Report contains updates to the food laws in Slovakia.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Required Report - public distribution
GAIN Report Number: LO1205
Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards -
FAIRS Country Report
Michael Henney, Agricultural Attaché
Jana Mikulasova, Agricultural Specialist
Sections I. – VIII. and the appendix of the report were updated. Slovakia applies EU directives and
regulations. Having become an EU member in 2004, vast majority of Slovak legislation has been
harmonized. The EU Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards report for European
Union (EU-27 FAIRS report), prepared by the US Mission to the EU in Brussels, should be reviewed
prior this report, since it provides complete framework and overview of food laws currently in force in
Section I. Food Laws
Disclaimer: This report was prepared by the USDA/Foreign Agricultural Service in Prague, Czech
Republic, for U.S. exporters of domestic food and agricultural products. While every possible care was
taken in the preparation of this report, information provided may not be completely accurate either
because policies have changed since its preparation, or because clear and consistent information about
these policies was not available. It is highly recommended that U.S. exporters verify the full set of
import requirements with the respective FSIS or APHIS Inspection offices or their foreign importer,
who are normally best equipped to research such matters with local authorities, before any goods are
shipped. FINAL IMPORT APPROVAL OF ANY PRODUCT IS SUBJECT TO THE IMPORTING
COUNTRY’S RULES AND REGULATIONS AS INTERPRETED BY BORDER OFFICIALS AT
THE TIME OF PRODUCT ENTRY.
The framework regulation laying down the general principles and requirements of EU food law is
Regulation 178/2002. A framework for harmonized food controls is set by Regulation 882/2004.
The Slovak Republic (SR) food, nutrition and “food health harmlessness” legislation consists of the
Food Act (Act no. 152/1995 Coll. amended by Act no. 349/2011) and Act no. 355/2007 Coll., on
Protection, Support and Development of Public Health and on Amendments and Supplements to Certain
Acts and the Food Codex, including implementing regulations, ordinances, decrees to the Food Act,
issued by the Government of the SR, the Ministry of Agriculture of the SR (MoA SR), the Ministry of
Health of the SR (MH SR). Food Codex can be found on website of the Slovak State veterinary and
Imported food products have the same status as domestically produced products with respect to the
provisions of the Food Act and Food Codex.
Imports from third countries must comply with national legislation, if no EU regulation exists.
One of the main requirements of the Slovak accession to the EU was approximation and harmonization
of Slovak legislation to that of the EU. National food legislation must comply with the White book,
focused on the proceedings for creating and maintaining an internal EU market; the set of directives,
which have to be fully and precisely incorporated into the national legislation of member states; the set
of regulations, which have direct effect (meaning member states have the obligation to undertake them
directly by translation). In order to make Slovak legislation compatible, many amendments were made
to existing veterinary, phytosanitary, feed, and food legislation within the past few years in Slovakia.
Since May 1st 2004, many new regulations came into force. Therefore, importers have to verify import
requirements according to the latest legal acts. Approved legal regulations can be found on the
following web pages:
The Ministry of Justice of the SR: http://jaspi.justice.gov.sk
The Ministry of Agriculture (Decrees and legislation under commentary judgment available):
The Ministry of Environment: www.enviro.gov.sk ;
The Slovak Veterinary and Food Administration: www.svssr.sk;
The Industrial Property Office of the SR (English version): www.indprop.gov.sk.
The Food Act no. 152/1995 Coll., amended by Act no. 349/2011, is intended to protect the health of
consumers and to provide for good nutrition of the population.
The 1995 Food Act with the wording of later regulations provides a framework for basic rules and
determines the conditions under which food and tobacco products are produced, manipulated, and
introduced in accordance to the requirements on the support and protection of human health and
consumer protection in the food products market. The Food Act also defines the organization and role of
the food supervision bodies.
According to the Food Act, all food products produced, imported and introduced into circulation in the
Slovak Republic must be in compliance with the requirements determined by the Food Act, Food
Codex, and other specific regulations.
In accordance with the Food Act, it is forbidden to introduce food products inadequately packed or
insufficiently labeled, not meeting requirements for quality and health harmlessness, falsified, spoiled,
or products with deceptive labeling, or deceptive advertising for consumption, with unknown origin, or
after the date of the last consumption or minimal preservation period. Food products identified as
hazardous to human health, falsified, or wrongly identified, cannot be distributed.
