, kidney 0.04 0.04 Chic ken, edible offal 0.04 0.04 Other poultry animals, edible offal 0.04 0.04 Chic ken, egg 0.04 0.04 Other poultry animals, egg 0.04 0.04 M illed rice 0.9 R ice bran 7 W heat bran 0.5 R aisin 5 The n m app u iform li it (0.01 ppm) is lied to commodities for which draft MRLs are not given. MRLs for trifloxystrobin are established for the sum of residues of trifloxystrobin and its metabolites (E,E)-methoxyimino-[2-[1-(3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- ethylideneaminooxymethyl]-phenyl] acetic acid, all calculated as trifloxystrobin on an imal products, and for the sum of the residue of trifloxystrobin alone on other foods. At tachment 1-4 Pros ulfocarb (herbicide) MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm W heat 0.05 Barley 0.05 The ppm s uniform limit (0.01 ) is applied to commoditie for which draft M RLs are not given. At tachment 1-5 M etalaxyl and Mefenoxam (fungicide) MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm R ice (brown rice) 0.1 0.1 Whea t 0.05 0.05 Barley 0.05 0.05 R ye 0.05 0.05 Corn (maize, including pop corn and sweet corn) 0.05 0.05 Buc kwheat 0.05 0.05 Other cereal grains1 0.05 0.05 Soybeans, dry 0.05 0.05 Beans , dry2 0.2 0.1 Peas 0.2 0.1 Broad beans 0.1 Peanut s, dry 0.1 0.1 Other legumes/pulses3 0.2 0.1 Pota to 0.3 0.3 Taro 0.5 Sw eet potato 0.5 Y am 0.5 Konjac 0.3 0.5 Other potatoes4 0.5 Sugar be et 0.05 0.05 Sugarcane 0.05 0.1 Japanese radish, roots (including radish) 0.2 2 Japanese radish, leaves (including radish) 0.2 2 Turnip, roots (including rutabaga) 0.3 2 Turnip, leaves (including rutabaga) 0.3 2 Horseradi sh 0.2 2 Wa tercress 2 Chinese cabbage 0.3 2 Cabbage 0.5 0.5 Brussels sprouts 0.2 0.2 Kale 2 Komat suna (Japanese mustard spinach) 1 2 Kyona 3 2 Qing -geng-cai 2 2 Caulif lower 0.5 0.5 Broc coli 0.5 2 Other cruciferous vegetables5 0.7 2 Burdoc k 2 Sals ify 2 Art ichokes 2 C hicory 2 Endiv e 2 Shungiku 2 Let tuce (including cos lettuce and leaf lettuce) 2 2 Other composite vegetables6 2 Onion 2 2 Wel sh (including leek) 0.2 2 Garlic 0.5 2 N ira 2 Asparagus 0.05 0.05 Mult iplying onion (including shallot) 0.2 2 Other liliaceous vegetables7 0.3 2 M etalaxyl and Mefenoxam (Continued) MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm C arrot 0.05 0.05 Parsnip 2 Pars ley 2 2 Celery 2 M itsuba 2 2 Other umbelliferous vegetables8 1 2 Tomato 2 2 Pim iento (sweet pepper) 2 2 Egg plan t 1 2 Other solanaceous vegetables9 1 2 Cucumber (including gherkin) 1 2 Pumpk in (including squash) 0.2 2 Oriental pickling melon (vegetable) 2 Wa ter melon 0.2 0.2 Melons 0.7 1 Makuwauri melon 0.2 Ot her cucurbitaceous vegetables10 2 Spinach 2 2 Bamboo shoots 2 Ok ra 1 2 Ginger 1 2 Peas , immature (with pods) 0.2 0.05 Kidney beans, immature (with pods) 0.2 2 Green soybeans 0.2 2 But ton mushroom 2 Shiit ake mushroom 2 Ot her mushrooms11 2 Ot her vegetables12 3 2 Unshu orange, pulp 0.2 1 C itrus natsudaidai, whole 1 Lemon 0.7 2 Orange (including navel orange) 0.7 1 Grapefruit 0.7 2 Lime 0.7 1 Other citrus fruits13 0.7 1 Apple 0.2 1 Japanese pear 0.2 1 Pear 0.2 1 Quince 0.2 1 Loquat 0.2 1 Peach 0.2 1 Nec tarine 0.2 1 Aprico t 0.2 1 Japanese plum (including prune) 0.2 1 Mume plum 1 Cherry 0.2 1 St rawberry 7 1 Raspberry 0.2 0.2 Blackberry 0.2 1 Blueberry 2 1 C ranberry 1 H uckleberry 1 Other berries14 0.2 1 M etalaxyl and Mefenoxam (Continued) MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm Grape 1 1 Japanese persimmon 1 Banana 1 Kiw ifruit 1 Papay a 1 Avocado 0.2 0.2 Pineapple 1 Guav a 1 M ango 1 Pas sion fruit 0.2 1 Date 1 Ot her fruits15 1 Sunfl ower seeds 0.05 0.05 Sesame seeds 1 Saf flower seeds 1 Cot ton seeds 0.05 0.05 Rapeseed s 1 Ot her oil seeds16 1 Gink go nut 1 C hestnut 1 Pec an 1 Almond 0.4 1 Walnu t 0.4 1 Other nuts17 1 T ea 0.1 Cacao beans 0.2 0.2 Hop 10 10 Other spice18 (except seeds ) 5 2 Other herbs19 2 2 Cat tle, muscle 0.02 0.2 Pig, muscle 0.02 0.2 Other terrestrial mammals20, muscle 0.02 0.2 Cat tle, fat 0.02 0.4 Pig, fat 0.02 0.5 Other terrestrial mammals, fat 0.02 0.4 Cat tle, liver 0.1 0.3 Pig, liver 0.1 0.3 Other terrestrial mammals, liver 0.1 0.3 Cat tle, kidney 0.3 0.3 Pig, kidney 0.3 0.3 Other terrestrial mammals, kidney 0.3 0.3 Cat tle, edible offal21 0.02 0.2 Pig, edible offal 0.02 0.2 Other terrestrial mammals, edible offal 0.02 0.2 M ilk 0.03 C hicken, muscle 0.01 0.2 Other poultry animals22 , muscle 0.01 0.2 Chic ken, fat 0.01 0.5 Other poultry animals, fat 0.01 0.5 Chic ken, liver 0.06 0.3 Other