Trade Compliance in Russia
- International Conventions
Party to the Kyoto Protocol
Party to the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
Party to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
Party to the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer
Party to the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls For Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies
- Main International Economic Cooperation
Russia is not a member of any Customs Union.
It is a member of the Eurasian Economic Community, heir to the CIS, which is a free-trade zone and aims to build a common economic area.
It has signed a partnership and cooperation agreement with the European Union which aims to create a common economic area. It generally enjoys most favored nation status (MFN) and benefits from the generalized system of preferences (GSP) in its relations with the United States.
- Party of the ATA Convention on Temporary Admissions and Use of the Carnets
As a Reminder, the ATA is a System Allowing the Free Movement of Goods Across Frontiers and Their Temporary Admission Into a Customs Territory With Relief From Duties and Taxes. The Goods Are Covered By a Single Document Known as the ATA Carnet That is Secured By an International Guarantee System.
Look Up the Other Member Countries And Read the Web Pages of the World Customs Organization Devoted to the ATA Carnet.
- Party of the TIR Convention
As a Reminder, the TIR Convention and its Transit Regime Contribute to the Facilitation of International Transport, Especially International Road Transport, Not Only in Europe and the Middle East, But Also in Other Parts of the World, Such as Africa and Latin America.
The UNCTAD Website Allows You to Read the TIR Convention, See the List of Member Countries And to Find Further Information.
- Accompanying Documents For Imports
Goods shipped to Russia must be accompanied by the following documents:
- the single administrative document (SAD)
- The commercial invoice: it must be drawn up in triplicate, in English or in Russian, and contain the usual notes. It must specify the number of the Customs terminal.
- A phytosanitary certificate: this is necessary for fruit, vegetables, seeds and other plants, and is issued by the regional plant protection service.
- A health certificate: this is necessary for meat and is issued by the departmental directorate of veterinary services.
- A certificate of conformity to Russian standards (GOST-R) : it is necessary for products likely to be dangerous for health or the protection of the environment (foodstuffs, chemical products, consumer goods, etc.)
- Transport documents and the packing list
- Free Zones
Free zones are called "free economic zones".
There are three at the present time: the port of Nakhodka in the Far East, the enclave of Kaliningrad and the Republic of Ingushetia.
- For Further Information
Russian Customs Service
Portal for Customs
Ministère du Développement économique et du Commerce
- Non Tariff Barriers
The certification of products, a complicated procedure, is a barrier to trade.
The agri-food sector is particularly protected with quotas on certain products and very strict phytosanitary standards.
Exporters often say the heavy and unpredictable Russian Customs procedures are a big obstacle.
- Sectors or Products For Which Commercial Disagreements Have Been Registered With the WTO
- Natural gas and services (liberalization), metallurgy (anti-dumping), intellectual property rights.
- Assessment of Commercial Policy
Russia 's commercial policy, as seen by the WTO
Barriers to exchanges, inventoried by the United States
Barriers to exchanges, inventoried by the EU
Sanitary and phytosanitary barriers, inventoried by the EU
Survey of Russian and foreign entrepreneurs
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