Law and Compliance in Poland

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Language of Domestic Contract

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Legal Framework of Business

Equity of Judgments

Independence of Justice
Judicial power in Poland is independent, but the Courts are well-known for their long administrative delays in dealing with cases.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Poland is a constitutional State. Foreign nationals can expect to obtain impartial proceedings in legal matters.
The Language of Justice
Polish is the language of justice used.
Recourse to an Interpreter
It is possible to obtain an interpreter.
Legal Similarities
The main source of the country's law is the Constitution of 1997. The legal system is a mix of Continental civil law (Napoleonic) and remenants of communist legal theory; changes are being brought in rapidly with the process of democratization. Poland accepts the obligatory jurisdiction of the ICJ (International Court of Justice) but with reservations. As Poland is a member of the European Union, its national law must abide by the conditions of the country's legislation.

The Different Legal Codes

Accounting regulations Consult Law Library of Congress Website
Contract and property law Consult Law Library of Congress Website
Customs law Consult Law Library of Congress Website
Consumer law Consult Law Library of Congress Website
Company law Consult Law Library of Congress Website
Investment law Consult Law Library of Congress Website
Labor law Consult Law Library of Congress Website
Any additional informations Consult Doing Business Website
Country Guides
Lexmundi, Guide to doing business in Poland: legal system.

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The Jurisdictions

There is a four-tiered court system in Poland: Regional, provincial, appellate divisions, and a Supreme Court. For additional information.
The National Judicial Council The twenty-four member council, consisting of judges from the national, district, and local levels, serves a four-year term and has the primary function of recommending judgeship candidates to the president. Another basic function of the body is to oversee the entire judiciary and establish professional standards.
The Supreme Court The Supreme Court is the highest judicial organ and functions primarily as a court of appeal.
The Supreme Court reviews the decisions of all lower courts; hears appeals of decisions made by the district courts, along with appeals brought by the minister of justice (who simultaneously serves as the prosecutor general) and the first chairman of the Supreme Court; and adopts legal interpretations and clarifications. The court is organized into four chambers: criminal, civil, labor and social insurance, and military.
Lower Courts Local courts concentrate on minor, routine offenses, and the district courts were to take on more serious cases and consider appeals of local court verdicts. Lower courts are divided into criminal, civil, military, labor and family chambers. Judges are nominated by the National Judicial Council and are appointed by the president for life.
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  • U.S. Commercial Service Poland

    U.S. Department Of Commerce, Poland