The Food Act constitutes the legal basis for the issuance of a number of ordinances and decrees that
spell out the specific requirements.
Food Codex represents decisive part of food legislation. Food Codex includes guidelines on definitions,
composition, tests, evaluations, and directives on the distribution of products governed by the food law.
Individual chapters of the Food Codex were approved separately, and in the case of many chapters
several amendments were done afterwards and recently; therefore it is necessary to verify import
information with its latest amended version, which can be found in decrees, published in Bulletins of the
MoA SR (www.mpsr.sk).
In accordance with the Food Act, the Food Codex in 3 parts and many chapters spells out the
requirements on health harmlessness, hygiene, content and quality of food, ingredients, as well as
technological processes used for their production, further requirements on packaging of food products,
their groups or all food products, scope and way of their labeling, their storing, transportation,
manipulation with them, their circulation, rules for sampling and sample investigation, hygiene.
The Food Codex jurisdictional scope extends to a variety of non-food items. They include tobacco,
cosmetics, food related raw materials, additives, and technological auxiliary matters.
Section II. Labeling Requirements
European Parliament and Council Directive 2000/13/EC provides general rules for labeling of
prepackaged food products for sale to consumers, as well as certain aspects relating to promotion and
advertising. The directive also applies to food products intended for restaurants, hospitals, canteens,
and other similar mass caterers. Special label rules contained in the directive on specific food products
(vertical directives) supplement these general rules or deviate from them.
Food labeling requirements are defined in MoA Decree no. 127/2012. The decree requires following
information must be on the label:
a. Name under which the product is sold
b. Trade name and residence of producer, packer, distributor or importer
c. Quantity without packaging; except for total weight--net weight of solid food products must be
stated in metric units; for liquids: liter, centiliter, or milliliter; for solid: kilogram or gram
d. Date of latest consumption; in case of perishable goods (due to microbiological activity) and
goods defined in relevant chapters of Food Codex, date of consumption
e. Quantities of components or groups of components
f. Identification of production batch
g. Place of origin (or region)
h. Special storage and usage requirements
i. Instruction for use if its absence could cause incorrect use
j. Quantity of certain components or group of components
k. Actual ethanol content expressed in percentage of the volume, in case of drinks containing more
than 1.2 percent of ethanol
If the food product requires special conditions for handling, or if the consumer needs to be informed
about food product properties, the label needs to include the following:
a. determination of food product for special nutritional purpose, or special use
b. presence of GMOs, their parts, derivatives and metabolites or their products
c. treatment of food products or their components by ionizing radiation
d. actual nutritional value of food product, package of which contains the nutritional claims
e. possible unfavorable influence on human health
Labeling of novelty food including GMOs was excluded from the Food Codex as EU regulations are
directly applied. There is also an ordinance in place by the MoA and MH (SR no. 608/1/2004-100) that
lists the requirements for novelty foods.
In case of new types of food products (including GMOs), the following must be stated:
a. content, nutritional value or nutritional influences if food products contain new characteristics
different from the common food product with the same name
b. presence of matter, which common food products do not contain and which should have an
influence on the health of certain groups of consumers
c. information about food products containing GMOs, their parts, derivatives and metabolites or
their products, if this is stated by Food Codex
d. presence of new matter, which is not present in common food product
General Requirements on labeling
1. Food product must be labeled in a way not misleading consumers, especially in relation to the
characteristics, nature, place of origin, content, quantity, shelf live, and way of processing.
Graphical representation on the label must not be in contradiction to the structure of the food
product. The label can contain other written, graphical or pictured information if those are not in
contradiction to obligatory labeling and do not mislead consumers. Additional information must
not decrease legibility of text.
2. If natural ingredients or matter made from it is used in the production process (e.g. aroma), name
of food product, or graphical representation can contain this ingredient directly, unless the Food
Codex states otherwise.
3. Labeling by sellers is obligatory for wrapped and unwrapped food products
4. Any false identification in labeling, cleaning, overwriting or removing the information is
qualified as falsification of food product.
Labeling requirements in product specific chapters of the Food codex have to be fulfilled as well.
1. According to the Food Codex, the text on labels of distributed food products must be in Slovak
language. The text in other languages is not forbidden, however it must not be an obstacle to the
legibility of the information in the Slovak language.
