Political Conditions in Portugal
- Type of State
Official name: the Portuguese Republic.
Portugal is a republic based on a parliamentary democracy. The constitution establishes a "semi-presidential" regime for the country.
- Executive Power
- The President is the Head of State. He is elected by universal suffrage for a five year term and is the Commander-in-chief of the Army. After a general election, the leader of the majority party or coalition is usually appointed to be Prime Minister by the President, for a four year term. The Prime Minister is the head of the government, and he holds the executive power, which includes implementing laws and overseeing the everyday running of the country. The Council of Ministers is appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. There is also a Council of State, which acts as an advisory body to the President.
- Legislative Power
- Portuguese legislative power is unicameral. The parliament, called the Assembly of the Republic, has 230 seats. The members are elected by universal suffrage for a four year term and the executive branch of government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of parliament often expressed by a vote of confidence. The Prime Minister cannot dissolve the Assembly, but the President can do so and call for an early election if he so wishes. Portuguese citizens enjoy considerable political rights.
- Main Political Parties
Political life in Portugal is mainly dominated by two parties: the PS (Socialist Party) and the PSD (Social Democratic Party). Other parties active in the country are:
- The PP (Popular Party) – Christian democrats,
- The PCP (Portuguese Communist Party) – left-wing party,
- Bloco de Esquerda (Left-wing block) - Association of parties left of the Communist party
- Current Political Leaders
President : Anibal CAVACO Silva (since March 2006) - PSD
Prime Minister: Jose SOCRATES (since March 2005) - PS
- Next Election Dates
- Presidential elections: January 2016
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 14 places down compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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