EU lifts ban on lactic acid on beef & EU allows imports of U.S. live swine
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number: E80004
Post: Brussels USEU
Two Breakthroughs in U.S. exports to Europe
Livestock and Products
EU lifts ban on lactic acid on beef: Commission Regulation (EU) No 101/2013, published on February
5, 2013, allows the application of lactic acid (LA) as a pathogen reduction treatment (PRT) on beef.
This approval is a major breakthrough breaching the 15-year-old EU ban on PRTs. It will allow U.S.
beef exporters to better take advantage of the EU beef quotas, worth $700 million, without forgoing
customary food safety procedures.
EU allows imports of U.S. live swine: On February 5, 2013, Commission Implementing Regulation
(EU) No 102/2013 was published, allowing the exports of U.S. live swine to the EU or for
EU lifts ban on lactic acid on beef
Commission Regulation (EU) No 101/2013  , published in the Official Journal on February 5, 2013,
allows the application of lactic acid (LA) as a pathogen reduction treatment (PRT) on beef carcasses,
half-carcasses and beef quarters in the slaughterhouse. This is a major breakthrough breaching the 15-
year-old EU ban on PRTs. While the “hygiene” Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 already provided for the
lifting of the ban from 1997, it took almost another decade before the political opposition decreased
allowing this precedent. Still, the approval of the application of LA is restricted to the slaughter line
only, while LA is an inherent component of all meat and is broadly used as a food ingredient
worldwide. The approval of this USDA application finally succeeded after four PRT applications for
poultry failed in 2008 after a 6-year struggle and despite a European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
report from 2005 found no food safety concerns  . This failure led the United States to launch a
WTO complaint against the EU in 2009 (DS 389  ).
The approval of LA as a PRT in Europe is a major victory for science-based food processing. It will
allow U.S. beef exporters to better take advantage of EU beef quotas, worth $700 million, without
forgoing customary food safety procedures, which was the primary goal of the United States.
Ultimately, the European Union will be the biggest winner from this approval as it will avoid human
casualties from food poisonings, while European meat industries will be allowed to market safer food
and thus avoid economic damage from the negative publicity from such food safety incidents.
U.S. live swine also allowed into the EU
Also on February 5, 2013, Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 102/2013  was published,
allowing the exports of U.S. live swine to the EU or for transshipment. This regulation terminates the
longstanding discussion about the risk of introduction into the Union of vesicular stomatitis from
sporadic outbreaks in limited areas via imports of live pigs.
 For more details see GAIN report E48148 – Final EC vote ends failed poultry PRT approval procedure.