2. Food products can enter the country with standard U.S. labels or unlabeled.
3. Stick on-labels meeting local requirements are permitted. Food products introduced into
circulation must be labeled on packages for final consumers, on external packages, or on its
4. Imports can enter the country with foreign labels or without labels. However, products before
their placement on the market must be labeled according to the Food Codex chapter on labeling
and labeling regulations in relevant commodity chapters.
5. Food samples do not have to be labeled. If samples are distributed, they must be labeled.
Regulations related to the sample requirements are under preparation. Wrapped food products or
food intended for further processing, dividing or supplying of catering services are subject to
exceptions to the labeling requirements listed in Food Codex, chapter two, part two.
6. The recommended food intake for the Slovak population was published by the Ministry of
Health (MH), by the chief health officer in the Bulletin of the MH SR 1997, part 7-8, p. 58.
Maximum limits and recommended intake of vitamins and minerals in special food products are
presented in 7th chapter of the Food Codex. Recommended intake of several items are lower in
SR compared to recommended intake in the United States. Therefore, there is certain awareness,
that standard U.S. labeling might be misleading.
7. There is no special shelf life or country-of-origin requirements.
8. Slovak authorities do not grant exceptions to their labeling regulations. Exceptions to the
labeling regulation are listed in Food Codex, part two, novelized chapter two. Exceptions are
related to glass bottles of multiply use; wrapped food products or food intended for further
processing, dividing or supplying of catering services or food offered to final consumers in
decorative packages (pieces, or seasonal candies).
Requirements Specific to Nutritional Labeling
Designations for nutritional value are regulated by the Food Codex. Nutritional labeling for consumers
is optional. However, if the description of the food product or advertisement contains nutritional claims,
the nutritional value must be stated. Nutrition claims can only be related to the energy values and
nutrients, if they are present in food products in significant quantities. Decree of MoA no. 1482/2009-
100 defines scope of nutritional claims, way of declaration of nutritional value of food product and
methods of their calculations.
According to the Food Act and Food Codex, labeling and ways of labeling must not mislead the
consumer. Certain claims are forbidden. For instance claims for which truthfulness is not possible to
verify are forbidden. It is also forbidden to introduce into circulation the food products labeled with
illusory way of supply. Illusory way of supply is written or oral information provided to consumer,
which is false, deceptive and /or misrepresented.
Illusory labeling according to special directive is considered
a. If misleading to consumers in the sense of
1. Food characteristics such as identity, content, quantity, durability, origin or place of origin,
way of producing or processing,
2. Attribution to food product of such characteristics or effects which do not pertain
3. Indicating that food product has special characteristics, while in fact those characteristics
pertain all similar food products
b. If assign to food product preventive, therapeutic or curative characteristics, or refer to
characteristics that absented, apart from natural medicinal waters and food products designated
for special nutrition defined by Food Codex.
Use of supplementary claims in food names as “domaci" - "homemade”, "cerstvy"- "fresh”, "prirodny" -
"natural", "dietny" - "diet" is forbidden, if special requirements for use of this type of claims according
the relevant chapters of Food Codex are not fulfilled.
If the label contains nutritional claims, or if relevant chapter of Food Codex requires it, the label must
state nutritional value of food product. Health claims are subject to strict procedures.
Section III. Packaging and Container Regulations
European Parliament and Council Regulation 1935/2004 specifies the main requirements for materials
that come into contact with foodstuffs. In Slovakia, requirements on objects (especially packages and
packing materials) coming into contact with foodstuffs, are defined in the 2nd part, 5th Chapter of the
Food Codex, amended by decree of the MoA Sr and the MH SR decree no. 1799/2003-100 novelized by
no. 14911/2004-OAP, no. 28576/2004-SL, no. 13760/2006-SL, no. 08704/2007-OL, no. 06913/2008-
OL, no. 05761/2009-OLn and no. 01887-OL-2011.
Chapter 4 contains requirements on microbiological requirements on packing materials. New types of
packages and packaging materials have to be approved by the Ministry of Health (the Office of Public
Health). Information for approval can be found in Food Codex, part 2, Chapter 5. Generally, higher
demand is for smaller size packing.
Decree no. 207/2000 Coll. and decree no. 420/2001 Coll. of the Slovak Office of Standards, Metrology
and Testing defines the requirements for labeled consumer packages, expressing types of products and
defining requirements on their weight, volume and container sizes.
