Contracts in Portugal
The Active Population in Figures
|Labor Force (Annual Growth, %)||-||0.77||1.02|
|Rate of Activity (%)||73.4||62.5||62.7|
|Unemployment Rate (%)||7.6||7.7||8.0|
Note: data in millions.
** first quarter
|Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force)||2006|
|Shopkeepers and similar||14.3%|
|Managers and higher intellectual professions||17.3%|
|Workmen and unqualified workers||11.8%|
Management of Human Resources
- Method of Recruitment
- More and more applications are being made via Internet or the press. Recruitment in Portugal is mainly carried out by inviting candidates for a face-to-face interview.
- Recruitment Agencies
The public institution is the IEFP.
There are several recruitment companies: Egor, Psicoteste, Hays.
- Recruitment Websites
- Type of Contract
The work contract is governed by legal provisions and to a lesser extent by collective agreements and individual negotiation.
The formality of the work contract, and hiring and firing conditions are extremely rigid.
- Breach of Contracts
- There are several ways of retiring: early retirement, automatic retirement and official retirement.
- The employer initiates dismissals:
- redundancy comes in the form of either individual or mass redundancy
- dismissal for professional misconduct
- Other Possible Methods
- Resignation; this is initiated by the employee.
- Labor Laws
National legislation (only in Portuguese)
- Cases of Dispute
- Physical violence, moral harassment, sexual harassment, working conditions, etc.
- Legal Framework
- Before going to court, forms of conciliation are possible: mediation, arbitration (which may be compulsory or not, by ministerial decision). Arbitration produces results with the same power as collective contracts. If it fails, the following step will be the « Tribunal do trabalho » of the competent jurisdiction.
However, at this time, the settlement of disputes is also under discussion between the government and the unions (employers' and union confederations).
- The Labor Code
- Legal Framework
- Defined in the Labor Code.
- Competent Legal Body
- The Labor Tribunal.
To appeal: the Tribunal of 2nd instance, labor section.
- Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
- There are 2 major Union confederations. The CGTP (very close to the Communist Party) which always very critical of and eager to challenge government measures, and the UGT (close to the Socialist Party and the Social-Democrats), a more moderate group, although it criticizes, but often manages to come to a consensus with the government. Negotiations usually take place at the Conselho Económico e Social for social dialogue between Employers' Confederations, the Government and Union Confederations. These discussions take place systematically at the beginning of each year, but also when important dossiers about labor law are discussed, as is the case at the moment.
- Unionization Rate
- Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Agriculture
Confederation of Portuguese agricultural cooperatives (CONFAGRI)
Portuguese Agricultural Federation
Ministry of Labor
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