Political Conditions in the Philippines
- Type of State
- Republic based on a presidential government
- Executive Power
- The President is both the head of the state and the head of the government. The President is elected by a popular vote to serve a single six-year term. He presides over and appoints the cabinet members. The President holds the executive powers which include the implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. The President is also the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
- Legislative Power
- The legislature in the Philippines is bicameral. The parliament, called the Congress, consists of: the Senate (the upper house) having 24 seats with its members elected mostly by popular vote to serve six-year terms, and the House of Representatives (the lower house) having up to a maximum of 250 seats, with its members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms. The President has the power to veto acts of the legislature, and in turn a supermajority (generally two—thirds) of legislators may act to override his veto. The people of the Philippines enjoy considerable political rights.
- Main Political Parties
- The Philippines has a multi-party system and political parties have diverse ideologies. As a result, parties generally work together to form coalition governments. The major political parties in the country are:
- Lakas-CMD (Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats)- a right-of-centre conservative political party;
- LP (Liberal Party) - liberals;
- NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) – a nationalist left-wing party;
- LDP (Struggle of Filipino Democrats) – a union of democratic parties;
- AD (Democratic Action) - mainstream political party that advocates "non-traditional" means of politics.
- Current Political Leaders
- President: Benigno S. AQUINO III (since June 2010), Liberal Party.
- Next Election Dates
- Presidential: May 2016
Senate: May 2013
House of Representatives: 2013
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 17 places up compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Partly Free
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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