The Act no. 119/2010 about packaging and Decree of Ministry of Environment of the SR No. 283/2001
regulate issues related to composition, characteristics and labeling of packaging, their collection and
recycling. This legislation also states rights and obligations physical and legal persons of usage of
containers, their collection, waste disposal and responsibility in case of violations of obligations.
Importers have to be registered in the Recycling fund and contribute quarterly to it, depending on
import. When applying for approval of a new type of package or packaging materials the “way of
ecological disposal” must also be stated.
Restrictions and limitations on the use of all approved packaging materials for food products are defined
in detail in Part 2 of the 5th chapter of Food Codex amended by the Decree o the MoA SR and the MH
SR no. 1799/2003 – 100 amended by no. 28576/2004. Namely PVC limitations are listed in appendix 3,
part C. Individual commodity chapters of the Food Codex contain specific information related to the
commodity package material requirements.
Section IV. Food Additives Regulations:
EU legislation related to food additives is called the “Package on Food Improvement Agents” and
includes four Regulations: Regulation 1331/2008 establishing a common authorization procedure for
food additives, food enzymes and food flavorings, Regulation 1332/2008 on food enzymes, Regulation
1333/2008 on food additives and Regulation 1334/2008 on flavorings.
Application of additives in food products is determined by Decrees no. 04650/2008-OL Coll. Amended
by no. 08936/2010-OL, no. 18764/2010-OL, and no. 02374-OL-2011 about food products in the
wording of later regulations and by the Food Codex, in the amended chapter 12. The Food Codex
specifies terms, regulates requirements for foreign substances, their maximum content in food products
and usage. Lists of food colors, sweeteners, other additives and technological supportive matters,
extractional dissolving substances, food enzymes and flavorings are positive. Additives in food and
preparations for nurslings and small children are regulated separately. Amended chapter 2 of the 2nd
part of Food Codex also defines separately labeling of additives on food products determined and not
determined to final consumers. Since April 15, 2004 structure of the Food Codex has changed.
Additives are regulated by Chapter 12 (Decree of the MoA SR and the MH SR no. 04650/2008 - OL),
extactional dissolving substances by Chapter 13th (Decree of the MoA SR and the MH SR no.
608/6/2004 –100), and special additives (enzymes, quinine, etc.) by chapter 15th.
Usage of additives and technological auxiliary matters not listed in annex 2, the chapter 3, 2nd part of
Food Codex is forbidden. Annex 2 consists of the list and maximal quantities of the additives; annex 3
defines requirements of pureness and identity of additives. Requirements on permitted sweeteners,
conditions of their use, labeling and packing are defined in Decree no. 37/2012 on sweeteners.
Full list of additives can be found in Decree of the MoA of the SR and MH of the SR amending the
Chapter 12 of Food Codex (in print), which is available on the MoA SR web page www.mpsr.sk:
Dokumenty, Vestníky MoA SR in Slovak language. Food Codex chapters are available on the Slovak
Veterinary and Food Administration (SVPS SR) website (www.svssr.sk).
Food Codex, amended chapter 12 on additives provides required information in application for approval
of new additives. According to the article 23 of the Act no. 23/2002 Coll., application for approval has
to be submitted to the Ministry of Health of the SR, namely to the Office for Public Health Service in
Ustav verejneho zdravotnictva
Obor hygieny vyzivy
Trnavska ul. č. 52, 826 45 Bratislava
New additive matter is approved for a maximum of two years, if the products are introduced to the
circulation only in Slovak Republic. Marking and monitoring of this matter is assured during this
period. In accordance with the results of monitoring, this additive matter and its documentation can be
approved by other member states of the EU.
Section V. Pesticides and Other Contaminants
EU Regulation no. 1107/2009 sets out rules for the authorization of plant protection products.
In Slovak legislation, pesticide residues maximum content in food products are determined in Food Act.
No. 152/1995 and Decrees no. 26682/2007-OL amended by 07902/2008-OL and no. 16525/2008-OL.
Lists of contaminants, including pesticide residues are positive. Maximum limits or directional limits of
contaminants in food products are expressed in mg.kg-1 or mg.l-1 under condition of meeting good
manufacturing, geotechnical practice or good practice of veterinary medicine application. If a substance
is not listed or if a food product is not listed then there is a zero tolerance.