poultry animals liver 0.06 0.3 M Mefe etalaxyl and noxam (Continued) MRL Current C ommodity ?draft? MRL ppm ppm C hicken, kidney 0.2 0.3 Other poultry animals, kidney 0.2 0.3 Chic ken, edible offal 0.01 0.2 Other poultry animals, edible offal 0.01 0.2 Chic ken, egg 0.01 0.05 Other poultry animals, egg 0.01 0.05 Ot her spice, dried (limited to seeds) 5 5 The o unif rm limit (0.01 ppm) is applied to commodities for which draft MRLs are not given. MRLs for metalaxyl and mefenoxam are established for the sum of residues of metalaxyl and mefenoxam on agricultural products; and the sum of residues of metalaxyl, mefenoxam and its metabolites N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N- (hydroxyacetyl)alanine on animal products. Note: 1. ?Other cereal grains? refers to all cereal grains, except rice (brown rice), wheat, barley, rye, corn (maize), and buckwheat. 2. ?Beans (dry)? includes butter beans, cowbeans (red beans), lentil, lima beans, pegia, sultani, sultapya, and white beans. 3. ?Other legumes/pulses? refers to all legumes/pulses, except soybeans (dry), beans (dry), peas, broad beans, peanuts (dry), and spices. 4. ?Other potatoes? refers to all potatoes, except potato, taro, sweet potato, yam, and konjac. 5. ?Other cruciferous vegetables? refers to all cruciferous vegetables, except Japanese radish roots and leaves (including radish), turnip roots and leaves, horseradish, watercress, Chinese cabbage, cabbage, brussels sprouts, kale, komatsuna (Japanese mustard spinach), kyona, qing-geng-cai, cauliflower, broccoli, and herbs. 6. ?Other composite vegetables? refers to all composite vegetables, except burdock, salsify, artichoke, chicory, endive, shungiku, lettuce (including cos lettuce and leaf lettuce), and herbs. 7. ?Other liliaceous vegetables? refers to all liliaceous vegetables, except onion, welsh (including leek), garlic, nira, asparagus, multiplying onion, and herbs. 8. ?Other umbelliferous vegetables? refers to all umbelliferous vegetables, except carrot, parsnip, parsley, celery, mitsuba, spices, and herbs. 9. ?Other solanaceous vegetables? refers to all solanaceous vegetables, except tomato, pimiento (sweet pepper), and egg plant. 10. ?Other cucurbitaceous vegetables? refers to all cucurbitaceous vegetables, except cucumber (including gherkin), pumpkin (including squash), oriental pickling melon (vegetable), watermelon, melons, and makuwauri melon. 11. ?Other mushrooms? refers to all mushrooms, except button mushroom, and shiitake mushroom. 12. ?Other vegetables? refers to all vegetables, except potatoes, sugar beet, sugarcane, cruciferous vegetables, composite vegetables, liliaceous vegetables, umbelliferous vegetables, solanaceous vegetables, cucurbitaceous vegetables, spinach, bamboo shoots, okra, ginger, peas (with pods, immature), kidney beans (with pods, immature), green soybeans, mushrooms, spices, and herbs. 13. ?Other citrus fruits? refers to all citrus fruits, except unshu orange (pulp), citrus natsudaidai (pulp), citrus natsudaidai (peel), citrus natsudaidai (whole), lemon, orange (including navel orange), grapefruit, lime, and spices. 14. ?Other berries? refers to all berries, except strawberry, raspberry, blackberry, blueberry, cranberry, and huckleberry. 15. ?Other fruits? refers to all fruits, except citrus fruits, apple, Japanese pear, pear, quince, loquat, peach, nectarine, apricot, Japanese plum (including prune), mume plum, cherry, berries, grape, Japanese persimmon, banana, kiwifruit, papaya, avocado, pineapple, guava, mango, passion fruit, date and spices. 16. ?Other oil seeds? refers to all oil seeds, except sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, safflower seeds, cotton seeds, rapeseeds and spices. 17. ?Other nuts? refers to all nuts, except ginkgo nut, chestnut, pecan, almond and walnut. 18. ?Other spices? refers to all spices, except horseradish, wasabi (Japanese horseradish) rhizomes, garlic, peppers chili, paprika, ginger, lemon peels, orange peels (including navel orange), yuzu (Chinese citron) peels and sesame seeds. 19. ?Other herbs? refers to all herbs, except watercress, nira, parsley stems and leaves, celery stems and leaves. 20. ?Other terrestrial mammals? refers to all terrestrial mammals, except cattle and pig. 21. ?Edible offal? refers to all edible parts, except muscle, fat, liver, and kidney. 22. ?Other poultry? refers to all poultry, except chicken.
Posted: 24 December 2009

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