New types of pesticides have to be registered in the Central Control and Testing Institute of Agriculture
According to the Act no. 136/2000 Coll. (amended by Act no. 555/2004 and no. 202/2008) and decree
577/2005 on fertilizers, the Central Control and Testing Institute of Agriculture decides about the
registration of fertilizers and their introduction to the market. The list of approved pesticides is
regularly published in the Bulletin of the MoA SR http://www.mpsr.sr in Vestniky MoA. Information
about allowed pesticides are provided by Pesticide Registration Office of Central control and testing
institute of agriculture in Bratislava (www.uksup.sk)
Ustredny kontrolny a skusobny ustav polnohospodarsky
Odbor registracie pesticidov
833 16 Bratislava
Section VI. Other Regulations and Requirements
Obligatory Registration Of Introduction Of Food Products To The Circulation was abolished since May
1st 2004. According the Act no. 472/2003 Coll. Ameded by Act no. 45/2009, since May 1st 2004 new
producers of food products and importers of food products are obliged to report only the business of
their entrepreneurship to the District veterinary and food administration offices.
Producers, importers and exporters of plants and plant products are registered at the Control and Testing
Institute according to the Act no. 193/2005 Coll. on Plant Protection amended by Act no. 45/2009.
Requirements on the registration are defined and the list of plants and plant product which production
and import must be controlled (appendix 1,2,5,and 10) in the Decree of MoA SR no. 41/2002 which
determines details of plant health care performance.
Applications have to be sent or delivered personally to the Central Controlling and Testing Institute in
Importers of special food products have to be registered at the Office of Public Health Service of the
Urad verejneho zdravotnictva
Odbor hygieny vyzivy
head: MUDr. Iveta Truskova
Importers and exporters of licensed products have to be registered at the Agricultural Payment Agency
(see in appendix) responsible for trade licenses.
Obligatory laboratory testing is required in case of food for special nutritional purposes and food
products of a new type. Permission to import is granted by the Office of Public Health Service in
Bratislava (see in appendix). Only authorized and accredited laboratories by the MH SR can carry out
testing of samples of products taken according the legislation (see in appendix).
Regulation of the Slovak government no. 307/2003 and amending regulation no. 495/2003 present
requirements on animal health for exchange and import of animal origin products (including product
samples), which are not subject to other veterinary requirements. In general, samples sent by express
mail or parcel post to testing institutes are not subject to import regulations.
Food supervision bodies in the SR are: The Ministry of Health, the Office for Public Health Service, the
State Veterinary and Food Administration, regional and districts veterinary and food administrations,
testing and certification authorities.
Perishable food products are monitored at the retail /wholesale distribution levels by inspectors from
health authorities (regional and districts branches of the Office of Public Health Service). Inspectors of
regional and district branches of the State Veterinary and Food Administration monitor other food
At the retail and wholesale level, food storage and foods are inspected on a random sample basis or if an
event requires it. According to the legislation the food product can be withdrawn from the circulation if
a hazard exists, in order to protect health of the consumers, even if there are not enough scientific
approvals (dioxins case).
According to the Act no. 152/1995 in the wording of later directives, Slovakia applies the EU Rapid
Alert System for announcement information about harmful or hazard food and feed products. The state
veterinary and food administration was designated as national contact point. SVFA collects
announcements from their regional branches, from border inspection stations, Central control and
testing institute for agriculture and regional branches of the Office of Public Health Service and
provides them to the DG SANCO of the EC.
The Slovak Commercial Inspection (SCI) also has competencies to ban the supply and sale of products
or services; to give orders for effective and immediate removal of products from the market and if it is
inevitable, also their disposal on the inspected persons costs; to give orders for the announcement of risk
awareness from the product in case of life, health or property emergencies. The conditions of the
internal market state control and SCI competencies are defined in the Act no. 128/2002 Coll. (about
state control of the internal market in matters of consumer protection and about changes and
supplements other acts).
Certification is obligatory for import of fresh fruits and vegetable, live animals and animal products,
fish, milk products, plants, plant products. In the case of harmonized products, the EU certification
templates have to be used, for non-harmonized products--national certification templates were
approved. The Certificate of Conformity for other imported food products is not obligatory.
The import of live animals is regulated by the Act no. 39/2007 Coll., amended by Act no. 242/2012
Coll. related to the veterinary care of live animals, embryonic products, products of animal origin, waste
of animal origin and pathogens, secondary animal products. Veterinary control and import requirements
are set by approximately 15 decrees that can be found at the website of the State Veterinary
Administration of the Slovak Republic.
Import of live animals, embryonic products, animal products, products of animal waste origin, animal
waste products, pathogens and selected products of plant origin (Act no. 488/2002 Coll. in later
wordings) from 3rd countries is allowed only if:
originate from 3rd countries which are approved in the EU;
originate from plants approved for import into the EU;
originate from breeding, organizations, collecting centers approved for import to the EU;
accompanied by certificate issued by relevant body in the country of origin and certificate meets
pattern according to the EU legislation or in case of non-harmonized goods according to the
form designed by SVPA SR.
An importer is obliged to provide to the foreign producers from 3rd countries with relevant certificate
templates. Certificate templates and the list of products which are subject to veterinary control, are
available on the SVPA SR web page: www.svpssr.sk.
The veterinary certificate has to be in language of country of origin, so as the person who signed it, fully
understand it, and in Slovak language. Forms available at the SVFA web page are bilingual, Slovak and
The Slovak veterinary and food inspection of the SR (SVPS SR) is responsible for conformity
judgment. Certification of conformity (based on satisfactory sample inspection findings) states if the
commodity or commodities involved are in conformity with the provisions to be spelled out in Food
Codex and relevant ordinances.
The control of the conformity in case of fresh fruits and vegetables import is regulated by Directive of
the SR government no. 554/2002 and the Act no. 405/2011 on Phytosanitary Care. If delivery of fresh
fruits and vegetable is not accompanied by certificate of conformity from the appointed body of the
country of origin (the USA – USDA/AMS), the importer is obliged to ask Slovak control body for
control of conformity of shipment before it releasing to the circulation.
Shipment of fresh fruits and vegetables must be declared by the importer to the Regional veterinary and
food administration body at least 24 hours in advance (by fax, or e-mail). Required information:
1. date and destination of import,
2. quantity and type of product,
3. country of origin,
4. request for quality control, in case of certificate of quality absence; time and place of
unloading of goods.
Control of conformity is done by State veterinary and food administration of the SR by their inspectors.
Certificates are required also for food products of a new type, special nutritional food products and
products treated by ionizing radiation.
Import licenses from the Agricultural Payment Agency are required for: rice, cereals, beef, wine, oils
and fats, seeds, milk and dairy products, flax, hemp, pork, sugar, beef, fresh fruits and vegetables,
bananas, processed fruits and vegetables.
Section VII. Other Specific Standards
Fortification of food products with vitamins and minerals is permitted (regulated by Decree no.
1519/02-100). Information about vitamins and minerals content must be indicated on the label if
presence of vitamin is significant (more than 15% of daily recommended intake in 100 g or in 100 ml of
food or in one package, or single portion of food) according to appendix 1 of above mentioned Decree).
Information about fortification is indicated in relevant product chapter of the Food Codex. For instance
enrichment of milk and milk product by vitamins, minerals, trace elements, essential substances and
other components is subject of approval of the Ministry of Health of the SR on the basis of application
of producer or importer of milk.
Conditions for use of genetically modified technologies and GMOs are spelled out in the Act no.
117/2010 amending Act 151/2002 Coll. on use of genetic technologies and genetically modified
organisms and Decree no. 399/2005 of the Ministry of Environment of the SR administering the Act on
GMOs. Decree of MoA SR and MH SR no. 608/1/2004 – 100 presents 3rd chapter of the 2nd part of
Food Codex on products of a new type and defines requirements on food products of new type, their
production, import, manipulation and introduction to the market. Import of GM food products must be
approved by Ministry of health of the SR - the Office of Public Health Service in Bratislava. Ministry of
Environment of the SR issues the decisions on import of seeds and feed crop. Legal acts, forms and
other information related to the GMO are provided by Ministry of Environment website or at
Novelty foods are labeled according to regulations ES 1829/2003 and 1830/2003 that are mentioned in
the Food Codex in 2nd part, 3rd chapter.
Requirements on dietetic and special use foods are specified in Food Codex, 2nd part, novelized chapter
7 (Decree of the MoA SR and the MH SR no. 16826/2007-OL about requirements on food products for
special nutritional purposes and nutritional complements).
According to the Act no 23/2002 amending Food Act, an importer can introduce only packed food
products for special purposes on the market. The Office for Public Health Service, The Section of
Hygiene of Nutrition is responsible for approval of special nutritional complement import. Importers of
special use food products from third countries have to announce their first introduction on the market
(sending of sample and pattern of label is required) to the Office of Public Health Service. There are no
special application forms. The application has to state all relevant information related to special use food
product (including potential risk). Procedure can last up to 30 days. For more information importers can
directly contact the Office for Public Health Service, The Section of Hygiene of Nutrition.
Methods of the preservation are listed directly in chapters of the Food Codex according to the relevant
products. Chapter 27th of the Food Codex is devoted to thermo-sterilization food products. Also certain
chemical preservatives are permitted in certain processed foods – (List of allowed additives in Food
Codex 2nd part, novelized chapter 15).
Chapter 6th of the Food Codex is devoted to ionize radiation treated food products. This chapter was
amended by the Decree of the MoA SR and the MH SR no. 3757/2003-100. Annex 1 to this chapter
contains a list of groups of products and medium dose of the ionizing radiation. The Ministry of Health
must approve import of such food products.
Food Codex, 3rd part, Chapter 4 is devoted to fishing products including marine products. This chapter
defines requirements on labeling, packing, storing, transportation and quality of fresh, frozen, salted,
smoked, marinated, fried, dried, semi-finished products. Slovak government directive no. 1903/2008-
100 Coll. defines conditions of fishing products and live clams introduction to the market.
Since May 1, 2004 only approved EU ports of entry can be used for the import of specified food
products from 3rd countries. Live animals and animal products are subject to the veterinary control on
the outer border of the EU according to the current EU legislation.
Imported live animals are separated in approved quarantine. Importer has to apply for approval of
quarantine to State veterinary and food inspection prior to expected import. Quarantine usually lasts
four weeks. In certain extraordinary cases it can be more or less. Requirements on quarantine conditions
are determined by the Decree of the MoA SR no. 467/2001-100 for determination of animal health
Wine is regulated by the wine legislation:
Act no. 313/2009 on viniculture and viticulture amended by Act no. 198/2010 and Decree of Ministry of
Agriculture no. 350/2009. Food Codex, 3rd part, Chapter 30 regulates spirit and distillates. Food Codex,
3rd part, Chapter 25, is devoted to beverages in general.
According to the Act no. 421/2004 Coll. about ecological agriculture and biofood (organic) products
production, production, import and export of such product have to be registered to the Central Control
and Testing Institute in Bratislava (www.uksup.sk).
Labeling of biofood products is allowed only with certification issued in SR or the country of origin.
Label has to show “bio” or “eko”, pictogram ordered by this act, words “vyprodukovane v ekologickom
polnohospodarstve” - “produced in ecological agriculture” and numerical code of certification body.
Product samples intended for importers have to be in compliance with the Slovak food legislation. After
submission of application, product samples are duty free.
Section VIII. Copyright and/or Trademark Laws
Trademarks, appellation of origin and geographical names are legally protected in Slovakia.
Legislation related to trademarks: The Act No. 55/1997 Coll. on Trademarks in the wording of the Act
no. 14/2002 and Act No. 577/2001 Coll.; Decree No. 117/1997 Coll. implementing the Act No. 55/1997
Coll. on trademarks in the wording of later regulations.
The application for the registration of a trademark may be filed by the legal entity or physical person
carrying out permitted economic activity in the corresponding field. The term of the registration of a
trademark shall be 10 years from the filing date of the application for a trademark. Upon the request of
the owner of a trademark it is possible to extend the term of protection by the renewal of the registration
indefinitely by ten-year periods, if the requirements for the payment of administrative fees have been
Legislation related to appellation of origin: Act No. 469/2003 Coll. amended by Act no. 395/2009 on
appellation of origin and geographical indications, Decree of the MoA SR no. 21/2004 about
requirements for certification of special character of agricultural and food products. Announcement of
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the SR about WTO, TRIPS. Act No. 145/1995 Coll. in the wording of
later regulations about administrative charges
In order to protect the appellation of origin and geographical names, applicant has to apply for
certificate of special character of agricultural and food products to the Ministry of Agriculture (Decree
of the MoA SR no. 21/2004). Afterwards appellation of origin and geographical name can be registered
at the Office of industrial property of the SR if applicant in time of applying is the only producer or
processor or preparatory body in the Slovak Republic.
The term of protection, which shall begin upon the registration of the appellation of origin or the
registration of another user of appellation of origin into the Register, shall not be time-limited.
Industrial Property Office of the Slovak Republic
974 04 Banska Bystrica 4
Section IX. Import Procedures
Imports from third countries can currently enter directly the Slovak Republic only through two EC
approved border ports with the Ukraine (Cierna nad Tisou for railway transport and Vysne Nemecke for
ground transport) and Bratislava airport. Generally, products that are subject to veterinary or
phytosanitary control can enter only through border ports with veterinary and phytosanitary border
inspection stations respectively.
Since May 1, 2004, customs procedures have changed according to new customs Act no. 199/2004,
Decree no .227/2004 and the EU legislation: Customs Codex (Council Ordinance EEC 2913/1992),
Implementing regulation EEC no. 2454/1993, Council Ordinance about duty exemption no. 918/1983.
Customs procedure has to comply with the Ordinance of Council (EEC) no. 339/93 on control of
conformity of imported goods from the 3rd countries
Incoming goods go either to customs storage (type A, B, C, D, E) or to destination if all requirements
for introduction to the market were fulfilled. Storing and removal from customs storage is carried out
under the supervision of a customs officer who compares the documents with the commodities. Later,
the invoice for import duty is issued.
All shipments, which are subject to phytosanitary control, have to be accompanied with phytosanitary
certificate from 3rd country. Phytosanitary control consists of accompanying documents control and
physical inspection. Full list of plants, plant products and other goods, which are subject to the
phytosanitary control, can be found in Appendix 5 of the SR government regulation no. 75/2004 Coll.
If goods can be released to the free circulation, an inspector will certify the results of control on all
documents. In the case of goods listed in Appendix 5 of the Government regulation no. 75/2004 Coll.,
an inspector will issue a plant passport. If goods are subject to the transit regime, the inspector will issue
a new phytosanitary certificate valid within the EU. After phytosanitary inspection, the customs officer
(based on the documents) will approve releasing the goods for free circulation. The same procedure is
carried out in inland customs storages.
Fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, and certain food products of plant origin are subject to control of
conformity with requirements on quality. If a shipment is not accompanied by certificate, the customs
officer will announce this to authorized regional inspectors of the State Veterinary and Food
Administration, responsible for control of conformity.
Imported live animals, embryonic products, animal products, products of animal waste origin, animal
waste products, pathogens and selected products of plant origin (Act 488/2002 Coll., The Slovak
Government Ordinance no. 301/2002 Coll, Ordinance no. 321/2003 Coll. and the Act no. 199/2004)
from 3rd countries are subject to border veterinary control (Decision no. 2002/349/EC). A customs
officer will allow import or transit of such products only after the border veterinary control (documents,
identification and physical control) based on original certificate. In the case of direct imports of meat
from third countries, the border veterinarian, who checks meat, collects the accompanying veterinary
documents and issues new veterinary documents valid within the EU. Veterinary inspector must control
each shipment of fresh meat or meat products. The SR government regulation no. 289/2004 presents
schedule of charges for veterinary inspections and controls.
Importers of food products from 3rd countries are allowed to use only designated EU border ports of
entry, depending on imported commodities.
Food inspectors at the port of entry do not routinely check packaged foods. However, food inspectors
of the Regional Veterinary and Food Inspections and Regional Offices of Public Health Service check
samples at the wholesale and retail level at any time. Samples are tested in official accredited
laboratories (see Appendix). Suspicious food products (according to the list of products from particular
countries, e.g. pistachios from Iran) are checked at the port of entry always.
2. Veterinary and customs import documents must be in Slovak. However, if a customs officer or
border veterinarian can read another language, he can accept it. There is no appeal of decisions by the
customs office or the veterinary service.
Appendix I. Government Regulatory Agency Contacts:
Ministry of Health of the SR
P. O. BOX 52
837 52 Bratislava 37
Ministry of Agriculture
812 66 Bratislava
Ministry of Environment of the
Nam. L. Stura 1
812 35 Bratislava
State Veterinary and Food Administration
842 13 Bratislava
Office of public health service of the SR
Trnavska ul. 52
Section of Hygiene
Import and export licenses (AGRIM, AGREX):
The Agricultural Payment Agency
815 26 Bratislava
Industrial Property Office
974 04 Banska Bystrica 4
Slovak Office Of Standards, Metrology And Testing
Stefanovicova 3, P. O. Box 76
810 05 Bratislava 15